The Kampala Convention is an historic milestone. The first of its kind in the world, the Kampala Convention is a regional instrument that binds governments to provide legal protection for the rights and well-being of those forced to flee inside their home countries due to conflict, violence, natural disasters, and other human rights abuses.
Video: The Secretary General of NRC, Jan Egeland, on the importance of the Kampala Convention
The Kampala Convention in Brief:
- Reaffirms that national authorities have the primary responsibility to provide assistance to internally displaced people (IDPs)
- Comprehensively addresses different causes of internal displacement: conflict, generalised violence, human-caused or natural disasters, and development projects, like building dams or clearing land for large-scale agriculture.
- Recognises the critical role that civil society organisations, and the communities which take them in, play in assisting IDPs and obliges governments to assess the needs and vulnerabilities of the forcibly displaced, and communities which take them in, in order to address the plight of people uprooted within their borders
- Was adopted by the African Union and currently legally binds 19 African countries to prevent displacement, assist those who have been forced to leave their homes, and find safe and sustainable solutions to help people to rebuild their lives.
- Over 2/3's of African Union member states have demonstrated their commitment to the convention by signing it, but are not yet legally obliged by its contents.
About Internal Displacement in Africa:
Africa is home to almost 1/3 of the world's IDPs, with 10.4 million people displaced by conflict and violence
Further to this, in 2012 a further 8.5 million people were displaced by sudden onset natural disasters such as floods and storms