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Lebanon IDP Figures Analysis

IDMC estimates that at least 19,719 Palestinian refugees are displaced from Nahr-el-Bared camp in Lebanon as of May 2014

 

Lebanon has been the place of habitual residence of Palestinian refugees and their descendants since 1948. For them, internal displacement is related to their decades-long place of abode, namely Lebanon.

This figure is based on information provided to IDMC by the United Nations Relief and Work Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).

According to UNRWA, 7,353 residents of the Palestinian refugees camp Nahr el Bared returned to their homes, in Tripoli as of December 2014. However, as UNRWA previously reported that 27,072 Palestinians refugees and residents were displaced during the conflict that opposed the Lebanese army to Fath-al-Islam militants in 2007, IDMC estimates that 21,319 people are still internally displaced today.

Information on Palestinian refugees in Lebanon is based on UNRWA registration and assistance delivery data. Data on temporary IDPs in 2014 are based on aid distributions and only captures those with the most pressing needs.

Several thousands were temporarily internally displaced in 2014 in Tripoli and in Arsal, in the north east of the country, as a result of tensions and recurrent fighting in Lebanon due to the Syrian conflict which brought over 1.3 million registered Syrian refugees. ICRC reported in April that it had assisted 5,600 IDPs from Tripoli (ICRC , April 2014), while UNHCR reported more than 2000 IDPs in Arsal, including Syrian refugees (UNHCR, August 2014). Those IDPs went back home shortly after the clashes ended.

Previous internal displacement resulting from the 1975-1990 civil war and from the Israeli military operations in 2006 has effectively ended. The reconstruction of Haret Hreik (a southern suburb of Beirut) in 2012 allowed the remaining IDPs to move back in and reach durable solutions, while internal displacement resulting from the Lebanese civil war effectively ended with the return to Brih village in the Shouf Mountains of the last remaining IDPs.

IDMC uses only the most credible accurate information available. Notwithstanding the caveats and limitations of the source information described above, IDMC believes this to be the best data and is grateful to the partners for sharing it.