Global figures

IDMC’s global IDP figures presented below are based on its monitoring of internal displacement caused by conflict, generalised violence, human rights violations and natural hazard-induced disasters. It should be noted that these figures do not include all IDP situations by other causes, such as development projects. Furthermore, while the figures have been presented separately here, our analysis shows that conflict, disasters and resulting displacement have multiple and often overlapping root causes and impacts. Over half of the countries affected by conflict since 1970 were also affected by disaster-induced displacement in the last five years alone. This is an important consideration for those tasked with policy-making, protection and assistance.

Please note: The figures for conflict displacement are cumulative, taking into account both new and ongoing displacement situations and IDP returns where possible. The estimates for disaster-related displacement represent the number of people newly displaced by disasters over the course of each year. For further information on the methodology behind these figures please refer to the latest versions of our annual reports: Global Overview 2014: people internally displaced by conflict and violence, and Global Estimates 2012: People displaced by disasters.

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

IDP and refugee numbers, 1989 to present

* IDP data: IDMC, USCR, Refugee data: UNHCR, UNRWA

Note on figures

The figures below are based on IDMC’s monitoring and analysis of information available from a range of sources on internal displacement caused by armed conflict, situations of generalised violence or violations of human rights. Disaggregated data showing the location and size of internally displaced populations, and their breakdown by age and sex, is only available in a few countries. Reports on return or other settlement options are more incomplete.

IDMC seeks and compiles information from national governments, UN and other international organisations, national and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs), human rights organisations and the media, and it also carries out field missions to a number of countries every year.

Situations of armed conflict include international armed conflict, and internal armed conflict. Generalised violence refers to disturbances within the country which are characterised by a serious disruption of order resulting from acts of violence such as riots, struggles between factions or against the authorities, or inter-communal violence.

Human rights violations encompass failures by any state or, where applicable, relevant non-state actors, to respect their obligations under international human rights law.

For more information, download IDMC's Global Overview 2014: people internally displaced by conflict and violence

Latest IDP numbers by country

 

Countries Number of IDPs Conflict related IDPs:
Figures analysis
Afghanistan At Least 667,200 As of Apr. 2014

IDMC's estimate is based on figures provided by
Afghanistan’s National IDP Task Force, led by UNHCR... more

Algeria - No recent figure available

According to media reports, an estimated 1.5 million people
were internally displaced during the course of... more

Armenia Up to 8,400 As of Aug. 2014

A profiling exercise led by NRC in 2005 found that 65,000
families were displaced during the... more

Azerbaijan Up to 543,400 As of May 2014

The number of people registered as internally displaced by
conflict by the State Committee for Refugees... more

Bangladesh Up to 280,000 As of May. 2014

Information available on the number of IDPs in Bangladesh
due to internal conflict between a non-state... more

Bosnia and Herzegovina 103,400 As of Jun. 2013

The figure is based on the 2005 country-wide re-registration
of IDPs in BiH by the Ministry... more

Burundi Up to 78,900 As of Dec. 2013

IDMC’s figures are based on estimates provided by the UN
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian... more

Central African Republic At Least 490,000 As of Sep. 2014

This is more than a two-fold increase on the earlier peaks
of 197,000 people displaced in... more

Chad Up to 90,000 As of Nov. 2013

Between 2006 and 2008, 181,000 people were displaced by
armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence and attacks by
criminal... more

Colombia 5,700,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

As part of the 2011 Victim's Law, the Colombian government
introduced a... more

Congo Up to 7,800 As of Oct. 2009

IDMC bases its estimates on the Republic of Congo’s own
government estimate, which was published in... more

Côte d'Ivoire At Least 70,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

There is no comprehensive countrywide monitoring mechanism
to assess the number, locations and... more

Cyprus Up to 212,400 As of Mar. 2014

The figure is the number of people registered as IDPs by the
government of the Republic... more

Democratic Republic of the Congo At Least 2,551,200 As of Jun. 2014

Internal displacement in DRC reached a peak of 3,400,000 in
2008. The sources for the data... more

Eritrea Up to 10,000

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

According to the Government and UN agencies, all camp-based
IDPs had resettled or... more

Ethiopia 316,000 As of Dec. 2013

This figure is based upon estimates gathered by the
International Organization for Migration and its partners
(316,090... more

Georgia Up to 211,600 As of May 2014

The estimate is a composite of figures reported by the
government of Georgia, UNHCR, and the... more

Guatemala 242,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement At the end of
2007 the government had not agreed on criteria... more

India At Least 531,000 As of May 2014

There is no central government agency mandated to gather
data on internal displacement caused by armed... more

Indonesia At Least 84,000 As of Aug. 2014

This estimate is based on data obtained from various
sources, including government agencies, international NGOs,
UN agencies... more

Iraq At Least 2,800,000 As of 08 Sep. 2014

IDMC based its figures on estimates published by the United
Nations (UN), including the Office for... more

