Georgia IDP Figures Analysis
IDMC estimates that there are up to 232,700 IDPs in Georgia as of December 2014.
The estimate is a composite of figures reported by the government of Georgia, UNHCR, and the UN Inter-Agency Humanitarian Assessment Mission to South Ossetia.
The government reported in December 2014 that it had registered 262,704 people as IDPs. This number is based on results from a re-registration exercise conducted in 2013-2014 by the Ministry of IDPs from the Occupied Territories, Accommodation and Refugees. The figure is a slight increase from the initial figure released after the re-registration exercise for two reasons. First, some IDPs failed to participate in the re-registration process in 2013 and consequently had their status terminated. They are now gradually approaching the Ministry in order to re-register and have their statuses restored. Second, children with one IDP parent are entitled to the status. Each month about 400-500 newborns receive the status, which causes an increase in the IDP figure.
Most IDPs were displaced in the early 1990s as a result of conflict in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, while a smaller number were displaced during conflict with the Russian Federation over South Ossetia in August 2008.
The number of IDPs registered by the government includes people who have returned home to Abkhazia, but does not include people displaced within Abkhazia and South Ossetia. No official survey has been conducted there by the Georgian authorities as these regions are not under its control.
The IDMC estimate of 232,700 internally displaced is arrived at by:
deducting from the official government figure of 262,704
At least 45,000 IDPs who have spontaneously returned to Abkhazia (UNHCR, 31 July 2009)
Some 5,000 IDPs still displaced within South Ossetia as a result of the 1991-1992 conflict (UN HRC, 14 January 2010)
- At least 10,000 IDPs in South Ossetia displaced due to the 2008 conflict (United Nations Inter-agency Humanitarian Assessment Mission to South Ossetia, 2008).