Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ethno-political agendas still prolonging displacement

Ethnic divisions are still prolonging internal displacement in Bosnia and Herzegovina nearly twenty years after the war ended despite massive international assistance over that period.

19 November 2014 | Overview

Azerbaijan: After more than 20 years, IDPs still urgently need policies to support full integration

IDMC explains how IDPs in Azerbaijan are blocked from full integration because displacement is still largely considered 'temporary' two decades after the conflict.

26 March 2014 | Overview


IDPs increasingly neglected despite continuing needs

More than 14 years after they first fled their homes, at least 29 ,000 people are still internally displaced due to armed conflict and violence in the North Caucasus, and an unknown number of people are still displaced elsewhere in Russia.

14 March 2013 | Overview

Integration stalled

Limited resources, reduced donor interest and the intractable nature of the Serbia-Kosovo dispute continue to present obstacles to long-term solutions for many IDPs

12 March 2013 | Overview

Durable solutions still elusive 13 years after conflict

Widespread discrimination against Serbs and Roma people has made it difficult for IDPs to return to areas where they constitute a minority

10 October 2012 | Overview

Partial progress towards durable solutions for IDPs

Greater attention to the creation of livelihood and job opportunities is needed for IDPs in their place of refuge and return

21 March 2012 | Overview

Unsustainable situation for IDPs and returnees

In June 2010 a brawl in the southern capital of Osh sparked four days of clashes between ethnic Uzbeks and Kyrgyz. Many of the predominantly Uzbek neighbourhoods were looted and burned to the ground, and at least 426 people of both ethnicities were killed.

28 February 2011 | Overview


Ten years after displacement, returns remain stalled but integration prospects improving

In 2008 Kosovo adopted a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) from Serbia. The United Nations General Assembly subsequently referred the UDI to the International Court of Justice, which issued a July 2010 advisory opinion affirming that it was “in accordance with international law.”

22 December 2010 | Overview

After some 20 years, IDPs still face barriers to self-reliance

IDPs’ main concern is their inadequate living conditions as many still live in dilapidated public buildings and makeshift accommodation, some with poor security of tenure

10 December 2010 | Overview

Need to monitor progress towards durable solutions

Remaining IDPs will not achieve durable solutions until their specific needs are identified and addressed, reconciliation initiatives established and a peace agreement is realised

23 February 2010 | Overview


Need to support minority communities to prevent further displacement and allow durable solutions

In February 2008 Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The UN General Assembly subsequently voted to refer the independence declaration to the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion. As of December 2009, 64 countries had recognised Kosovo. For the purpose of this overview, references to the situation in “Serbia” since 2008 do not include Kosovo.

22 January 2010 | Overview


IDPs still seeking housing solutions and documentation to access their rights

In 2008 Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The United Nations General Assem bly subsequently voted to refer the independence declaration to the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion. As of December 2009, 64 countries had recognised Kosovo. For the pur-pose of this overview references to the situation in “Serbia” since 2008 do not include Kosovo.

29 December 2009 | Overview

Need for continued improvement in response to protracted displacement

Prevailing insecurity in the south-east, the continuing presence of village guard militias and of mines, and under-development continue to act as barriers to return for IDPs

26 October 2009 | Overview


Monitoring of IDPs and returnees still needed

At least 80,000 people are still internally displaced in Russia, more than 15 years after they were first forced to flee their homes. While large-scale hostilities ended several years ago, violence is still extensive in the North Caucasus and human rights abuses continue with perpetrators enjoying impunity.

12 October 2009 | Overview

Housing rights and employment still preventing durable solutions

Over the past three years the number of IDPs in Croatia has remained steady, indicating that the remaining few have been unable to resolve their status by returning to their place of origin or integrating locally

01 September 2009 | Overview


IDPs in Georgia still need attention

Large-scale displacement was caused in August 2008 by conflict between Georgia and the Russian Federation over the fate of the secessionist territory of South Ossetia. Most of the people displaced were later able to return to their homes in areas adjacent to the administrative border with South Ossetia, and most ethnic Ossetians returned to their homes in South Ossetia.

09 July 2009 | Overview

Prospects remain dim of political resolution to change situation of IDPs

During the last wave of displacement in 1974, Greek Cypriots fled to the south, while Turkish Cypriots took refuge in the north under what eventually was declared the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which only Turkey has recognised

30 June 2009 | Overview


Displaced people still struggling to lead a normal life

Up to 136,000 people remain displaced in Russia more than fifteen years after the begin ning of armed conflict in the republics of the north Caucasus. Hundreds of thousands of people fled their homes as a result of an inter-ethnic conflict in North Ossetia in 1992 and separatist and counter-terrorist conflicts in Chechnya in 1994 and 1999.

12 November 2008 | Overview


Georgia: Tentative return of some of the people who fled August 2008 conflict

Two weeks after military offensives by Georgia and the Russian Federation, thousands of the 150,000 or more ethnic Georgians and Ossetians who had fled the conflict had returned home by 26 August. Ethnic Georgians have so far only been able to return to towns such as Gori, but not to South Ossetia proper.

29 August 2008 | Overview

Broader and improved support for durable solutions required

The lack of adequate support to return and the reluctance of national and international authorities to promote other durable solutions is preventing IDPs and returnees resuming their life

28 August 2008 | Overview


Georgia: At least 128,000 people internally displaced by renewed conflict

Hundreds of people have been killed and at least 158,000 ethnic Georgians and Ossetians have fled their homes in South Ossetia and Georgia, due to military offensives by Georgia and the Russian Federation over the last week. Among them, 128,000 found refuge in Georgia proper and in South Ossetia, while 30,000 are estimated to have fled to North Ossetia in the Russian Federation.

21 August 2008 | Overview


IDPs still trapped in poverty and dependence

Almost 15 years after signing a ceasefire agreement, Azerbaijan and Armenia have yet to re-solve the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. In the absence of a peace agreement, some 570,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) are still prevented from returning to their homes in Azerbaijan.

14 July 2008 | Overview


Lack of political settlement prevents the displaced from fully enjoying their property rights

More than 30 years after having been displaced, more than 200,000 Greek and Turkish Cypriots still have unresolved issues related to their displacement. While they no longer have humanitarian needs and have largely integrated in the places they have settled, the displaced are still unable to take back possession of the property they left behind, or re-turn to their homes.

18 December 2007 | Overview


Final status for Kosovo - Towards durable solutions for IDPs or new displacement risk?

After eight years of international administration over Kosovo, the situation of the estimated 227,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Serbia and Kosovo is hanging on the resolution of Kosovo’s status. The failure of the United Nations Security Council to adopt the Ahtisaari proposal on the final status of Kosovo has prolonged uncertainty.

10 December 2007 | Overview


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