Israel - No recent figure available

Indeed, neither the Israeli government nor the UN has put
forward any estimates or considers that... more

Kenya 412,000 As of Jan. 2013

No comprehensive and up-to-date national data on
displacement is available for Kenya, as the country has... more

Kosovo At Least 17,300 As of May 2014

IDMC’s estimate is based on figures provided by UNHCR,
which is the only organisation that monitors... more

Lao People's Democratic Republic Up to 4,500 As of May 2014

The main source for the current number of IDPs in Laos is
Amnesty International (AI) which... more

Lebanon At Least 20,000 As of May 2014

Lebanon has been the place of habitual residence of
Palestinian refugees and their descendants since 1948.... more

Liberia Up to 23,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

The figures below date to May 2007 at the time of the... more

Libya At Least 80,200 As of May 2014

This figure includes 59,400 IDPs still in displacement at
the end of December 2013 following the... more

Mali 128,866 As of Jul. 2014

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

The number of IDPs is now estimated to be 254,822 by the
Commission of Population... more

Mexico 160,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

Figures include protracted displacement from the Zapatista
uprising in 1994, and displacement due... more

Myanmar Up to 643,000 As of Jul. 2014

Displacement caused by conflict and violence

The total number is the sum of available numbers of... more

Nepal 50,000 As of Dec. 2013

IDMC estimates that  up to 50,000 people were internally
displaced by armed conflict as of December... more

Niger Up to 11,000 As of Dec. 2007

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

Since the conflict between the Nigerien government and
Tuareg groups intensified in 2007... more

Nigeria 3,300,000 As of Mar. 2014

This figure includes people displaced since 2010 by the
brutal attacks by the Islamist armed group... more

Pakistan At Least 1,150,000 As of Jun. 2014

An estimated five million people have been displaced in the
north-west of the country since 2004.... more

Palestine At Least 268,000 As of 08 Sep. 2014

This figure includes Palestinians who were displaced within
the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East... more

Peru 150,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement Ministry of Women
and Social Development plans to include an estimated 150,000
IDPs... more

Philippines 95,000 As of Aug. 2014

The majority, or 86 per cent, were displaced prior to
January 2014, mainly as a result... more

Russian Federation At Least 34,900 As of May 2014

This figure includes IDPs who fled both Chechen wars
(1994-1996 and 1999-2000), as well as those... more

Senegal Up to 24,000 As of Feb. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

Compiled from various figures available. There have been no
reliable estimates of the... more

Serbia 97,000 As of May 2014

IDMC’s estimate is taken from a profiling assessment
conducted in 2011 by the Serbian Commissioner for... more

Somalia 1,100,000 As of Mar. 2014

About 893,000 IDPs live in south-central Somalia (an
estimated 369,000 IDPs in settlements in and around
Mogadishu),... more

South Sudan 1,308,900 As of Sep. 2014

Prior to the crisis, around 189,000 people were newly
displaced in South Sudan in 2013, and... more

Sri Lanka Up to 90,000 As of May. 2014

 This estimate is based on UNHCR’s last available monthly
compilation of government statistics, which covers the... more

Sudan At Least 2,890,000 As of Jun. 2014

Neither the figure for Sudan nor South Sudan includes IDPs
from the Abyei Area as its... more

Syria At Least 6,500,000 As of May 2014

More recent reliable figures were not available. This
represents an increase of 3.5 million IDPs in... more

Thailand Up to 35,000 As of Apr. 2014

IDMC’s estimate is based on a report by the International
Crisis Group (ICG, 23 October 2007,... more

Timor-Leste At Least 900 As of Apr. 2014

IDMC’s estimate is based on figures published by the
United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)... more

Togo Up to 1,500 As of Nov. 2006

 more

Turkey At Least 954,000 As of May 2014

The figure is based on a 2006 study commissioned by the
government and carried out by... more

Turkmenistan At Least 4,000 As of May 2014

Precise figures of IDPs are not available. The government
does not acknowledge internal displacement or allow
independent... more

Uganda Up to 29,800 As of Jan. 2012

The source of this figure is UNHCR
(UNHCR[http://www.unhcr.org/4f06e2a79.html], 6 January
2012). At the end of 2011, UNHCR... more

Ukraine At Least 230,000 As of Aug. 2014

IDPs have fled from two distinct areas: over 15,700 have
fled Crimea, while over 214,600 have... more

Uzbekistan At Least 3,400 As of May 2014

Due to the authoritarian nature of the political system in
Uzbekistan, the activities of international and... more

Yemen 321,300 As of May. 2014

IDMC bases its estimate on figure made available by the UN
Agency for the Coordination of... more

Zimbabwe 36,000 As of Dec. 2013

This is based on the figure made public in 2009 by the
United Nations Office for... more

 

Disaster-induced displacement

Note on figures

The figures below are estimates of the number of people newly displaced by disasters related to both weather-related and geophysical hazard events over the course of a year, including floods, storms, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and wildfires. Slower-onset type events such as droughts, as well as technological hazards (such as nuclear or industrial accidents) and biological hazards (such as epidemics) are not included. IDMC’s disaster-related displacement data for each year from 2008 to 2012 covers 124 countries, but many more countries are likely to have disaster displacement events that have not been captured in identified reports.

