Internal Displacement Update
Issue 19: 1 - 14 June 2017

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Feature

Philippines

Affected areas

Mindanao: Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur (ARMM), Maguindanao (ARMM), North Cotabato, Sarangani, Sultan Kudarat, Zamboanga del Norte provinces

Cause of displacement

Conflict, Disaster

Figures

More than 35,000 new disaster displacements between 3 and 6 June; as many as 389,000 new conflict displacements between 23 May and 14 June; about 2,400 returns between 3 and 13 June

Context

More than 35,000 people were displaced by flooding in Mindanao between 3 and 6 June, including as many as 24,000 people from Midsayap in North Cotabato province and about 11,000 in Lambayong, Sultan Kudarat province. All evacuees were staying outside of evacuation centres as of 3 June (DROMIC, 3 June 2017; InterAksyon, 6 June 2017).

As many as 337,000 people fled conflict and violence between 23 May and 14 June in Marawi, Lanao del Sur province in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The majority of the displaced, about 310,000 people, fled from 95 barangays (districts) within Marawi city, others from districts in Marantao municipality. About 17,000 people were staying in evacuation centres as of 14 June, the rest with relatives or friends spread across Mindanao’s six regions (DROMIC, 14 June 2017). Clashes between the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and insurgents aligned with the Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL) centred on downtown precincts and built-up neighbourhoods as fighting reached its fourth week on 12 June. As many as 600 civilians were reportedly trapped, or under hostage, in the besieged city as of 13 June (Al Jazeera, 13 June 2017).

As many as 49,000 people were displaced by conflict between 5 and 14 June from six municipalities in Maguindanao province in ARMM. More than 29,000 people were sheltered in 27 evacuation centres as fighting continued between AFP and unidentified armed men on 14 June (DROMIC, 14 June 2017).

About 1,100 people displaced by clashes on 31 May in Davao City, Davao del Sur province, between the AFP and New People’s Army (NPA, an armed wing of the Philippines’ Communist Party) returned to their homes by 3 June (DROMIC, 8 June 2017).

About 1,000 people displaced by conflict in Sirawai, Zamboanga del Norte, on 30 May, had returned home by 6 June. The fighting between military groups and armed individuals drove affected residents to the Sirawi Town Plaza, where they spent a night before moving to an evacuation centre until 6 June. (DROMIC, 6 June 2017)

About 300 people displaced by threats of violence in Sarangani province on 3 June had returned home by 13 June. The threats came from unidentified armed individuals, who said they would kill the barangay leaders should they not be provided rice. People returned home when the AFP declared the area safe on 13 June (DROMIC, 13 June 2017).

East Asia and Pacific

China

Affected areas

Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang provinces

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

More than 146,000 new disaster displacements between 3 and 14 June

Context

More than 36,000 people were evacuated from Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan provinces between 3 and 7 June, due to heavy rain and flooding that affected southern parts of China (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 5 June 2017; Ministry of Civil Affairs, 7 June 2017).

About 2,500 people were evacuated in Shaanxi province between 5 and 7 June following heavy rainfall, thunderstorms, high winds and hail that affected the northwest of the country (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 8 June 2017).

About 1,100 people were evacuated in southwest China’s Guizhou province between 10 and 12 June following heavy rain that lashed 16 counties, inundated farmland and damaged housing (Xinhua, 12 June 2017).

More than 100,000 people were evacuated between 12 and 13 June after Typhoon Merbok made landfall in Shenzhen city in Guangdong province, bringing torrential rain to southwestern China (Xinhua, 13 June 2017).

More than 6,500 people were evacuated in Anhui, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangxi and Zhejiang provinces between 12 and 14 June because of heavy rain followed by flooding (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 14 June 2017).

Myanmar

Affected areas

Kachin, Rakhine states

Cause of displacement

Conflict, Disaster

Figures

As many as 500 new conflict displacements between 3 and 12 June; about 22,000 new and secondary disaster displacements between 30 May and 2 June

Context

As many as 500 people fled to Tanai town from three villages in Kachin State between 3 and 12 June, following clashes between the military and the Kachin Independence Army. An additional unidentified number of domestic migrants workers fled the area, which draws in labourers for its gold and amber mines, and returned to their villages of origin in other parts of the country. An unconfirmed number of civilians were blocked from leaving the area due to active fighting (OCHA, 12 June 2017; Radio Free Asia, 7 June 2017).

As many as 22,000 people were displaced by strong winds and heavy rainfall from Cyclone Mora, which made landfall on 30 May and destroyed about 4,700 houses. In Rakhine state (DVB, 2 June 2017) about 1,000 houses were destroyed in Maungdaw township alone. In existing IDP camps, strong winds destroyed hundreds of shelters, as well as latrines and temporary learning spaces in Sittwe and Pauktaw townships (IFRC, 1 June 2017; UNHCR, 2 June 2017).

