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IDMC

Indonesia/Central Sulawesi: IDP return and recovery hampered by persistent tensions, land disputes and limited access to livelihoods

From the end of 1998 to 2002 there were several waves of conflict in the province of Central Sulawesi between Christians and Muslims. The cause lay in competition for land, employment and political influence at a time when post-Suharto Indonesia was in the early stages of democratic transition and decentralisation.

15 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Kalimantan: New ethnic-related displacement while earlier IDPs struggle to make return sustainable

In late September 2010, an estimated 32,000 people fled their homes in Tarakan, a city in the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, following inter-ethnic violence between indigenous Dayak Tidung and Bugis, migrants from South Sulawesi. Bugis comprised the majority of people internally displaced by the conflict.

22 November 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Papua: Papuans displaced by military operations in the central highlands remain unassisted

Since May 2010 and particularly in May and June, an unknown number of Papuans, ranging from several hundreds to several thousands, have been reported to be internally displaced in the central highlands region of Puncak Jaya, where the government of Indonesia has been conducting counter-insurgency operations against rebels of the OPM (Free Papua Movement).

13 October 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/Aceh: IDPs and returnees still face significant recovery and reintegration needs

Five years after the Helsinki agreement put an end to a 30-year long conflict between the armed forces and Acehnese separatists, tens of thousands of people have yet to return to their homes in Aceh province, Indonesia. The most recent available data suggests that there may still be as many as 146,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Aceh, and more who fled to neighbouring provinces.

08 September 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia/West Timor: Durable solutions still out of reach for many “new citizens” from former East Timor province

In 2010, nearly 11 years after being displaced from what was then East Timor province, several thousand people remain in camps in West Timor, in the province of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). Most camps are located near the border with what became Timor-Leste in 2002, or around Kupang, the provincial capital.

25 August 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia: In search of durable solutions for all

In early 2009, sometimes ten years after being first displaced by inter-communal violence opposing different ethnic or religious groups, or by separatist struggles between rebel groups and security forces, tens of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) in many provinces of Indonesia are still struggling to find durable solutions that would enable them to end their displacement.

20 March 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Indonesia: Support needed for return and re-integration of displaced Acehnese following peace agreement

In the wake of the peace agreement signed in August 2005 between Acehnese separatist rebels and the government, putting an end to 30 years of conflict in Indonesia's westernmost province of Aceh, thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) who were forced to leave their homes during the conflict started returning.

19 July 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Support needed for return and reintegration of displaced Acehnese following peace agreement

In the wake of the peace agreement signed in August 2005 between Acehnese separatist rebels and the government, putting an end to 30 years of conflict in Indonesia's westernmost province of Aceh, thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) who were forced to leave their homes during the conflict started returning.

19 July 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Indonesia: Post-tsunami assistance risks neglecting reintegration needs of conflict-induced IDPs

Almost half a year after the tsunami hit the shores of Aceh and North Sumatra province, killing more than 200,000 people and displacing over 500,000, assistance is now slowly shifting from a humanitarian to a rehabilitation and reconstruction phase.

26 May 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia

Almost half a year after the tsunami hit the shores of Aceh and North Sumatra province, killing more than 200,000 people and displacing over 500,000, assistance is now slowly shifting from a humanitarian to a rehabilitation and reconstruction phase.

26 May 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Indonesia and East Timor

With the exception of the province of Aceh, where a military operation has been ongoing since May 2003, and Maluku province where tension remains high after an outbreak of intercommunal violence in April 2004, most of Indonesia's former hot spots have now been in a post-conflict recovery phase for the past two years. The crackdown in Aceh has led to the government effectively sealing off the province to foreign aid workers.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Indonesia: Half a million IDPs wait to return, while fighting continues in Aceh

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), monitors conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. The Geneva-based Centre runs an online database providing comprehensive and regularly updated information and analysis on internal displacement in more than 50 countries.

09 July 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia (November 2003)

With the exception of the province of Aceh where in May 2003 the government launched a huge military operation and imposed martial law, most of Indonesia’s former hot spots are now in a post-conflict recovery phase. The crackdown in Aceh, which ended a five month-long peace agreement with rebels from the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), has led to the government effectively sealing off the province to foreign aid workers.

13 November 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia (May 2003)

Despite persistent tension in Indonesia's conflict areas, large numbers of displaced people have returned to their homes since mid-2002 owing to relative stability in the country. The total number of IDPs is now 700,000, down from an estimated 1.3 million in summer 2002. The returnees are struggling to rebuild their lives, while many others displaced cannot return due to continued insecurity.

21 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia

In the wake of the financial crisis that hit Indonesia in 1998, religious and ethnic violence as well as renewed aspirations for separatism started to surface throughout the country, spreading rapidly from one area to another and leading to the displacement of more than half a million people in 1999.

30 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Indonesia and East Timor

In the wake of the financial crisis that hit the country in 1998, religious and ethnic violence as well as renewed aspiration for separatism started to surface throughout the country, spreading rapidly from one area to another and leading to the displacement of more than 530,000 people in 1999

20 August 2001 | Country Profile

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