Internal Displacement Update
Issue 6: 17 - 30 November 2016

Issue 6 map
Feature

Syria

Affected areas

Aleppo, Al-Raqqa, Hama and Idlib governorates

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

More than 47,000 displacements between 31 October and 15 November

Context

More than 47,000 people were displaced by ongoing conflict in northern Syria between 31 October and 15 November: 33,000 from Idlib, 8,900 from Aleppo, 4,600 from Hama and 1,400 from Al-Raqqa. Some people may have been displaced more than once (CCCM Cluster, 28 November 2016).
Stephen O’Brien, the UN under-secretary general for humanitarian affairs, expressed extreme concern at the "terrifying" situation in Aleppo city. "For the sake of humanity, we call on, we plead, with the parties, and those with influence, to do everything in their power to protect civilians and enable access to the besieged part of eastern Aleppo before it becomes one giant graveyard" (UNSG Humanitarian Affairs, 30 November 2016).
O'Brien also drew attention to the plight of people elsewhere. "While the world is watching events in Aleppo, another 700,000 people are in other besieged areas across the country, mostly in Rural Damascus surrounded by government forces. In these areas – as in eastern Aleppo – there is no protection and little access to life-saving items. People in these besieged areas are trapped, terrified and running out of time. I ask all parties to the conflict to restore basic humanity in Syria. I call on them to lift sieges, ensure that they do not target civilians and civilian infrastructure, and that they allow humanitarian organisations safe and unimpeded access to bring life-saving help to those displaced or under siege. I remind the parties that any evacuation of civilians must be safe, voluntary and in accordance with international humanitarian law and human rights law. It is also imperative that all those displaced are allowed to return voluntarily, in safety and in dignity, to their homes as soon as the situation allows it" (OCHA, 29 November 2016).

East Asia and Pacific

Myanmar

Affected areas

Shan and Rakhine states

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

More than 2,600 new displacements, as many as 500 cross-border displacements, between 17 and 24 November

Context

In Shan state in eastern Myanmar, near the border with China, more than 2,600 people were evacuated to four monasteries and a church after armed groups attacked military outposts and police stations in the towns of Muse and Kutkai and a trading area on 20 November (Ministry of Information, 22 November 2016).
In the west of the country, as many as 500 Rohingya people already displaced in Rakhine state by clashes on 9 October crossed into Bangladesh on 21 November. The Myanmar government returned some displaced people to their homes (Thomson Reuters, 21 November 2016). In the week ending 24 November, Bangladeshi border guards detained and forcibly returned hundreds of Rohingya to Myanmar. Access restrictions have hampered the delivery of aid to displaced people (Amnesty, 24 November 2016).

The Philippines

Affected areas

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

More than 12,000 new displacements between 26 and 29 November

Context

More than 2,400 families, or 12,000 people, were evacuated in Butig municipality, Lanao del Sur province in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao between 26 and 29 November. Of the total, 2,000 families, or 10,000 people, took refuge with friends and relatives, while 400 families, or 2,000 people, fled to three evacuation centres (DSWD, 29 November 2016). The displacements came after the Maute armed group occupied Butig on 26 November and the armed forces launched an offensive to retake it the next day (ABS-CBN, 27 November 2016).

The Philippines

Affected areas

Mimaropa, Western, Central and Eastern Visayas, Negros island and Caraga regions

Cause of displacement

Disaster (Tropical storm)

Figures

More than 18,000 new displacements between 24 and 29 November

Context

About 3,800 families, or more than 18,000 people, were displaced from their homes in the regions of Mimaropa, Western, Central and Eastern Visayas, Negros island and Caraga ahead of and following tropical storm Tokage (local name, Marce), which made landfall on 24 November. Five days later, more than 700 families, or more than 3,400 people, were still sheltering in 52 evacuation centres and 80 displaced families, or 400 people, were staying with friends and relatives (DSWD, 29 November 2016).

Latin America and the Caribbean

Dominican Republic

Affected areas

Monte Cristi, Puerto Plata, Duarte and other provinces

Cause of displacement

Disaster (Flood)

Figures

Nearly 44,000 displacements between 1 and 21 November

Context

Nearly 44,000 people were staying with host families or in shelters as of 20 November, at the peak of the displacement caused by floods which affected the country in the first three weeks of November. The provinces of Monte Cristi, Puerto Plata and Duarte were particularly badly affected (Centro de Emergencias, 20 November 2016).

Hurricane Otto

Affected areas

Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama

Cause of displacement

Disaster (Tropical cyclone)

Figures

More than 20,000 new displacements between 24 and 29 November

Context

More than 20,000 people were evacuated to shelters in Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Panama because of Hurricane Otto, a category two storm and the last of the Atlantic hurricane season, which made landfall on 24 November.
In Costa Rica, more than 7,800 people were evacuated into 24 shelters (OCHA, 25 November 2016). As of 29 November, more than 3,300 were still there (OCHA, 29 November 2016). 
Nicaragua’s southern provinces of Caribe Sur, Río San Juan, Rivas and Zelaya Central were worst affected, with more than 12,000 people evacuated into 152 shelters (OCHA 29 November 2016). As of 29 November, more than 200 were still there (OCHA 29 November 2016). 
In Panama, about 600 people were evacuated into eight shelters (OCHA, 25 November 2016).