IDMC's methodology draws on a range of sources including national and local authorities, UN, International Organisation for Migration and other international organisations, the International Federation Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), regional and national databases recording disaster loss and damage, insurance companies and the media. Due to major gaps in available data, IDMC is not in a position to publish global figures for the number of people displaced by disasters living in prolonged or protracted situations from year to year. IDMC and its partners, together with the governments concerned, are continuing to build knowledge to address gaps in data through monitoring and research.

Please see the methodology used by IDMC further described in the latest report on Global Estimates 2012: People displaced by disasters

Latest IDP estimates per country

* IDMC data as of 30 April 2013

 

Countries Newly Displaced 2012 Newly Displaced During 2008-2012
Afghanistan 29,519 146,354
Albania 150
Algeria 3,100
Angola 6,361 430,291
Antigua and Barbuda 2,000
Argentina 2,000 2,635
Australia 16,000 34,700
Azerbaijan 36,000 67,865
Bahamas 4,292
Bangladesh 650,788 2,998,788
Belize 3,430
Benin 10,292 544,807
Bhutan 20,000
Bolivia, Plurinational State of 9,000 121,025
Botswana 867
Brazil 35,000 1,465,533
Bulgaria 2,100 2,100
Burkina Faso 183,100
Burundi 12,264
Cambodia 311,505
Cameroon 30,000 38,215
Central African Republic 17,570 36,980
Chad 500,000 593,147
Chile 7,300 2,133,340
China 5,730,800 49,782,145
Colombia 71,200 3,289,172
Comoros 11,000 11,000
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 23,000 151,955
Costa Rica 2,000 30,178
Cote d'Ivoire 10,000
Cuba 351,730 391,497
Dominica 96
Dominican Republic 43,383 74,861
Ecuador 4,796 25,546
Egypt 3,000
El Salvador 24,940
Ethiopia 20,118 174,718
Fiji 27,062 60,207
France 9,500
French Polynesia/ France 3,500
Gabon 1,606 2,406
Gambia 7,745 35,825
Ghana 122,770
Greece 325
Guatemala 63,679 290,306
Guinea 4,520
Guinea-Bissau 6,565
Guyana 800
Haiti 85,900 1,910,494
Honduras 133,700
India 9,110,000 23,774,525
Indonesia 103,831 2,478,704
Iran, Islamic Republic of 50,000 53,500
Iraq 6,300
Italy 16,850 91,850
Jamaica 2,000 2,000
Japan 308,000 1,285,500
Kazakhstan 5,113 19,113
Kenya 97,626 360,339
Kiribati 2,000
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North) 232,000 284,500
Korea, Republic of (South) 5,540
Kyrgyzstan 4,485
Lao People's Democratic Republic 88,370
Lesotho 8,360
Liberia 5,060
Madagascar 267,911 377,809
Malawi 6,182 51,522
Malaysia 22,000 111,000
Mali 9,000 36,710
Mauritania 5,000
Mexico 6,500 1,830,216
Moldova, Republic of 20
Mongolia 21,560
Montenegro 800 2,150
Morocco 581 15,831
Mozambique 10,000 640,328
Myanmar 73,840 1,852,985
Namibia 400 126,425
Nepal 600 373,676
New Zealand 450 3,000
Nicaragua 3,000 92,928
Niger 540,000 792,961
Nigeria 6,111,580 6,817,880
Pakistan 1,856,570 14,990,525
Palau 151 151
Palestinian Territory, Occupied 1,200 1,700
Panama 3,400 3,800
Papua New Guinea 75,000 191,486
Paraguay 2,000
Peru 183,951 322,673
Philippines 3,858,596 12,342,896
Poland 30,000
Romania 200
Russian Federation 31,875 58,325
Rwanda 3,225 26,643
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 100
Samoa 7,739 13,013
Saudi Arabia 10,000
Senegal 20,000 293,442
Serbia 4,470
Solomon Islands 1,047 8,897
Somalia 28,000 53,200
South Africa 2,000 80,172
South Sudan 340,000 340,000
Spain 22,000 37,000
Sri Lanka 129,092 1,578,148
Sudan 84,000 237,500
Taiwan, Province of China 6,000 30,950
Tajikistan 6,390 8,399
Tanzania, United Republic of 10,000 52,369
Thailand 3,400 3,234,255
Togo 58,000
Tonga 400 400
Turkey 275,200
Uganda 216 33,216
Ukraine 1,000
United Kingdom 300 300
United States 900,932 977,595
Vanuatu 700 1,100
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of 1,000 105,213
Viet Nam 15,000 1,079,331
Yemen 35,000
Zambia 70,150