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Turkey: Internal displacement in brief

There were estimated to be more than 954,000 IDPs in Turkey as of the end of 2013.

31 December 2013 | Summary

IDMC

EU Enlargement Turkey 2013

In this submission to the EU’s Enlargement Directorate on Turkey, IDMC updates the Directorate on country developments from October 2012 to May 2013 as they relate to IDPs.

20 May 2013 | Human Rights Mechanism

IDMC

Turkey

IDMC's Turkey page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

31 July 2012 | Country Page

Principle Versus practice: Case study on education and displacement in Turkey

This case study focuses on two factors that affect displaced children’s ability to exercise their right to education: poverty and discrimination in Turkey.

01 August 2010 | Publication

Need for continued improvement in response to protracted displacement

Prevailing insecurity in the south-east, the continuing presence of village guard militias and of mines, and under-development continue to act as barriers to return for IDPs

26 October 2009 | Overview

IDMC

Turkey: Need for continued improvement in response to protracted displacement

Around one million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Turkey continue to face protracted displacement, with many obstacles still standing in the way of durable solutions. Prevailing insecurity in south-eastern Turkey, the continuing presence of village guard militias and of mines, and under-development continue to bar their return. Integration in urban areas is still fraught with difficulties in the absence of targeted assistance, as IDPs, most of them Kurdish, face socio-economic marginalisation and discrimination.

26 October 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Renewed clashes between government forces and Kurdish militants in south-eastern Turkey have raised fears of a return to violence in the two-decade-old conflict which led to the internal displacement of hundreds of thousands of people, most of them Kurds. Despite the clashes, the conditions for the return of the displaced have continued to improve as the overall security situation remained largely stable and the Turkish government has taken a number of concrete steps to facilitate the return process.

26 July 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Progress on national IDP policy paves way for further reforms

Turkey’s internally displaced people (IDPs) face uncertain prospects as a recent upsurge in violence in the south-eastern provinces threatens to undermine the positive impact of major human rights reforms which have been adopted since Turkey became a candidate for EU membership in 1999.

26 July 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Progress on national IDP policy paves way for further reforms

Turkey’s internally displaced people (IDPs) face uncertain prospects as a recent upsurge in violence in the south-eastern provinces threatens to undermine the positive impact of major human rights reforms which have been adopted since Turkey became a candidate for EU membership in 1999.

26 July 2007 | Overview

“Overcoming a Legacy of Mistrust: Towards Reconciliation between the State and the Displaced”

Report produced in conjunction with the Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) assesses the implementation of the recommendations made by the UN Secretary-General's Representative on IDPs following his visit to Turkey.

01 June 2006 | Publication

Internal displacement in Turkey

01 November 2005 | Map

IDMC

Turkey: Government takes steps to facilitate return of displaced

Renewed clashes between government forces and Kurdish militants in south-eastern Turkey have raised fears of a return to violence in the two-decade-old conflict which led to the internal displacement of hundreds of thousands of people, most of them Kurds.

07 October 2005 | Overview

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Hundreds of thousands of people were internally displaced from Turkey’s south-eastern provinces during the 1984-1999 fighting between the Kurdish PKK and Turkish military and security forces, which was accompanied by massive human rights violations and the destruction of property. According to official figures, 353,000 people were displaced during the conflict, while international observers and Turkish NGOs estimate that the total number may be as high as 1 to 4.5 million.

05 April 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Turkey’s desire to be part of the European Union, and the reforms it is currently undergoing in order to be considered for entry, are seen by many as a “window of opportunity” to improve its human rights record, particularly where minority and IDP rights are concerned Indeed, in 2002 the UN Special Representative on IDPs, following his visit to the country, noted a change in the Government’s attitude.

16 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

With a current population estimated at 16 million persons, Kurds constitute the largest ethnic minority in Turkey (26 percent of the total population). Since the origin of the Turkish Republic, the Kurds have been denied any rights as an ethnic minority, and manifestations of Kurdish identity have often been repressed brutally by Turkish authorities.

04 October 2002 | Country Profile

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