Middle East and North Africa

Iraq

Affected areas

Nineveh province

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

54,000 new conflict displacements between 3 and 10 June; about 177,000 returns between 17 October 2016 and 30 May 2017

Context

About 11,000 people arrived between 3 and 4 June in Hammam Alil screening site for displaced people, 20 kilometres south of Mosul. Most fled neighbourhoods close to the Old City in northwest Mosul where fighting continues. As many as 43,000 people were displaced from west Mosul and surrounding districts between 6 and 10 June as clashes intensified (UNHCR, 11 June 2017; UNHCR, 8 June 2017; UNHCR, 4 June 2017).

Those newly displaced from areas controlled by ISIS report growing food shortages and hunger, saying they were faced with the choice “to flee or face starvation”. In the chaos, families are increasingly being torn apart, including as they board separate buses to Iraqi-controlled territory. The situation is worsened by “the scarcity of mobile phones among escapees. In ISIL-controlled areas, using a phone can be punishable by death” (VOA, 2 June 2017).

As many as 806,000 people were displaced from Mosul city between 17 October 2016 and 4 June 2017. About 177,000 had returned to the city by 30 May 2017 (OCHA, 4 June 2017).

Syria

Affected areas

Raqqa governorate

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

About 117,000 new conflict displacements between 1 May and 8 June

Context

About 102,000 people were displaced by conflict in Raqqa governorate between 1 May and 5 June, bringing the new and secondary displacements in the region to about 170,000 since 1 April. About 15,000 people fled an intensification of air operations, shelling and urban warfare in areas east of Raqqa city, when the Syrian Democratic Forces announced the start of a new operation to take Raqqa on 6 June. Almost half of these people had returned by 8 June, while others waited for the situation to improve from nearby villages and farms. The situation remains highly fluid with displacements and returns reported on a daily basis (OCHA, 10 June 2017; UNHCR, 8 June 2017).

South Asia

Afghanistan

Affected areas

Farah, Kunduz, Nangarhar provinces

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

As many as 18,000 new conflict displacements between 4 and 10 June; about 1,100 cross border returns from Pakistan, and more than 4,400 cross border returns from Iran between 4 and 10 June

Context

About 3,500 in Khwajasabzposh district in Faryab province and about 7,000 people from Emamsaheb district in Kunduz province fled conflict between 4 and 10 June. As many as 7,000 people were displaced from Pachieragam district in Nangarhar province by violence between non-state armed groups during the same period (OCHA, 10 June 2017).

More than 5,500 undocumented Afghans returned to the country between 4 and 10 June, counting about 1,100 across the border from Pakistan, and more than 4,400 from Iran. This brings the number of undocumented Afghan returns to Afghanistan between 1 January and 10 June to about 150,000 from Iran, and about 68,000 from Pakistan (IOM, 10 June 2017).

Sub-Saharan Africa

Cameroon

Affected areas

Far North region

Cause of displacement

Conflict and violence

Figures

More than 150 secondary displacements between 5 and 13 June

Context

More than 150 people were secondarily displaced from an IDP camp in the city of Kolofata between 2 and 3 June because of suicide attacks in the camps on 2 June which killed at least 8 people, and fears of further violence. About 70 people sought refuge in Kolfata central mosque. Kolfata city, home to both internally displaced people and refugees fleeing attacks by Boko Haram militants, falls into the Mayo-Sava division of the Far North region, bordering Nigeria. The 2 June attack is the first directed at an IDP site, with similar incidents having previously targeted refugee camps for foreign nationals escaping Boko Haram. Hundreds of internally displaced people in northern Cameroon are reportedly leaving camps near the Nigerian border, saying they no longer feel safe (ECHO, 3 June 2017; VOA, 5 June 2017; VOA, 13 June 2017).

Central African Republic

Affected areas

Basse Kotto, Mbomou, Ouham Pendé prefectures

Cause of displacement

Conflict and violence

Figures

More than 4,300 new displacements between 8 May and 11 June

Context
Mbomou

About 1,000 people fled towards a catholic church and islands on the Mbomou river in Ouango sub-prefecture between 30 May and 5 June due to insecurity affecting Mbomou prefecture.

An unidentified number of people fled confrontations between armed groups and international forces in Bangassou, Mbomou prefecture, between 8 and 11 June. Some of the newly displaced grouped into three new IDP camps, while others crossed the Mbomou river towards the Democratic  Republic of the Congo. An unknown number of people fled into the bush from the towns of Nzacko and Bamara in Mbomou prefecture between 6 and 10 June due to attacks by armed groups (OCHA, 5 June 2017OCHA, 11 June 2017).

