Global figures

IDMC’s global IDP figures presented below are based on its monitoring of internal displacement caused by conflict, generalised violence, human rights violations and natural hazard-induced disasters. It should be noted that these figures do not include all IDP situations by other causes, such as development projects. Furthermore, while the figures have been presented separately here, our analysis shows that conflict, disasters and resulting displacement have multiple and often overlapping root causes and impacts. Over half of the countries affected by conflict since 1970 were also affected by disaster-induced displacement in the last five years alone. This is an important consideration for those tasked with policy-making, protection and assistance.

Please note: The figures for conflict displacement are cumulative, taking into account both new and ongoing displacement situations and IDP returns where possible. The estimates for disaster-related displacement represent the number of people newly displaced by disasters over the course of each year. For further information on the methodology behind these figures please refer to the latest versions of our annual reports: Global Overview 2015: people internally displaced by conflict and violence, and Global Estimates 2015: People internally displaced by disasters.

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

IDP and refugee numbers, 1989 to present

* IDP data: IDMC, USCR, Refugee data: UNHCR, UNRWA

Note on figures

The figures below are based on IDMC’s monitoring and analysis of information available from a range of sources on internal displacement caused by armed conflict, situations of generalised violence or violations of human rights. Disaggregated data showing the location and size of internally displaced populations, and their breakdown by age and sex, is only available in a few countries. Reports on return or other settlement options are more incomplete.

IDMC seeks and compiles information from national governments, UN and other international organisations, national and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs), human rights organisations and the media, and it also carries out field missions to a number of countries every year.

Situations of armed conflict include international armed conflict, and internal armed conflict. Generalised violence refers to disturbances within the country which are characterised by a serious disruption of order resulting from acts of violence such as riots, struggles between factions or against the authorities, or inter-communal violence.

Human rights violations encompass failures by any state or, where applicable, relevant non-state actors, to respect their obligations under international human rights law.

For more information, download IDMC's Global Overview 2015: people internally displaced by conflict and violence

The latest version of the conflict and violence-induced displacement data is now available to download:

Your feedback is welcome and requests for guidance in the use and interpretation of the data are encouraged. Please contact us at

Latest IDP numbers by country


Countries Number of IDPs Conflict related IDPs:
Figures analysis
Afghanistan At Least 847,872 As of Jul. 2015

The figure includes around 103,000 people newly displaced in
the first six months of 2015, among... more

Algeria - No recent figure available

According to media reports, an estimated 1.5 million people
were internally displaced during the course of... more

Armenia Up to 8,400 As of May 2015

A profiling exercise led by NRC in 2005 found that 65,000
families were displaced during the... more

Azerbaijan Up to 568,892 As of Dec. 2014

The number of people registered as internally displaced by
conflict by the State Committee for Refugees... more

Bangladesh At Least 431,000 As of Jan. 2015

The number of people newly displaced in 2014 is unknown.
There are two large groups of... more

Bosnia and Herzegovina 100,400 As of Dec. 2014

The government is the sole source of IDP figures in the
country. All information is recorded... more

Burundi At Least 79,200 As of Aug. 2015

IDMC’s figures for protracted displacement are based on
estimates provided by the UN Office for the... more

Central African Republic 369,500 As of August. 2015

IDMC’s figures are based upon estimates published by the
United Nations (UN), including figures provided by... more

Chad Up to 111,500 As of Aug. 2015

This is based on reports published by OCHA and the Italian
NGO ALISEI and includes IDPs... more

Colombia 6,044,200 As of Dec. 2014

IDMC’s figure on IDPs is based on estimates provided by
the government’s Integral Reparation and Assistance... more

Congo Up to 7,800 As of Oct. 2014

IDMC bases its estimates on the Republic of Congo’s own
government estimate, which was published in... more

Côte d'Ivoire At Least 300,000 As of Feb. 2015

As many as 1.1 million people fled their homes during the
2002 to 2007 civil war,... more

Cyprus Up to 212,400 As of Feb. 2015

The figure is the number of people registered as IDPs by the
government of the Republic... more

