Internal Displacement Update
Issue 21: 29 June - 12 July 2017

Issue 21 map
Feature

China

Affected areas

Country-wide

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

More than 1.8 million new disaster displacements between 22 June and 12 July

Context
South Central and Southwest China

More than 1.6 million people were evacuated across Hunan Province in South Central China from 22 June to 10 July during record-breaking rains that triggered flash floods and landslides. Flood levels in Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, exceeded the four month average expected for June to September combined. Dozens of people were swept away by the flood waters, which destroyed infrastructure and crops, and caused up to $1.22 billion in direct economic loss (Xinhua, 9 July 2017Nation, 10 July 2017; AlJazeera, 4 July 2017).

About 6,900 people were evacuated from the Southwest provinces of Guizhou and Sichuan, and about 100 people in Tibet between 28 and 30 June following heavy rainfall and flooding (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 30 June 2017).

As many as 176,000 people were evacuated in South Central China between 1 to 5 July due to flooding, including about 169,000 in Guangxi province and about 7,000 in Guangdong province (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 5 July 2017). In the week that followed, more than 9,500 people were evacuated from the provinces of Hubei, Guangxi, Guizhou and Yunnan following flooding between 8 and 12 July (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 12 July 2017). Over the same period, about 500 people were evacuated in Tibet because of heavy rainfall (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 12 July 2017). An additional 3,400 people were evacuated between 4 and 7 July because of thunderstorms, heavy rain and winds in Sichuan and Henan provinces (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 7 July 2017).

North and Northwest China

More than 3,600 people were evacuated in Beijing and Hebei provinces between 6 and 10 July because of a storm surge that brought strong rainfall (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 10 July 2017). About 200 people were evacuated in parts of Xinjiang province from 2 to 4 July because of heavy rain, thunderstorms and high winds (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 4 July 2017). An additional 100 people were evacuated from Shaanxi province between 4 and 7 July due to similar weather conditions (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 7 July 2017).

East China

More than 1,000 people were evacuated between 3 and 7 July due to strong winds and heavy rainfall, including about 700 people from Anhui province, 200 people from Jiangsu province and 100 people from Zhejiang province (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 6 July 2017; Ministry of Civil Affairs, 7 July 2017). As many as 3,800 people were evacuated following flooding in Jiangxi between 8 and 12 July. An additional 200 people were evacuated over the same period due to flooding in Jiangsu (Ministry of Civil Affairs, 12 July 2017).

 

East Asia and Pacific

Philippines

Affected areas

Lanao del Sur (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao) and Leyte (Region VIII)

Cause of displacement

Conflict, Disaster

Figures

As many as 88,000 new conflict displacements between 27 June and 12 July; more than 10,000 new disaster displacements between 6 and 8 July

Context

As many as 88,000 people fled armed conflict in Marawi city in Lanao del Sur province, ARMM, between 27 June and 12 July, as the Armed Forces of the Philippines continued to clash with Maute insurgents and fighters associated with the Islamic State in Iraq and Levant (ISIL). This brings the total number of people newly displaced by conflict in Marawi to about 472,000 between 23 May and 12 July (DROMIC, 12 July 2017).

About 9,200 people were displaced between 6 and 8 July following a 6.5 magnitude earthquake southwest of Tacloban city in Leyte province, Region VIII (ASEAN, 6 July 2017; DROMIC, 8 July 2017). An additional 900 people were displaced from Hiluktugan in Carigara town between 6 and 8 July, following landslides that were triggered by the earthquake (Rappler, 8 July 2017).

Middle East and North Africa

Iraq

Affected areas

Nineveh governorate

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

About 4,500 new conflict displacements between 29 June and 11 July

Context

About 4,500 people fled Mosul between 29 June and 11 July due to fighting between the Iraqi army and ISIL (IOM live dashboard, 11 July 2017).

On 9 July, nearly nine months after the launch of military operations to retake Mosul city, the Iraqi Prime Minister announced the liberation of Mosul. The operation has destroyed nearly 500 buildings in the Old City and damaged thousands more, also in areas around the airport and the 17 July neighbourhood. The damage is far greater than expected and is likely to require billions of dollars of rehabilitation (UNHCR, 9 July 2017). It is also likely to keep those displaced from the city from returning for many months. 

