Global figures

IDMC’s global IDP figures presented below are based on its monitoring of internal displacement caused by conflict, generalised violence, human rights violations and natural hazard-induced disasters. It should be noted that these figures do not include all IDP situations by other causes, such as development projects. Furthermore, while the figures have been presented separately here, our analysis shows that conflict, disasters and resulting displacement have multiple and often overlapping root causes and impacts. Over half of the countries affected by conflict since 1970 were also affected by disaster-induced displacement in the last five years alone. This is an important consideration for those tasked with policy-making, protection and assistance.

Please note: The figures for conflict displacement are cumulative, taking into account both new and ongoing displacement situations and IDP returns where possible. The estimates for disaster-related displacement represent the number of people newly displaced by disasters over the course of each year. For further information on the methodology behind these figures please refer to the latest versions of our annual reports: Global Overview 2014: people internally displaced by conflict and violence, and Global Estimates 2014: People internally displaced by disasters.

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

IDP and refugee numbers, 1989 to present

* IDP data: IDMC, USCR, Refugee data: UNHCR, UNRWA

Note on figures

The figures below are based on IDMC’s monitoring and analysis of information available from a range of sources on internal displacement caused by armed conflict, situations of generalised violence or violations of human rights. Disaggregated data showing the location and size of internally displaced populations, and their breakdown by age and sex, is only available in a few countries. Reports on return or other settlement options are more incomplete.

IDMC seeks and compiles information from national governments, UN and other international organisations, national and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs), human rights organisations and the media, and it also carries out field missions to a number of countries every year.

Situations of armed conflict include international armed conflict, and internal armed conflict. Generalised violence refers to disturbances within the country which are characterised by a serious disruption of order resulting from acts of violence such as riots, struggles between factions or against the authorities, or inter-communal violence.

Human rights violations encompass failures by any state or, where applicable, relevant non-state actors, to respect their obligations under international human rights law.

For more information, download IDMC's Global Overview 2014: people internally displaced by conflict and violence

Latest IDP numbers by country

 

Countries Number of IDPs Conflict related IDPs:
Figures analysis
Afghanistan At Least 667,200 As of Apr. 2014

IDMC's estimate is based on figures provided by
Afghanistan’s National IDP Task Force, led by UNHCR... more

Algeria - No recent figure available

According to media reports, an estimated 1.5 million people
were internally displaced during the course of... more

Armenia Up to 8,400 As of Aug. 2014

A profiling exercise led by NRC in 2005 found that 65,000
families were displaced during the... more

Azerbaijan Up to 543,400 As of May 2014

The number of people registered as internally displaced by
conflict by the State Committee for Refugees... more

Bangladesh Up to 280,000 As of May. 2014

Information available on the number of IDPs in Bangladesh
due to internal conflict between a non-state... more

Bosnia and Herzegovina 84,500 As of Oct. 2013

The figure is based on the 2005 country-wide re-registration
of IDPs in BiH by the Ministry... more

Burundi Up to 78,900 As of Dec. 2013

IDMC’s figures are based on estimates provided by the UN
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian... more

Central African Republic At Least 410,000 As of Oct. 2014

This is a two-fold increase on the earlier peaks of 197,000
people displaced in 2007, and... more

Chad Up to 90,000 As of Nov. 2013

Between 2006 and 2008, 181,000 people were displaced by
armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence and attacks by
criminal... more

Colombia 5,700,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

As part of the 2011 Victim's Law, the Colombian government
introduced a... more

Congo Up to 7,800 As of Oct. 2009

IDMC bases its estimates on the Republic of Congo’s own
government estimate, which was published in... more

Côte d'Ivoire At Least 70,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

There is no comprehensive countrywide monitoring mechanism
to assess the number, locations and... more

Cyprus Up to 212,400 As of Mar. 2014

The figure is the number of people registered as IDPs by the
government of the Republic... more

Democratic Republic of the Congo At Least 2,551,200 As of Jun. 2014

Internal displacement in DRC reached a peak of 3,400,000 in
2008.