Democratic Republic of the Congo At Least 2,857,400 As of Mar. 2015

Internal displacement in DRC reached a peak of 3,400,000 in

The source for the data collected... more

Eritrea Up to 10,000

Conflict and violence-induced displacement

According to the Government and UN agencies, all camp-based
IDPs had resettled or... more

Ethiopia 413,400 As of Jul. 2015

This figure is based upon estimates gathered by the
International Organization for Migration and its partners
and... more

Georgia Up to 269,500 As of Apr. 2016

The estimate is a composite of figures reported by the
government of Georgia, UNHCR, and the... more

Guatemala At Least 248,500 As of Dec. 2014

This figure includes 242,000 IDPs who were displaced during
the civil conflict. This specific number is... more

Honduras At Least 174,000 As of Dec. 2015*

*These are preliminary estimates that will be subject to
review in the context of the finalisation... more

India At Least 616,140 As of April 2015

Conflict-induced displacement

IDMC’s estimate is compiled from various sources including
national NGOs, civil society organisations, media reports,
and... more

Indonesia At Least 31,140 As of Jul. 2015

This estimate is based on data obtained from various
sources, including government agencies, international NGOs,
UN agencies... more

Iraq At Least 3,300,000 As of 31 Dec. 2015*

*These are preliminary estimates that will be subject to
review in the context of the finalisation... more

Israel - No recent figure available

Indeed, neither the Israeli government nor the UN has put
forward any estimates or considers that... more

Kenya 309,200 As of Fev. 2015

This is the most recent informed estimate available for the
11 February 2015). In the absence... more

Kosovo At Least 17,100 As of July 2015

IDMC’s estimate is based on figures provided by UNHCR,
which is the only organisation that monitors... more

Lao People's Democratic Republic Up to 4,500 As of Feb. 2015

The main source for the current number of IDPs in Laos is
Amnesty International (AI) which... more

Lebanon At Least 19,719 As of Dec. 2014

Lebanon has been the place of habitual residence of
Palestinian refugees and their descendants since 1948.... more

Liberia Up to 23,000 As of Dec. 2014

Many of the 500,000-600,000 people who fled the violence
during Liberia’s fourteen year civil war sought... more

Libya At Least 434,000 As of Jul. 2015

IDMC bases its figures on estimates and information provided
by the UN, including OCHA, UNHCR and... more

Mali 61,621 As of Dec. 2014

Cities in the country’s south host 32,038 IDPs, with the
majority in Bamako (14,386), Koulikoro (10,456)... more

Mexico At Least 281,400 As of Dec. 2014

This figure is the compilation of several displacement
events across the country that forced people to... more

Myanmar Up to 662,400 As of Mar. 2015

Among them, 146,500 were in Rakhine state; 98,400 in Kachin
and northern Shan states; 3,300 in... more

Nepal Up to 50,000 As of Feb. 2015

The figure does not include people displaced by separatist
and criminal violence in the central Terai... more

Niger Up to 50,000 As of Apr. 2014

Boko Haram attacks into southern Nigerien territories,
notably those in early February 2015 on Bosso and... more

Nigeria Almost 2,152,000 As of 31 Dec. 2015*

*These are preliminary estimates that will be subject to
review in the context of the finalisation... more

Pakistan At Least 1,800,000 As of July 2015

IDPs are mainly concentrated in the country’s
north-western Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province and Federally
Administered Tribal Areas... more

Palestine At Least 263,500 As of Jul. 2015

This figure includes Palestinians who were displaced within
the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East... more

Papua New Guinea At Least 7,500 as of Dec. 2014

IDMC’s estimate is based on figures collected among
various stakeholders met during a mission to PNG... more

Peru At Least 150,000 As of 2004

This figure is based on the last available official
government figure from 2007, but according to... more

Philippines At Least 119,000 As of May 2015

Data collection challenges

The estimate for the number of people currently displaced is
mainly based on figures... more

Russian Federation At Least 25,378 As of Jan.2015

This figure includes IDPs who fled both Chechen wars
(1994-1996 and 1999-2000), as well as those... more

Senegal Up to 24,000 As of Dec. 2014

At the peak of violence between the Senegalese army and the
separatist Movement of Democratic Forces... more

Serbia 97,300 As of May 2015

IDMC’s estimate is taken from a profiling assessment
conducted in 2011 by the Serbian Commissioner for... more