Ouham Pendé

An unidentified number of people were temporarily displaced in Ngaoundaye town, Ouham Pendé prefecture, between 30 May and 5 June, because of violence between armed groups and the presence of armed men in the town’s vicinity from 29 may (OCHA, 5 June 2017).

Basse Kotto

As many as 1,200 people (240 households) arrived at a catholic run IDP camp in Alindao, Basse Kotto prefecture, between 8 May and 11 June. An unidentified number were newly displaced by insecurity in the villages of Karama and Pavica, while others were returning to the site having fled Alindao into the bush at an earlier time. This brings the total number of IDPs in this specific camp to about 13,000. In addition, as many as 2,100 people (527 IDP households) were living in host families in Alindao on 10 June, most Muslims who fled violence in other neighbourhoods of Alindao and surrounding villages between 8 May and 11 June (OCHA, 11 June 2017).

Nigeria

Affected areas

Borno state

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

About 1,200 new displacements between 29 May and 4 June; about 500 new displacements between 6 and 12 June; more than 12,000 cross-border returns from Cameroon between 1 May and 3 June

Context

About 1,200 people (238 households) fled the Damboa area of Borno state, northeastern Nigeria, between 29 May and 4 June because of fear of attacks. Of these, about 950 people arrived in Chibok area from Kaya and Kwamdi villages; and about 270 people arrived at Shuwari host community in Damboa town from Kwamd (ETT, 6 June 2017).

About 500 people (218 households) were displaced from Dikwa area between 6 and 12 June due to military operations in the area. About 35 people (6 households) fled their village in the Magumeri area between 6 and 12 of June because of an attack by unidentified insurgents and the stealing of their livestock and personal belongings (ETT, 12 June 2017).

More than 12,000 people returned to northeast Nigeria from Cameroon between 1 May and 3 June, to areas affected by the Boko Haram insurgency. The returns come as food rations were cut by 25 percent for refugees in Cameroon. Those returning are adding to the overcrowded displacement camps of Pulka and Banki, which host 24,000 and 42,000 people respectively. Neither are equipped to accommodate such large numbers and lack basic services, sufficient water, food, sanitation and emergency shelters. Getting assistance to the displacement camps is complicated by the volatile security situation in the region (ECHO, 3 June 2017).

Somalia

Affected areas

Country-wide

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

As many as 46,000 new dis-placements and about 7,700 returns between 1 and 31 May

Context

As many as 46,000 people were displaced by drought between 1 and 31 May, representing a considerable decrease from previous months. This decline is connected to widespread rains in the second half of May that have on the one hand improved the humanitarian situation, and on the other restricted movement due to poor road conditions, especially in South and Central Somalia. Other communities in areas affected by drought were impeded from moving towards assistance in urban areas because livestock had grown so weak they could not be moved, nor resold for the purposes of paying for transport tickets.

About 7,700 people returned to their areas of origin in May 2017 marking the first significant numbers of returns to regions affected by drought. Of those IDPs who returned, 85 percent were within the Bay region, and more than 90 percent were within a distance of 100km from home. Many cited planting as the primary pull factor for their return.

As many as 739,000 displacements were recorded across Somalia between November 2016 and 31 May 2017, of which more than 480,000 (65 per cent) were under the age of 18 (UNHCR, 9 June 2017).

South Sudan

Affected areas

Jonglei and Terekeka states

Cause of displacement

Violence

Figures

More than 1,400 people were newly displaced between early May and 12 June

Context

More than 1,400 fled intercommunal clashes and insecurity between early May and 12 June in Terekeka state. Of the newly displaced, an unknown number sought shelter on the islands of Gemeiza, Khorshomba, Kanya-wai, Gulubach, Gori, Yeki, Malang and Legger, within Terekeka state. An unidentified number of people were staying out in the open on Mangala North and Gemeiza Islands by 23 May. About 1,400 people, mainly women and children, were sheltered in an overcrowded school building in Malek on 18 May. Displaced people reported insecurity and fear of further attacks as their reason to remain in collective sites and the bushes (OCHA, 12 June 2017).

Notes For the purposes of this update, refugee and IDP returns do not imply the achievement of a durable solution. The terminology, names and designations used in this update and the material in links do not imply any opinion on the part of IDMC.
Displacement figures reported here are indicative only and have been rounded to the nearest 10 (if the figure is less than 999), 100 (if the figure is less than 10,000) or 1,000 (if the figure is 10,000 or larger).
The IDU gives priority to displacement flows that occurred or were reported in stated period. However, due to reliance on third party sources, certain entries may include information that refers to an earlier reporting period. For the purposes of this update, refugee and IDP returns do not imply the achievement of a durable solution. For IDMC-validated and peer-reviewed figures, read our Global Report on Internal Displacement.