The source for the data collected... more

Eritrea Up to 10,000

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

According to the Government and UN agencies, all camp-based
IDPs had resettled or... more

Ethiopia 316,000 As of Dec. 2013

This figure is based upon estimates gathered by the
International Organization for Migration and its partners
(316,090... more

Georgia Up to 211,600 As of May 2014

The estimate is a composite of figures reported by the
government of Georgia, UNHCR, and the... more

Guatemala 242,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement At the end of
2007 the government had not agreed on criteria... more

India At Least 531,000 As of May 2014

There is no central government agency mandated to gather
data on internal displacement caused by armed... more

Indonesia At Least 84,000 As of Aug. 2014

This estimate is based on data obtained from various
sources, including government agencies, international NGOs,
UN agencies... more

Iraq At Least 2,914,000 As of 21 Oct. 2014

IDMC based its figures on estimates published by the UN,
including OCHA,UNHCR, the UN Assistance Mission... more

Israel - No recent figure available

Indeed, neither the Israeli government nor the UN has put
forward any estimates or considers that... more

Kenya 412,000 As of Jan. 2013

No comprehensive and up-to-date national data on
displacement is available for Kenya, as the country has... more

Kosovo At Least 17,300 As of May 2014

IDMC’s estimate is based on figures provided by UNHCR,
which is the only organisation that monitors... more

Lao People's Democratic Republic Up to 4,500 As of May 2014

The main source for the current number of IDPs in Laos is
Amnesty International (AI) which... more

Lebanon At Least 20,000 As of May 2014

Lebanon has been the place of habitual residence of
Palestinian refugees and their descendants since 1948.... more

Liberia Up to 23,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

The figures below date to May 2007 at the time of the... more

Libya At Least 227,000 As of Sep. 2014

IDMC bases its figures on estimates and information provided
by the UN, including OCHA, UNHCR and... more

Mali 101,279 As of Aug. 2014

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

The number of IDPs is now estimated to be 254,822 by the
Commission of Population... more

Mexico 160,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

Figures include protracted displacement from the Zapatista
uprising in 1994, and displacement due... more

Myanmar Up to 643,000 As of Jul. 2014

Displacement caused by conflict and violence

The total number is the sum of available numbers of... more

Nepal 50,000 As of Dec. 2013

IDMC estimates that  up to 50,000 people were internally
displaced by armed conflict as of December... more

Niger Up to 11,000 As of Dec. 2007

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

Since the conflict between the Nigerien government and
Tuareg groups intensified in 2007... more

Nigeria 3,300,000 As of Mar. 2014

This figure includes people displaced since 2010 by the
brutal attacks by the Islamist armed group... more

Pakistan At Least 1,150,000 As of Jun. 2014

An estimated five million people have been displaced in the
north-west of the country since 2004.... more

Palestine At Least 243,000 As of 23 Oct. 2014

 This figure includes Palestinians who were displaced
within the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East... more

Peru 150,000 As of Dec. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement Ministry of Women
and Social Development plans to include an estimated 150,000
IDPs... more

Philippines 95,000 As of Aug. 2014

The majority, or 86 per cent, were displaced prior to
January 2014, mainly as a result... more

Russian Federation At Least 34,900 As of May 2014

This figure includes IDPs who fled both Chechen wars
(1994-1996 and 1999-2000), as well as those... more

Senegal Up to 24,000 As of Feb. 2013

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

Compiled from various figures available. There have been no
reliable estimates of the... more

Serbia 97,000 As of May 2014

IDMC’s estimate is taken from a profiling assessment
conducted in 2011 by the Serbian Commissioner for... more

Somalia 1,100,000 As of Mar. 2014

About 893,000 IDPs live in south-central Somalia (an
estimated 369,000 IDPs in settlements in and around
Mogadishu),... more

South Sudan 1,428,800 As of Oct. 2014

Prior to the crisis, around 189,000 people were newly
displaced in South Sudan in 2013, and... more

Sri Lanka Up to 90,000 As of May. 2014

 This estimate is based on UNHCR’s last available monthly
compilation of government statistics, which covers the... more

Sudan At Least 2,890,000 As of Jun. 2014

Neither the figure for Sudan nor South Sudan includes IDPs
from the Abyei Area as its... more

