Mexico

Total population: 123,800,000 people

UNFPA, as of 2014

Conflict: At Least 281,400 internally displaced

As of Dec. 2014

 

Disasters: At Least 18,300

Newly displaced in 2014

9,396 refugees

Originating from country, UNHCR, as of Jan. 2014

 
Publication | 22 October 2015

New humanitarian frontiers: Addressing criminal violence in Mexico and Central America

Parts of Central America and Mexico are suffering a humanitarian crisis which stems directly from expanding criminal violence. How could humanitarian actors help national governments to protect people affected by violence?

Summary | 31 December 2013

Mexico: Internal displacement in brief

Public census results correlated with data on homicides and criminality show a strong causal relationship between violence and internal displacement in Mexico.

Blog Post | 05 November 2013

Criminal violence and internal displacement in Mexico: evidence, perception and challenges

Video presenting evidence of violence-induced internal displacement in Mexico, the ways in which both society and the government addressed it, and the challenges ahead for Enrique Peña Nieto’s administration.

Human Rights Mechanism | 01 November 2013

UPR Submission Mexico 2013

Since 2007, Mexico has been confronted with an unprecedented wave of criminal violence, with criminal organizations combatting each other and, to a lesser degree, the State. This violence has had manifold impacts on the civilian population, which were acknowledged in the report of the Working Group on the review of Mexico.

Country Page | 31 July 2012

Mexico

IDMC's Mexico page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

Publication | 01 May 2012

Forced displacement linked to transnational organised crime in Mexico

In this ground breaking study, IDMC analyzes and assesses the impact that intense criminal violence has had on forced displacement in Mexico.

Overview | 25 November 2011

Displacement due to criminal and communal violence

Instances of mass displacement have been recorded in Tamaulipas, Michoacán and Guerrero states

 
Overview | 25 November 2011

Displacement due to criminal and communal violence

Instances of mass displacement have been recorded in Tamaulipas, Michoacán and Guerrero states

Overview | 23 December 2009

Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

Overview | 20 June 2005

No progress on ensuring respect for the rights of displaced indigenous people

In 1994, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the “Zapatistas”, launched an uprising in the south-eastern state of Chiapas with the stated goal of improving land and social rights for the marginalised indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded by sending in troops and creating paramilitary cells from among the local population as part of a low-intensity war strategy.

 
Publication | 22 October 2015

New humanitarian frontiers: Addressing criminal violence in Mexico and Central America

Parts of Central America and Mexico are suffering a humanitarian crisis which stems directly from expanding criminal violence. How could humanitarian actors help national governments to protect people affected by violence?

Summary | 31 December 2013

Mexico: Internal displacement in brief

Public census results correlated with data on homicides and criminality show a strong causal relationship between violence and internal displacement in Mexico.

Human Rights Mechanism | 01 November 2013

UPR Submission Mexico 2013

Since 2007, Mexico has been confronted with an unprecedented wave of criminal violence, with criminal organizations combatting each other and, to a lesser degree, the State. This violence has had manifold impacts on the civilian population, which were acknowledged in the report of the Working Group on the review of Mexico.

Publication | 01 May 2012

Forced displacement linked to transnational organised crime in Mexico

In this ground breaking study, IDMC analyzes and assesses the impact that intense criminal violence has had on forced displacement in Mexico.

Country Profile | 25 November 2011

Mexico: Displacement due to criminal and communal violence

There are currently several situations of internal displacement in Mexico. Possibly the largest has been caused since 2007 by the violence of drug cartels and the government’s military response. This has caused displacement in the states of Chihuahua, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Durango, Guerrero, Sinaloa and Michoacán.

Briefing Paper | 01 December 2010

Briefing paper on forced displacement in Mexico due to drug cartel violence

In 2006, the Mexican government of Felipe Calderón launched a military offensive against the country’s drug cartels. The intervention of the armed forces in cornering rival groups reportedly sparked vicious turf wars over previously agreed trafficking routes.

Country Profile | 23 December 2009

Mexico: Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

Country Profile | 22 January 2008

Mexico: Evictions of indigenous communities fuel displacement in Chiapas

In the Mexican state of Chiapas, 5,500 people are still internally displaced, in addition to an unknown number who have sought anonymity or remain dispersed, more than a decade after the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) led an uprising of indigenous communities against socio-economic exclusion and lack of access to land.

Country Profile | 20 June 2005

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

In 1994, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the“Zapatistas”, launched an uprising in the south-eastern state of Chiapas with the stated goal of improving land and social rights for the marginalised indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded by sending in troops and creating paramilitary cells from among the local population as part of a low-intensity war strategy.

Country Profile | 17 October 2003

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

In 1994 in the south-eastern state of Chiapas, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the“ Zapatistas”, led an uprising calling for better land and civil rights for the marginalized indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded violently, sending in troops, and the ensuing conflict – which also involved paramilitary groups –, displaced up to 35,000 people.

Country Profile | 20 November 2001

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

Violent land disputes have traditionally caused displacement on a small scale in Mexico. However, more substantial internal displacement took place during the 1990s because of the armed conflict between the insurgents, "Zapatista Army of National Liberation" (EZLN) and the Mexican army. The conflict has forced large groups of mostly indigenous peasants from the southern state of Chiapas to flee their homes.

 
Blog Post | 05 November 2013

Criminal violence and internal displacement in Mexico: evidence, perception and challenges

Video presenting evidence of violence-induced internal displacement in Mexico, the ways in which both society and the government addressed it, and the challenges ahead for Enrique Peña Nieto’s administration.

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