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Central African Republic: New displacement due to ongoing conflict and banditry

Armed conflict pitting government forces against various armed groups in northern areas of the Central African Republic (CAR) caused the internal displacement of more than 200,000 people between 2005 and 2008. Following the signing of peace and reconciliation agreements, their number fell to around 108,000, but since 2009 clashes between the army and a splinter rebel group, and attacks on civilians by the Lord’s Resistance Army have caused a new wave of displacement. As of November 2010, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) was estimated at over 192,000.

01 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internal displacement in Central African Republic: a protection crisis

Forced displacement in the Central African Republic (CAR) – along with deaths, physical injuries and material destruction – is one of the main consequences of more than a decade of political instability caused by a series of mutinies, military coup attempts and armed conflicts. The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) is reported to have tripled during 2006, from 50,000 in April to an estimated 150,000 at the end of the year. This increase is largely due to persistent insecurity in the north of the country where the government is fighting several rebel groups. Roaming bandits (so called coupeurs de route or Zaraguinas) and livestock thieves also plague the north, where the state presence – as in much of the rest of the country outside the capital – is weak or non-existent.

26 January 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic

Most of the 200,000-people internally displaced by the fighting which culminated in the coup d’état of March 2003 have reportedly returned to their homes or integrated with the resident population in the capital Bangui.

25 May 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic

More than a year after the coup of March 2003, which followed six months of intense fighting, insecurity and small-scale displacement persist. The new "Transitional Government" is planning elections for January 2005 but has not succeeded in restoring state structures and peace sufficiently to allow people to resume pursuit of normal livelihoods.

04 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic (October 2003)

The overthrowing of President elect, Ange-Felix Patassé by former General Francois Bozizé on 15 March 2003 marked the culmination of six months of fighting between rebels and troops loyal to the government of the Central African Republic (CAR). An estimated 200-300,000 were displaced by the fighting which was accompanied by massive violations of human rights, including rapes, summary executions and looting.

27 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic (May 2003)

Since its independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been an unstable country. Despite the economic potential of its natural resources (diamonds, gold, uranium and timber) and favourable environmental conditions for farming, CAR remains one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half of its 3.7 million inhabitants live in rural areas. Consequently, the ongoing conflict has hit people particularly hard in rural areas, as well as in Bangui and its suburb. The political, economical and social situation has worsened since the mid-1990s. Since 1996, people have regularly been forced to flee because of the violence associated with repeated mutinies, attempted military coups and prolonged fighting between government forces and rebels, including arbitrary killings and sexual violence.

14 May 2003 | Country Profile

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