Syria At Least 6,500,000 As of May 2014

More recent reliable figures were not available. This
represents an increase of 3.5 million IDPs in... more

Thailand Up to 35,000 As of Apr. 2014

IDMC’s estimate is based on a report by the International
Crisis Group (ICG, 23 October 2007,... more

Timor-Leste At Least 900 As of Apr. 2014

IDMC’s estimate is based on figures published by the
United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)... more

Togo Up to 1,500 As of Nov. 2006

 more

Turkey At Least 954,000 As of May 2014

The figure is based on a 2006 study commissioned by the
government and carried out by... more

Turkmenistan At Least 4,000 As of May 2014

Precise figures of IDPs are not available. The government
does not acknowledge internal displacement or allow
independent... more

Uganda Up to 29,800 As of Jan. 2012

The source of this figure is UNHCR
(UNHCR[http://www.unhcr.org/4f06e2a79.html], 6 January
2012). At the end of 2011, UNHCR... more

Ukraine At Least 417,000 As of Oct. 2014

IDPs have fled from two areas of Ukraine: over 19,000 have
fled Crimea, while over 398,000... more

Uzbekistan At Least 3,400 As of May 2014

Due to the authoritarian nature of the political system in
Uzbekistan, the activities of international and... more

Yemen 334,600 As of Jul. 2014

IDMC bases its estimate on figure made available by the UN
Agency for the Coordination of... more

Zimbabwe 36,000 As of Dec. 2013

This is based on the figure made public in 2009 by the
United Nations Office for... more

 

Disaster-induced displacement

Source: IDMC estimates as of 09 October 2014 (rounded figures)

About IDMC’s global data

For the purpose of providing global statistics on the occurrence of displacement by disasters IDMC provides best estimates of the total number of people displaced from their homes by specific events or disasters in all countries where reported information is available and identified. Using a consistently applied methodology, IDMC’s database includes estimates for the period from 2008 to 2013 covering 161 countries. These estimates are related to disasters triggered by both weather-related and geophysical hazard events, such as floods, storms, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and wildfires.

IDMC's estimates draw on a wide range of secondary sources of information including national and local authorities, the International Federation Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, United Nations agencies, the International Organisation for Migration and other international organisations, regional and national disaster loss databases, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the media. All information used is publicly available or access has been provided to IDMC free of charge, with thanks to our data sources and partners.

Displacement related to slower-onset type hazards such as drought, as well as technological hazards (such as nuclear or industrial accidents) and biological hazards (such as epidemics) is not included in these global estimates for methodological reasons. It is also important to note that these figures do not capture the duration of peoples’ displacement, their return home or relocation elsewhere, patterns of movement after initial flight, or people caught in prolonged or protracted situations from year to year.

For further explanation of the methodology used by IDMC please see Box 1.1, Key terms and concepts (p.13-14) and Annex A (p.49-54) in our latest annual report, Global Estimates 2014: People displaced by disasters.

Please note: The Global Estimates 2014 report, published on 17 September 2014, is based on IDMC data as of 22 August 2014. Our data is subject to revision and updating based on ongoing monitoring, research and feedback. The production of global estimates for the current year is ongoing.

The latest version of our global data is now available to download and includes:

  1. Estimates for new displacement per disaster or event recorded as having started in 2013.
  2. Annual total new displacement per country for each year from 2008 to 2013

Your feedback is welcome and requests for guidance in the use and interpretation of the data are encouraged. Please contact us at globalestimates@nrc.ch

Total new displacement per country in 2013

* All countries with 50,000 people or more displaced. IDMC data as of 09 October 2014

 

Country Newly Displaced 2013
Philippines 7,227,969
China 5,924,143
India 2,142,271
Bangladesh 1,159,829
Vietnam 1,040,561
Japan 639,082
Indonesia 427,422
Pakistan 371,535
Sri Lanka 324,236
Sudan 319,746
Myanmar 223,000
Niger 200,961
United States 189,805
Mozambique 185,897
Kenya 180,282
Mexico 158,330
Cambodia 144,496
Chad 133,163
Canada 120,240
Nigeria 117,420
South Sudan 115,783
Brazil 83,255
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North) 82,000
Somalia 63,100
Ethiopia 61,486
Germany 52,549