Consultancy: Drought displacement in Somalia

Norwegian Refugee Council

New and protracted displacement in Somalia has many interlinked drivers, including recurrent and persistent exposure to internal conflict and climate-related hazards, chronic and acute food and livelihood insecurity, human rights violations and the state’s limited ability and political will to protect and assist IDPs and support them in pursuing durable solutions.

An estimated 858,000 new displacements took place due to drought in Somalia in 2017. Around a quarter of a million new displacements due to drought were recorded in 2018 in the southern regions of Bay, Lower Shabelle and Bakool as people moved from rural areas in search of water and livelihood opportunities. However, the causes of flight in Somalia are closely interlinked, and more research is needed to untangle and address the complex dynamics of displacement due to drought in the region.

Research questions

  1. How does the interaction between slow-onset events, insecurity and socio-economic factors such as livelihoods and food security result in forced migration and other mobility patterns?
  2. What are the environmental and human risk factors which increase exposure and vulnerability of communities and erode resilience to drought?
  3. What local resilience mechanisms and coping strategies are effective in avoiding displacement caused by drought?
  4. What are durable solutions in the context of irreversible change, and what opportunities exist to promote these?

Tasks and deliverables
IDMC has designed a mixed-methodology and associated research tools including a household survey as well as qualitative methods such as social cartographies, gender walks, and key informant interviews. We are now seeking to recruit a Somalia-based consultant to conduct this research.

The consultant will be responsible for fieldwork logistics, recruitment and training of local enumerators, data collection, quality assurance and data cleaning. All clean data (including both survey data and typed-up qualitative notes) is expected to be delivered by the end of September 2019. 

Research will be conducted with displaced and non-displaced people in both rural areas of origin and receiving urban areas. Based on available information on drought displacement, potential districts for data collection include Lughaya, Burco, Bandarbayla, Qardho, Burtinle, Eyl, Galkayo, Hobyo, and/or Dhusamarreb. One or more districts will be selected in cooperation with the consultant. Random sampling strategies will be used in selected fieldwork locations, without aiming for a representative sample. Approximately two hundred people will take part in the survey.

The research team should, at a minimum, be composed of one lead researcher and three local enumerators. Independent consultants may also apply if they have the ability to recruit experienced enumerators ahead of data collection. Members of the research team will have proven experience conducting high-quality research in Somalia.

The lead researcher is expected to have:

  • Master’s degree in humanitarian affairs, migration, environmental change, or related field;
  • Proven experience conducting research and managing research projects in Somalia;
  • Excellent team management skills and collaborative working style;
  • Fluency in English, both written and verbal. 

The whole research team should be able to demonstrate the following skills, knowledge and experience:

  • Knowledge of ethical issues in primary data collection;
  • Experience conducting survey interviews using mobile phones;
  • Experience conducting qualitative interviews and writing quality notes;
  • Ability to clearly communicate research findings both verbally and in writing;
  • Ability to problem-solve effectively in challenging environments requiring flexibility.

Registration as a “sole trader” or consultant in country of residence or as employee within a consultancy company is required.

Application process
The consultant should complete an NRC WebCruiter application with personal details (CV) and upload the following information as part of the application:

  • One page cover letter;
  • Detailed financial proposal;
  • List of references that can be contacted to verify the quality of services;
  • Rates: daily consultancy rate in CHF or USD only, inclusive VAT and all charges

NB. This daily rate and currency will be fixed for the duration of the contract. Any payment for additional costs, third-party services or travel expenses will be discussed and decided on for each consultancy contract and thus these costs should not be listed in the application.

Link to NRC vacancies for WebCruiter application: 

Please note: All service providers/consultants working with NRC should maintain high standards on ethical issues, respect and apply basic human and social rights, ensure non-exploitation of child labour, and give fair working conditions to their staff. NRC reserves the right to reject quotations provided by suppliers not meeting these standards. Consultants doing business with NRC will be screened on anti-corruption due diligence before NRC confirms a contract.

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Deadline for application:

21 July 2019

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