“I really would like to go back to my hometown in Mosul, at the same time, I will not go back when there is nothing. I have to make sure that there is safety, public services and job opportunities first, then I will go back,” Mohamed, an IDP from west Mosul who fled 50 kilometres outside of the city to Hammam al-Alil, told NRC. Before return is possible, basic services such as water, electricity, schools and hospitals will need to be rebuilt or repaired and the area cleared for explosive remnants and mines (NRC 9 July 2017; UNHCR, 10 July 2017).

North America

Canada

Affected areas

British Columbia

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

As least 14,000 new disaster displacements between 4 and 12 July

Context

More than 14,000 people were evacuated across British Columbia between 4 and 12 July because of wildfires, many sparked by lightning (CBC News, 11 July 2017).

United States

Affected areas

Arizona and California states

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

More than 14,000 new displacements between 24 June to 7 July

Context

More than 4,000 people were evacuated from South Oroville and Kelly Ridge in the State of California, between 7 and 10 July because of wildfires that started on 7 July  (FEMA, 10 July 2017). More than 10,000 people were evacuated from Goodwin in the State of California, between 23 June and 30 June because of wildfires that started on 7 July (FEMA, 10 July 2017).

South Asia

Afghanistan

Affected areas

Country-wide

Cause of displacement

Conflict, Disaster

Figures

As many as 23,000 new conflict displacements between 3 and 9 July; about 140 new disaster displacements between 8 and 9 July; about 9,600 cross border returns from Iran, and 2,100 from Pakistan between 2 and 8 July

Context

As many as 23,000 people were newly displaced by conflict between 3 and 9 July in central, northern, northeastern and eastern parts of the country. Of those displaced, most remained within their province of origin, including about 14,000 people who fled fighting around Kunduz into the city’s centre; 1,400 who were displaced within Nangarhar province; 2,400 people within Balkh province; and some 800 people within Kunar province. Others were displaced further afield, including about 3,000 people who arrived in Kabul and about 1,000 in Parwan province having fled armed clashes in the provinces of Baghlan, Kapisa, Kunduz and Nangarhar. As many as 140 people were displaced between the 8 and 9 July following flash floods in Shaki district, Badakhshan province, which destroyed up to 20 houses and killed three people (OCHA, 9 July  2017; Pajhwok, 9 July, 2017).

More than 9,600 Afghans returned from Iran between 2 and 8 July. About 2,100 Afghans returned from Pakistan over the same period, an eightfold increase on the preceding week (OCHA, 9 July  2017).

Bangladesh

Affected areas

Chittagong and Sylhet divisions

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

About 8,400 new disaster displacements between 11 June and 5 July

Context

More than 8,400 people (2,000 families) were evacuated to shelters following heavy seasonal rains and flooding in the divisions of Chittagong and Sylhet  between 11 June and 5 July (Floodlist, 13 June 2017; Firstpost, 5 July  2017). The monsoon season, only in its second month, has seen the evacuation of hundreds of villages to higher grounds, the erosion of agricultural lands and infrastructure and the forced closure of hundreds of educational institutes (Firstpost, 5 July  2017).

India

Affected areas

Assam state

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

More than 40,000 new disaster displacements between 29 June and 10 July

Context

More than 40,000 people were evacuated following floods in Assam state between 29 June and 10 July (ASDMA, flood reports repository). The floods, which began in May, caused the Brahmaputra river to breach its banks, submerging more than 2,500 villages, destroying cropland and infrastructure, and inundating 75 per cent of Kaziranga National Park, a world heritage site. As many as 31,000 people were being housed in camps opened by the government by 12 July (NDTV, 12 July 2017).

Pakistan

Affected areas

Azad Jammu and Kashmir (LoC)

Cause of displacement

Conflict, Displacement

Figures

About 3,000 new conflict displacements between 27 June and 11 July; about 1,000 disaster displacements between 29 and 30 June

Context

About 3,000 people fled their villages in Abbaspur sector over the two week period of 27 June to 11 July, because of heavy shelling by Indian troops. The valley, which lies close to the military line of control demarcated by India and Pakistan, has been destabilised by protests and clashes since the death of a young militant over a year ago (Dawn, 11 July 2017).

