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IDMC

Burundi: Secure tenure and land access still challenges for long-term IDPs

Up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) were living in mid-2011 in settlements in the north and centre of Burundi. They had been displaced by inter-ethnic and inter-communal violence which broke out after a 1993 coup d’état and the fighting between government forces and rebel groups which followed.

18 August 2011 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Long-term IDPs need land security

The security situation in Burundi improved markedly after the last rebel group in the country laid down its arms at the end of 2008, and no new conflict-induced displacement was reported in 2009. However, up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in sites in northern and central Burundi. Most of them, displaced in the 1990s or early 2000s following inter-ethnic violence and fighting between the government and rebel groups, have integrated in the neighbouring towns and villages they fled to, and the majority reportedly wish to remain in these sites.

01 October 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Internally displaced Burundians should not be forgotten during the peacebuilding process

Despite a marked improvement in the security situation in Burundi in recent years, some 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in settlements throughout the country, in addition to an unknown number living with host families. Many IDPs seem to have to a large extent integrated into the communities of neighbouring towns and villages, but there is little information on their situation, their needs or their aspirations.

01 May 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Long-term IDPs still wait for durable solutions despite improved security

Despite a marked improvement in the security situation in Burundi, some 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in limbo in settlements throughout the country, in addition to an unknown number living with host families. There is little information on the situation of long-term IDPs or on their needs.

23 February 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Still no end to displacement, despite political progress

Several hundred thousand internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees have returned home since 2003, due to the general improvement of security in Burundi, following the signing of ceasefire agreements between the government and several rebel groups. Hopes that the remaining rebel group, the National Liberation Forces (FNL), would make peace with the new government elected in mid-2005 have so far been disappointed.

11 April 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (August 2005)

Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority.

15 August 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (February 2005)

Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority.

15 February 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi

Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority.

26 March 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile Internal Displacement: Burundi (June 2003)

As fierce fighting in Burundi has surged in recent months in defiance of the December 2002 ceasefire agreements, civilians are once again suffering displacement, death and disease. The smooth handover of power to a Hutu president, Domitien Ndayizeye, by his Tutsi predecessor Pierre Buyoya on 1 May 2003, has also failed to halt the conflict that has killed an estimated 300,000 people since its outbreak in 1993.

23 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (February 2003)

Many thousands of people have been temporarily displaced in recent months by fighting between the Burundian government and two armed Hutu rebel groups. Up to 100,000 people are being displaced each month in worst affected areas, many of them moving from hilltop to hilltop in search of safety. Temporarily displaced people, most of them women and children, are among the most vulnerable people in Burundi.

05 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (September 2002)

Since 1993, the ethnic war in Burundi has caused the death of at least 250,000 persons, the vast majority of which have been civilians. The establishment of a power–sharing transitional government in November 2001 including ethnic Hutu and Tutsi representation, was seen by local and international observers as a positive step to solve the conflict.

11 September 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (May 2002)

Since 1993, the ethnic war in Burundi has caused the death of at least 250,000 persons, the vast majority of which have been civilians. The establishment of a power–sharing transitional government in November 2001 including ethnic Hutu and Tutsi representation was seen by local and international observers as a positive step to solve the conflict.

14 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi

Despite hope of political stabilization in Burundi, there is still no cease-fire between the government and two of a number of rebel groups operating in Burundi. About 633,000 people are internally displaced, both in sites and dispersed throughout the country-side, out of a total population of 6.65 million (UN OCHA 12 October 2001).

22 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi

Large-scale political and communal violence has plagued Burundi since 1993, following the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye. The current President, Major Buyoya, took power in a military coup in 1996. In response to the coup, governments of neighboring states imposed an economic embargo. The embargo was lifted in January 1999, after Buyoya agreed to a power sharing agreement in the National Assembly and began negotiations for a peace settlement with opposing parties and armed opposition groups.

07 December 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internal Displacement in Burundi

Population displacement, which has been a regular feature of communal violence in Burundi since 1993, now affects more than 670,000 persons or about 10% of the total population. Most of the long-term displaced are living in the 320 sites throughout the country.

30 June 2000 | Country Profile

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