Kosovo IDP Figures Analysis
IDMC estimates that there are around 17,100 IDPs in Kosovo as of July 2015.
IDMC’s estimate is based on figures provided by UNHCR, which is the only organisation that monitors the number of IDPs in Kosovo. However, IDMC believes that the actual number of IDPs may be different, since the current figure combines various data collection methods, sources and units of analysis from different time periods (UNHCR Kosovo, May 2014).
A preliminary assessment for a profiling exercise to clarify the number of IDPs and their progress towards durable solutions was completed in 2013, the survey was piloted at the end of 2014 and the full profiling exercise is to take place in 2015.
The latest figure of 17,086 IDPs comprises:
9,265 Kosovo Serbs who fled towards the border with Serbia
7,078 Kosovo Albanians who fled towards the interior of Kosovo
The remainder is mainly Roma and smaller numbers of so-called Ashkalis and Egyptians, both groups being Albanian-speaking ethnic minorities who identified as ethnic Albanians before displacement.
The vast majority of IDPs live in the Mitrovica region of northern Kosovo.
In 1999, following NATO airstrikes, Yugoslav troops withdrew from Kosovo, which led to the displacement of more than 245,000 people who feared reprisals from the majority Albanian population. In 2004, ethnic violence against non-Albanians, mainly Serbs and Roma, displaced another 4,200 people, most of whom sought refuge within Kosovo in areas dominated by their ethnic group.