An estimated 200,000 people were killed during Guatemala’s 36-year civil war, mostly at the hands of the armed forces and their paramilitary allies. About one million people became internally displaced or fled the country. The war began in the early 1960s with an insurgency by guerrilla forces fighting for economic and political reforms, following a century and a half of authoritarian regimes and the exclusion of the indigenous majority from wealth and power in Guatemala.
26 August 2004 | Country Profile
The removal of President Alberto Fujimori in 2000 paved the way for the restoration of democracy in Peru and the beginning of a reconciliation process following the end of a civil war that ravaged the country for more than twenty years.
24 June 2004 | Country Profile
Displacement has been an endemic feature of the 40-year long conflict in Colombia, and over three million Colombians have been displaced since 1985. The IDP crisis has become one of the world's worst, disproportionately affecting Afro-Colombians and indigenous people, who make up some of the country’s poorest people.
04 February 2004 | Country Profile