Colombia

Total population: Almost 48,900,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2014

Conflict: 6,044,200 internally displaced

As of Dec. 2014

 

Disasters: 21,000

Newly displaced in 2014

396,635 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Jan. 2014

 
Blog Post | 29 January 2015

Guest blogger Elizabeth Ferris describes “the dangers of mainstreaming IDPs into oblivion”

Increasingly, international humanitarians talk about the protection of civilians, vulnerable groups, and affected populations rather than about internally displaced persons (IDPs). What dangers could this pose to IDPs?

Blog Post | 14 May 2014

IDMC’s annual flagship report reveals record breaking IDP figures for second year running

IDMC reveals 33.3 million people were internally displaced by conflict in 2013, with a full 63% in just 5 countries.

Publication | 07 March 2014

Girl, disrupted

Women and children make up 70% of the world’s internally displaced population. To mark International Women’s Day, IDMC highlights how the challenges young girls face around world increase when violence or conflict forces them to flee their homes.

Blog Post | 07 March 2014

Girl, disrupted: challenges for internally displaced girls worldwide

Women and children make up 70% of the world’s internally displaced population. To mark International Women’s Day, IDMC highlights how the challenges young girls face around world increase when violence or conflict forces them to flee their homes.

Overview | 14 January 2014

Displacement continues despite hopes for peace

Despite the optimism surrounding the peace process in seeking to end a decades-old war, Colombia continues to suffer one of the world’s most dramatic humanitarian emergencies. As one of the countries with the largest populations of internally displaced people worldwide, roughly 300,000 people are internally displaced each year.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Colombia: Internal displacement in brief

Despite the optimism surrounding a peace process seeking to end decades of civil war, Colombia continues to suffer one of the world’s most dramatic humanitarian emergencies.

Country Page | 31 July 2012

Colombia

IDMC's Colombia page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

 
Overview | 14 January 2014

Displacement continues despite hopes for peace

Despite the optimism surrounding the peace process in seeking to end a decades-old war, Colombia continues to suffer one of the world’s most dramatic humanitarian emergencies. As one of the countries with the largest populations of internally displaced people worldwide, roughly 300,000 people are internally displaced each year.

Overview | 29 December 2011

Improved government response yet to have impact for IDPs

Colombia’s government has changed its discourse in favour of those who have suffered human rights violations within the country. However, it is yet to translate this into effective action

Overview | 05 September 2011

Property restitution in sight but integration still distant

Threats, assassinations, massacres, forced recruitment, and forced disappearances perpetrated by numerous illegal armed groups, and armed confrontations between these groups and government forces, continue to force Colombians to flee their homes, mostly from rural areas.

Overview | 10 December 2010

Government response improves but still fails to meet needs of growing IDP population

Colombia’s long-standing internal armed conflict and the human rights abuses perpetrated by combatants and illegal armed groups had by 2010 caused the displacement of 3.4 million people according to the government, and over 4.9 million people according to the reliable non-governmental Observatory on Human Rights and Displacement (CODHES).

Overview | 03 July 2009

New displacement continues, response still ineffective

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had to May 2009 displaced almost 3.1 million people according to the government, and over 4.6 million people according to a re-liable non-governmental source.

Overview | 17 October 2008

Rate of new displacement highest in two decades

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had by June 2008 displaced 2,649,139 people according to the government, and 4,361,355 people according to a reliable non-governmental source. An alarming trend of rising internal displacement has been registered since 2006, and the highest rate of displacement in 23 years was recorded in the first semester of 2008.

Overview | 27 May 2005

Colombia: Government response to IDPs under fire as conflict worsens

Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year-long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been internally displaced since 1985. The Colombian internal displacement crisis is the world’s worst after Sudan, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who are among the country’s poorest.

 
Publication | 07 March 2014

Girl, disrupted

Women and children make up 70% of the world’s internally displaced population. To mark International Women’s Day, IDMC highlights how the challenges young girls face around world increase when violence or conflict forces them to flee their homes.

Summary | 31 December 2013

Colombia: Internal displacement in brief

Despite the optimism surrounding a peace process seeking to end decades of civil war, Colombia continues to suffer one of the world’s most dramatic humanitarian emergencies.

Country Profile | 29 December 2011

Colombia: Property restitution in sight but integration still distant (December 2011)

Colombia’s government, led since 2010 by President Juan Manuel Santos, has changed its discourse in favour of those who have suffered human rights violations due the conflict and violence within the country.

Country Profile | 05 September 2011

Colombia: Property restitution in sight but integration still distant (September 2011)

Threats, assassinations, massacres, forced recruitment, and forced disappearances perpetrated by numerous illegal armed groups, and armed confrontations between these groups and government forces, continue to force Colombians to flee their homes, mostly from rural areas.

Publication | 01 November 2010

Building momentum for land restoration: Towards property restitution for IDPs in Colombia

IDMC reports on ongoing land disputes and issues involving property restitution for IDPs in Colombia.

Human Rights Mechanism | 30 October 2009

HR Committee Task Force Submission Colombia 2009

The internal displacement crisis has to date affected 3,115,266 people according to the Government’s registry,1 and 4,628,882 according to a reliable non-governmental source. In 2008 alone, 380,863 people (or 76,172 families) were newly displaced. Internal displacement takes a heavier toll on the most vulnerable segments of the population.