Somalia 1,107,000 As of Dec. 2014

About 893,000 IDPs live in south-central Somalia (an
estimated 369,000 IDPs in settlements in and around
Mogadishu),... more

South Sudan At Least 1,690,000 As of 31 Dec. 2015*

*These are preliminary estimates that will be subject to
review in the context of the finalisation... more

Sri Lanka Up to 73,700 As of Jul. 2015

They originate from the Northern and Eastern Provinces and
live in the districts of Jaffna, Kilinochchi,... more

Sudan Up to 3,100,000 As of Jan. 2015

The total number of IDPs in Sudan has decreased
significantly from a peak of around five... more

Syria At Least 6,600,000 As of Dec. 2015*

*These are preliminary estimates that will be subject to
review in the context of the finalisation... more

Thailand Up to 35,000 As of Apr. 2015

IDMC’s estimate is based on a report by the International
Crisis Group
23 October 2007, p.19). According... more

Timor-Leste At Least 900 As of Feb. 2015

IDMC’s estimate is based on figures published by the
United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)... more

Togo Up to 1,500 As of Nov. 2006

While the majority of the 10,000-12,000 people internally
displaced by the political crisis that erupted in... more

Turkey At Least 954,000 As of May 2014

The figure is based on a 2006 study commissioned by the
government and carried out by... more

Turkmenistan At Least 4,000 As of May 2015

Precise figures of IDPs are not available. The government
does not acknowledge internal displacement or allow
independent... more

Uganda 29,800 As of May. 2015

The source of this figure is UNHCR
(UNHCR[], 6 January
2012). At the end of 2011, UNHCR... more

Ukraine At Least 1,431,800 As of August 2015

IDPs in Ukraine have fled Crimea and eastern Ukraine.  The
IDMC estimate of 1,476,226 internally displaced... more

Uzbekistan At Least 3,400 As of May 2014

Due to the authoritarian nature of the political system in
Uzbekistan, the activities of international and... more

Yemen At Least 2,500,000 As of 31 Dec. 2015*

*These are preliminary estimates that will be subject to
review in the context of the finalisation... more

Zimbabwe 36,000 As of May 2015

This is based on the figure made public in 2009 by the
United Nations Office for... more


Disaster-induced displacement

Geophysical related disasters Weather related disasters

Source: IDMC estimates as of 01 June 2015 (rounded figures)

About IDMC’s global data

For the purpose of providing global statistics on the occurrence of displacement by disasters IDMC provides best estimates of the total number of people displaced from their homes by specific events or disasters in all countries where reported information is available and identified. Using a consistently applied methodology, IDMC’s database includes estimates for the period from 2008 to 2014 covering 173 countries. These estimates are related to disasters triggered by both weather-related and geophysical hazard events, such as floods, storms, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and wildfires.

IDMC's estimates draw on a wide range of secondary sources of information including national and local authorities, the International Federation Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, United Nations agencies, the International Organisation for Migration and other international organisations, regional and national disaster loss databases, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the media. All information used is publicly available or access has been provided to IDMC free of charge, with thanks to our data sources and partners.

Displacement related to the more indirect impacts of hazards such as drought and gradual environmental degradation, as well as technological hazards (such as nuclear or industrial accidents) and biological hazards (such as epidemics) is not included in these global estimates for methodological reasons. It is also important to note that these figures do not capture the duration of peoples’ displacement, their return home or relocation elsewhere, patterns of movement after initial flight, or people caught in prolonged or protracted situations from year to year.

For further explanation of the methodology used by IDMC please see Annex A.1 in our latest annual report, Global Estimates 2015: People displaced by disasters.

Please note: The Global Estimates 2015 report, published on 20 July 2015, is based on IDMC data as of 1 June 2015. Our data is subject to revision and updating based on ongoing monitoring, research and feedback. The production of global estimates for the current year is ongoing.

The latest version of our global data is now available to download and includes:

  1. Estimates for new displacement per disaster or event recorded as having started in 2014.
  2. Annual total new displacement per country for each year from 2008 to 2014

Your feedback is welcome and requests for guidance in the use and interpretation of the data are encouraged. Please contact us at