Internal displacement takes place in a multitude of contexts.
Main triggers of displacement include armed conflicts, situations of generalized violence, human rights violations, sudden onset disasters and slow onset disasters. Development investments, such as large infrastructure or urban renewal projects, can also cause displacement and human rights violations at a large scale.
In addition to the triggers there are a range of structural conditions and underlying drivers of displacement: poverty and inequality, fragile and weak governance, rapid urbanisation, climate change and environmental degradation are some of these.
Internal displacement can be caused by multiple and overlapping factors. In such contexts it can be even more difficult to unpack the root causes of displacement and find solutions to it.
What we see in reality is that often there is an inextricable accumulation or sequence of different drivers and factors that trigger displacement and a single cause cannot be assigned anymore.
For the purpose of our monitoring, we divide the main contexts of internal displacement in three areas: