South Sudan

At least 12,000 people were displaced in mid to late November by conflict in Leer, Mayendit and Koch counties to a civilian protection site in Bentiu in Unity state, bringing the total number of displaced people at the site to 120,000, the highest number since January 2016. Congestion and lack of shelter are challenges. Most new arrivals are hosted by relatives in existing shelters; however, increasingly people are starting to arrive with no existing social networks and seek shelter in communal facilities (CCCM Cluster, 10 December 2016). In Unity state, violence and food insecurity have displaced 534,000 people (OCHA, 6 December 2016).

Nearly five months after fighting erupted in Juba, violence in the Greater Equatoria region continues to displace people within the region and to neighbouring countries, with an average of 2,500 South Sudanese arriving in Uganda each day in November. More than 405,000 South Sudanese have fled to Uganda since the beginning of 2016. An unknown number of people returned to South Sudan from Uganda. More than 1,800 South Sudanese reached Uganda through the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC is hosting more than 60,000 South Sudanese, most of them new arrivals, and there have been reports of movement of people from Eastern Equatoria towards Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya via Kapoeta, Narus and Nadapal.

The causes of displacement are extreme violence including ethnically motivated killings, rape and sexual abuse, forced recruitment of boys and men, attacks on property and livestock, hunger, lack of access to basic services and the cost of living.

There are now about 1.87 million internally displaced people in South Sudan (OCHA, 6 December 2016).

Displacement, economic decline and conflict are worsening people’s ability to access HIV healthcare and treatment for sexual violence, and increasing the likelihood of sex work, transactional sex and sexual violence, particularly at armed checkpoints or while gathering firewood (OCHA, 6 December 2016).