Almost 2.2 million people remain displaced in all 22 governorates across Yemen, more than 90 per cent for more than 10 months. “Many of the Yemenis who have been displaced by the conflict are living in public buildings or makeshift camps, many without access to basic facilities such as toilets and washrooms” (Norwegian Refugee Council, 13 December 2016).

Norwegian Refugee Council Secretary General Jan Egeland said, “Unless the conflict is ended and the deep economic crisis reversed, the new year will see an entire nation slide further into a black hole of despair. The figures for 2016 are shocking, and there is a risk that further deterioration of the situation in 2017 will result in famine across Yemen. We must put an end to this man-made disaster that shames us all.” Egeland called for restrictions on aid to be lifted (Norwegian Refugee Council, 13 December 2016).

An estimated 52 per cent of internally displaced people are female, of whom 30 per cent are women and 22 per cent girls, with many of the women the main providers in their households. They face an increased risk of sexual and gender-based violence including child marriage (OCHA, 14 December 2016).

“Food is the major need for Yemen’s internally displaced followed only by water, sanitation and shelter, evidencing mounting challenges to basic survival” (UNHCR, 14 December 2016).