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IDMC

Colombia: Property restitution in sight but integration still distant (December 2011)

Colombia’s government, led since 2010 by President Juan Manuel Santos, has changed its discourse in favour of those who have suffered human rights violations due the conflict and violence within the country.

29 December 2011 | Country Profile

IDMC

Mexico: Displacement due to criminal and communal violence

There are currently several situations of internal displacement in Mexico. Possibly the largest has been caused since 2007 by the violence of drug cartels and the government’s military response. This has caused displacement in the states of Chihuahua, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Durango, Guerrero, Sinaloa and Michoacán.

25 November 2011 | Country Profile

IDMC

Colombia: Property restitution in sight but integration still distant (September 2011)

Threats, assassinations, massacres, forced recruitment, and forced disappearances perpetrated by numerous illegal armed groups, and armed confrontations between these groups and government forces, continue to force Colombians to flee their homes, mostly from rural areas.

05 September 2011 | Country Profile

IDMC

Mexico: Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

23 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Guatemala: Violence and inequality still blocking solutions for IDPs

Structural inequality, restricted political participation and discriminatory state policies are at the core of Guatemala’s challenges today as they were 50 years ago when its war started. 14 years have passed since the signing of the peace accord which marked the end of the country’s conflict and promised durable solutions for those people displaced.

08 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Colombia: New displacement continues, response still ineffective

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had to May 2009 displaced almost 3.1 million people according to the government, and over 4.6 million people according to a reliable non-governmental source. Nevertheless, under-registration in the government’s system remains pervasive.

03 July 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Peru: Reparations begin but IDPs excluded

Eight years after the internal armed conflict in Peru ended, most internally displaced people (IDPs) have returned to their places of origin or have resettled elsewhere. According to a 2007 government ministry estimate, 150,000 people remained in the urban centres where they arrived after being forcibly displaced.

08 January 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Colombia: Rate of new displacement highest in two decades

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had by June 2008 displaced 2,649,139 people according to the government, and 4,361,355 people according to a reliable non-governmental source. An alarming trend of rising internal displacement has been registered since 2006, and the highest rate of displacement in 23 years was recorded in the first semester of 2008.

17 October 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Guatemala: 12 years after conflict, few solutions for IDPs or other victims

Almost twelve years after the end of Guatemala’s 36-year civil war in 1996, the merit of considering internally displaced people (IDPs) separately is open to debate. Some claim that the many problems still shared by IDPs and other groups of victims render the category obsolete, but others argue that the number of forcibly displaced people still unable to regain their land or reintegrate elsewhere means the distinction remains important.

12 August 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Mexico: Evictions of indigenous communities fuel displacement in Chiapas

In the Mexican state of Chiapas, 5,500 people are still internally displaced, in addition to an unknown number who have sought anonymity or remain dispersed, more than a decade after the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) led an uprising of indigenous communities against socio-economic exclusion and lack of access to land.

22 January 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Resisting displacement by combatants and developers: Humanitarian Zones in north-west Colombia

In the north-western department of Chocó, near Colombia’s border with Panama, forcibly displaced people have established “Humanitarian Zones” in a bid to hang on to their land and livelihoods. These zones are occupied by groups who have joined together to remain on or near the collective land which they were forced to leave as a result of a major military campaign in 1996.

05 November 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Peru: Compensation pending for victims of forced displacement

The Government has registered the first 3,000 of the estimated 150,000 remaining IDPs in Peru, as part of a process to compensate all victims of the internal armed conflict which ended in 2000.

08 June 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Colombia: Government "peace process" cements injustice for IDPs

Forced displacement in Colombia is primarily a way to seize agricultural land from peasants and small farmers, and only to a lesser degree the unintended consequence of fighting between warring parties. Much of the violence is deliberately aimed at civilians to dislodge them from their homes and lands. It is a struggle that has been going on for centuries, but now involves national and international commercial interests, part of an internal war pitting the government and paramilitary forces against two guerrilla groups and a related war on drugs.

30 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Guatemala: Ten years after peace accords, key provisions benefiting the displaced remain unimplemented

The signing of a peace accord in 1996 marked the end of the 36-year-old civil war in Guatemala but not the end of the structural injustices that triggered it. Key commitments, such as the resettlement of the displaced, redistribution of land and compensation for the uprooted people and other victims of the conflict have as of June 2006 only to a very limited degree been implemented.

09 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

In 1994, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the“Zapatistas”, launched an uprising in the south-eastern state of Chiapas with the stated goal of improving land and social rights for the marginalised indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded by sending in troops and creating paramilitary cells from among the local population as part of a low-intensity war strategy.

20 June 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year-long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been internally displaced since 1985. The Colombian internal displacement crisis is the world’s worst after Sudan, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who are among the country’s poorest.

27 May 2005 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guatemala

An estimated 200,000 people were killed during Guatemala’s 36-year civil war, mostly at the hands of the armed forces and their paramilitary allies. About one million people became internally displaced or fled the country. The war began in the early 1960s with an insurgency by guerrilla forces fighting for economic and political reforms, following a century and a half of authoritarian regimes and the exclusion of the indigenous majority from wealth and power in Guatemala.

26 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The removal of President Alberto Fujimori in 2000 paved the way for the restoration of democracy in Peru and the beginning of a reconciliation process following the end of a civil war that ravaged the country for more than twenty years.

24 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been displaced since 1985. The IDP crisis has become one of the world's worst, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who make up some of the country’s poorest people.

04 February 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

In 1994 in the south-eastern state of Chiapas, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the“ Zapatistas”, led an uprising calling for better land and civil rights for the marginalized indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded violently, sending in troops, and the ensuing conflict – which also involved paramilitary groups –, displaced up to 35,000 people.

17 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Colombia

The number of internally displaced people in Colombia has soared, and their plight has worsened as the new government pursues military solutions to the country's conflict, allowing armed groups to deliberately displace civilians. The IDP crisis was already one of the world's worst, disproportionately affecting Colombia's black and indigenous populations, hitting border areas and cities like never before.

14 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guatemala

Although the conflict in Guatemala has by and large abated, there was a resurgence of civil patrols (paramilitaries) activity, especially in the departments of El Quiché and Baja Verapaz, according to Amnesty International (AI, 4 September 2002).

17 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The main cause of displacement in Peru has been the almost 20 years of internal conflict between the Peruvian Armed Forces and the armed opposition groups Sendero Luminoso and the Túpac Amaru revolutionary Movement (MRTA), which initiated their armed attacks in 1980 and 1984 respectively.

01 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The main cause of displacement in Peru has been the almost 20 years of internal conflict between the Peruvian Armed Forces and the armed opposition groups Sendero Luminoso and the Túpac Amaru revolutionary Movement (MRTA), which initiated their armed attacks in 1980 and 1984 respectively.

16 July 2002 | Country Profile

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