Middle East and North Africa

Iraq

Affected areas

Mosul city and Kirkuk governorate

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

About 76,000 new displacements from Mosul between 17 October and 30 November; new and repeated displacements of 430 families (approximately 2,600 people) in Kirkuk governorate between 21 October and 29 November

Context

About 76,000 people fled Mosul between 17 October and 30 November because fighting between the Iraqi army and Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) (IOM, 30 November 2016).
Many people have fled Mosul and its surrounding areas, but significant numbers have remained by choice or force in their homes while conflict takes place in their village or neighbourhood. Those left behind are primarily older or ill people, and those looking after assets including livestock (Reach, 25 November 2016).
The spokesperson for the UN high commissioner for human rights expressed concern at “reports of ISIL shooting at fleeing civilians, including one report from 22 November of an ISIL sniper killing a seven-year-old child who was running towards the Iraqi security forces in Adan neighbourhood in eastern Mosul” (OHCHR, 29 November 2016).
In Kirkuk governorate, about 430 families (approximately 2,600 people) were forced to flee and their homes were demolished between 21 October and 29 November in apparent revenge for an ISIL attack. Some were ordered to return to their places of origin or confined to camps. Many had earlier fled fighting and insecurity in nearby governorates and had sought safety in Kirkuk (Amnesty, 29 November 2016).

Israel

Affected areas

Haifa, Jerusalem and Northern districts

Cause of displacement

Disaster (Forest fires)

Figures

More than 75,000 new displacements between 23 and 25 November

Context

More than 75,000 people were evacuated from their homes for up to up to three days in Haifa, Jerusalem and Northern districts between 23 and 25 November because of forest fires (ECHO, 25 November 2016). The fires were fuelled by dry conditions and fanned by strong winds. Some fires may have been lit deliberately or the result of negligence (New York Times, 24 November 2016).

South Asia

Afghanistan

Affected areas

Herat, Kandahar, Nangarhar, and Nimroz provinces

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

More than 10,000 returns from Pakistan and Iran between 20 and 26 November

Context

More than 4,000 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan between 20 and 26 November through Kandahar and Nangarhar provinces. The total number of such returnees from Pakistan between 1 January and 26 November is now 237,000.
More than 6,000 returned from Iran through Herat and Nimroz provinces during the same period, bringing the total from Iran in 2016 to 406,000 (IOM, 20-26 November 2016).

Pakistan

Affected areas

Azad Jammu and Kashmir state

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

More than 8,000 new displacements in mid-November

Context

Pakistani officials evacuated about 8,000 people in Azad Jammu and Kashmir in mid-November. Other people left of their own accord as tensions between Pakistan and India rose (CNN, 23 November 2016).

Sub-Saharan Africa

Central African Republic

Affected areas

Bria, Haute Kotto prefecture

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

As many as 11,000 new displacements between 21 and 25 November

Context

As many as 11,000 people from the town of Bria in Haute Kotto prefecture fled clashes between armed groups on 21 November. The UN special adviser on the prevention of genocide expressed deep concern over the new outbreak of violence in which civilians were targeted based on their ethnicity or religion (UN, 25 November 2016). As of 23 November, about 6,000 people including 4,000 children were staying at the UN mission’s base and about 5,000 at Bria airstrip. The security situation has restricted the provision of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, 25 November 2016).
“Since September 2016, new conflicts have erupted in many locations leading to hundreds of civilian casualties and the new displacement of tens of thousands of people. One in ten Central African Republic (CAR) citizens remains a refugee, the majority in neighbouring Cameroon. However, of the close to one million people who were displaced within the country in early 2014, almost half have returned home. In this regard, [humanitarian coordinator] Fabrizio Hochschild underscored that ‘humanitarian efforts are critical to stabilise the country while its pressing development, political and security needs are addressed’” (OCHA, 28 November 2016).

South Sudan

Affected areas

Central, Eastern and Western Equatoria and Wau states

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

At least 242,000 new displacements between August and October

Context

About 72,000 people were displaced Equatoria between July and November following insecurity and sporadic fighting, with Juba and Yei counties being the worst affected. Equatoria, 112,000 people were displaced between August and October following insecurity and clashes in Budi, Ikotos, Kapoeta South, Lafon, Magwi and Torit About 58,000 people were displaced in Western Equatoria between August and October, with the number of displaced people growing from 66,000 to more than 124,000. Hundreds more fled fighting in Li-Rangu and Yambio in Western Equatoria state on 10 and 19 November, with people taking refuge in the compound of an NGO, a church or the bush. An unknown number of people fled their homes after fighting erupted in Ezo, also in Western Equatoria, on 8 November (OCHA, 21 November 2016).

Notes The terminology, names and designations used in this update and the material in links do not imply any opinion on the part of IDMC.
Displacement figures reported here are indicative only and have been rounded to the nearest 100 (if the total is less than 10,000) or 1,000 (if the figure is 10,000 or larger). For IDMC-validated and peer-reviewed figures, read our Global Report on Internal Displacement here.