Since April 2002, close to four million internally displaced Angolans have gone home
following the signing of a ceasefire agreement between the governing MPLA and
UNITA, which marked the end of 27 years of civil war. However, a joint IDP assessment
carried out by the United Nations and the Angolan government found that there
are still more than 91,000 people who remain displaced as a result of the war.
The ceasefire agreed between the Angolan government and UNITA in 2002 ended 27 years of civil war and provided the momentum for millions of internally displaced people (IDPs) to return home. More than four million people were displaced before the ceasefire. In early 2004, 450,000 of them were still waiting to go back to their homes, while around 400,000 were expected to settle permanently in their current place of residence. The majority of those IDPs who were able to return have faced a lack of basic services and food insecurity, as well a widespread threat of land mines.