Briefing Paper | 10 October 2009

Conflict Beyond Borders: Humanitarian Impact of the Colombian Conflict in Ecuador

In March, 2008, the Colombian armed forces attacked a FARC camp located in the Ecuadorian province of Sucumbíos. This attack resulted in the death of FARC’s second in command, Raúl Reyes.

Country Profile | 03 July 2009

Colombia: New displacement continues, response still ineffective

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had to May 2009 displaced almost 3.1 million people according to the government, and over 4.6 million people according to a reliable non-governmental source. Nevertheless, under-registration in the government’s system remains pervasive.

Human Rights Mechanism | 29 May 2009

CESCR Submission Colombia 2009

In the list of issues for the last review of Colombia’s fulfillment of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural rights, which took place in 2001,1 the Committee raised the situation of internally displaced persons as an independent, standalone issue under the general information heading.

Country Profile | 17 October 2008

Colombia: Rate of new displacement highest in two decades

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had by June 2008 displaced 2,649,139 people according to the government, and 4,361,355 people according to a reliable non-governmental source. An alarming trend of rising internal displacement has been registered since 2006, and the highest rate of displacement in 23 years was recorded in the first semester of 2008.

Country Profile | 05 November 2007

Resisting displacement by combatants and developers: Humanitarian Zones in north-west Colombia

In the north-western department of Chocó, near Colombia’s border with Panama, forcibly displaced people have established “Humanitarian Zones” in a bid to hang on to their land and livelihoods. These zones are occupied by groups who have joined together to remain on or near the collective land which they were forced to leave as a result of a major military campaign in 1996.

Publication | 01 November 2007

Resisting displacement by combatants and developers: Humanitarian Zones in north-west Colombia

This IDMC report discusses the complexities facing Colombia’s 3 millions of IDPs who struggle to hold on to land in Humanitarian Zones established after being forced to leave nearby lands.

Publication | 01 June 2007

Book of Life Stories: Para Que Se Sepa (Let It Be Known)

A compilation of life stories of those displaced by Colombia’s years of internal armed conflict and massive human rights violations.

Country Profile | 30 June 2006

Colombia: Government "peace process" cements injustice for IDPs

Forced displacement in Colombia is primarily a way to seize agricultural land from peasants and small farmers, and only to a lesser degree the unintended consequence of fighting between warring parties. Much of the violence is deliberately aimed at civilians to dislodge them from their homes and lands. It is a struggle that has been going on for centuries, but now involves national and international commercial interests, part of an internal war pitting the government and paramilitary forces against two guerrilla groups and a related war on drugs.

Publication | 01 June 2006

Colombia: government "peace process" cements injustice for IDPs

IDMC provides recommendations to Colombia's ongoing problem of forced displacement as a means to seize land from peasants and small farmers.

Country Profile | 27 May 2005

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year-long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been internally displaced since 1985. The Colombian internal displacement crisis is the world’s worst after Sudan, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who are among the country’s poorest.

Country Profile | 04 February 2004

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been displaced since 1985. The IDP crisis has become one of the world's worst, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who make up some of the country’s poorest people.

Country Profile | 14 May 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

The number of internally displaced people in Colombia has soared, and their plight has worsened as the new government pursues military solutions to the country's conflict, allowing armed groups to deliberately displace civilians. The IDP crisis was already one of the world's worst, disproportionately affecting Colombia's black and indigenous populations, hitting border areas and cities like never before.

Country Profile | 14 June 2002

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

The displacement of populations in Colombia has been an endemic feature of the country's almost 40-year long civil war. The deep-seeded and complex conflict pits varying armed groups against one another – each with different interes ts and different affiliations. Although the armed factions have changed and transformed over the years, they are commonly described in one of three categories: armed insurgents, paramilitary groups, and official military and police.

Country Profile | 19 July 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia (July 2001)

Most national and international agencies rate Colombia among the countries with the largest internally displaced population in the world. According to local NGO sources, as of July 2001, over 2 million people had been displaced as a result of violence since 1985, with 317,000 persons displaced in 2000, and 92,000 persons displaced the first quarter of 2001.

Country Profile | 27 February 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia (February 2001)

Most national and international agencies now rate Colombia among the countries with the largest internally displaced population in the world. According to local NGO sources as of 8 August, almost 2 million persons have been displaced as a result of violence since 1985, with 288,000 persons displaced in 1999 alone.

Country Profile | 01 December 1999

Internally Displaced Persons in Colombia

Most national and international agencies now rate Colombia among the countries with the largest internally displaced population in the world. According to local NGO estimates as of September 1999, about 1,5 million persons have been displaced as a result of violence since 1985, with 308,000 persons displaced in 1998 alone.

 
Blog Post | 29 January 2015

Guest blogger Elizabeth Ferris describes “the dangers of mainstreaming IDPs into oblivion”

Increasingly, international humanitarians talk about the protection of civilians, vulnerable groups, and affected populations rather than about internally displaced persons (IDPs). What dangers could this pose to IDPs?

Blog Post | 14 May 2014

IDMC’s annual flagship report reveals record breaking IDP figures for second year running

IDMC reveals 33.3 million people were internally displaced by conflict in 2013, with a full 63% in just 5 countries.

Blog Post | 07 March 2014

Girl, disrupted: challenges for internally displaced girls worldwide

Women and children make up 70% of the world’s internally displaced population. To mark International Women’s Day, IDMC highlights how the challenges young girls face around world increase when violence or conflict forces them to flee their homes.

 
Map | 01 November 2005

Internal displacement in Colombia

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