About 1,000 people were evacuated between 29 and 30 June following flooding in Chitral district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Flash floods resulting from monsoon rains continued to affect the province as of 10 July (ECHO, 29 June 2017OCHA, 10 July 2017).

Sub-Saharan Africa

Central African Republic

Affected areas

Haute Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Mbomou, Ouham, Ouham Pende, Nana Mambere, Nana Gribizi prefectures

Cause of displacement

Conflict

Figures

As many as 24,000 new conflict displacements between 11 June and 5 July; about 1,500 returns in June; as many as 9,000 secondary displacements between 1 and 5 July

Context

As many as 20,000 people fled new episodes of violence in Zemio, Haute Mbomou prefecture, between 28 June and 4 July. Of those displaced from Zemio, about 4,000 people sought refuge at a health centre, and about 5,000 at the Catholic mission. The remaining six to eleven thousand people sought shelter in different sites around the town, and some crossed into the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo. Zemio has been relatively quiet over the past few years and the violence, which began with shootings on 28 June, took inhabitants and humanitarian organisations by relative surprise. Inhabitants were left with no time to gather personal belongings and the few humanitarian workers stationed in the area were limited in their capacity to respond to the crisis (MSF, 4 July 2017; Reuters, 12 July 2017).

The last few months have been marked by the multiplication of clashes between armed groups particularly in the east of the country. About 3,200 people fled threats of attacks in Bangassou, Mbomou prefecture, between 11 and 15 June. Another 115 people were displaced between 15 and 17 June in Boguila, Ouham prefecture, due to attacks by armed groups that began in May (CMP, 5 July 2017). In the west of the country, about 950 IDPs returned to Bocaranga in Ouham Pende around 15 June due to improvements in the security situation. Another 520 people returned to their villages in Bouar and Baboua in Nana Mambere prefecture in June (CMP, 5 July 2017).

A peace agreement was reached by the government and 13 of the country’s 14 non-state armed groups on 19 June, however it was breached within just hours of signing. Between 20 June and 5 July, about 300 people were displaced in Bria, Haute Kotto province, due to clashes between armed groups in several villages in the area. Most of the city’s residents, up to 41,000 people, remain displaced as of 5 July, having fled Bria following violent clashes in May (CMP, 5 July 2017; OCHA, 5 July 2017; NRC, 10 July 2017).

More than 9,000 IDPs had returned to displacement sites near the UN base (MINISCU) in Kaga Bandora, Nana Gribizi prefecture by 5 July, having been secondarily displaced by clashes between UN peacekeepers and armed groups on 1 July. The premises of humanitarian organisations were looted and most organisations have suspended their operations and relocated staff close to Bangui  (ECHO, 4 July 2017CMP, 5 July 2017).

Somalia

Affected areas

Country-wide

Cause of displacement

Disaster

Figures

22,000 new displacements between 1 and 23 June 2017; 9,800 returns between 1 June and 23 June

Context

More than 22,000 people were displaced between 1 and 23 June because of drought, most within the Bay area. This brings the total number of drought related displacements to 761,000, between November 2016 and 30 June 2017 (UNHCR, 30 June 2017).

As many as 9,800 IDPs returned to their places of origin in the Bay area between 1 and 23 June, most to villages within Baidoa district. With the Gu’ rainy season having begun, returns to the Bay and Bakool regions are driven by the resumption of cereal and crop production activities. Many of the areas of return fall under Al Shabaab control and remain insecure. Returnees may face similar conditions from which they fled, as well as heightened protection risks owing to diminished humanitarian presence in the areas controlled by the militant group (UNHCR, 30 June 2017).

Notes For the purposes of this update, refugee and IDP returns do not imply the achievement of a durable solution. The terminology, names and designations used in this update and the material in links do not imply any opinion on the part of IDMC.
Displacement figures reported here are indicative only and have been rounded to the nearest 10 (if the figure is less than 999), 100 (if the figure is less than 10,000) or 1,000 (if the figure is 10,000 or larger).
The IDU gives priority to displacement flows that occurred or were reported in stated period. However, due to reliance on third party sources, certain entries may include information that refers to an earlier reporting period. For the purposes of this update, refugee and IDP returns do not imply the achievement of a durable solution. For IDMC-validated and peer-reviewed figures, read our Global Report on Internal Displacement.