Forced displacement is one of the many ways in which President-for-life Saparmurat Niyazov exercises authoritarian rule and control in Turkmenistan. Turkmen law contains a number of provisions which explicitly allow forced relocation to be used as punishment for certain crimes committed by civilians, however, in practice these laws are used as legal justification for the displacement of political opponents and ethnic minorities.
18 October 2005 | Country Profile
Since 2002, President Saparmurat Niyazov has increased Turkmenistan’s international isolation by making forced relocation an official means of oppression of those he views as disloyal to his regime. With the adoption of special decrees in November 2002 and January 2003, internal displacement has become a serious threat to the ethnic Uzbek minority in the country.
21 July 2003 | Country Profile