About 2,000 people fled their homes in five provinces between 1 and 8 January due to conflict. Constrained humanitarian access hindered verification of the full level of displacement (OCHA, 22 January 2017). People fled fighting by ISIL, the Taliban and government forces, which are battling for control of territory (IRIN, 10 January 2017).

About 9,000 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran and Pakistan between 15 and 21 January. The total number of such returnees from Pakistan between 1 January 2016 and 21 January 2017 is now 253,000. The number of returnees from Iran during the same period is 469,000 (IOM, 23 January 2017).