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Trapped in displacement, Internally Displaced People in the OSCE area

IDMC illuminates the issue of protracted displacement in Europe and Central Asia where three million IDPs still await durable solutions.

01 October 2004 | Publication

IDMC

Croatia: Remaining 11,500 IDPs put off from returning by poor economic conditions

The official number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2004, the government reported that 11,493 people remained in a situation of internal displacement, including 9,791 ethnic Croats and 1,702 ethnic Serbs.

27 May 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Croatia

The official number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2004, the government reported that 11,493 people remained in a situation of internal displacement, including 9,791 ethnic Croats and 1,702 ethnic Serbs. These figures disguise a huge disparity in return patterns between ethnic Serbs and Croats. While most of the 220,000 ethnic Croats displaced by the conflict have returned, only one third of the over 300,000 ethnic Serb IDPs and refugees have been able to do so.

27 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Hundreds of thousands of people were internally displaced from Turkey’s south-eastern provinces during the 1984-1999 fighting between the Kurdish PKK and Turkish military and security forces, which was accompanied by massive human rights violations and the destruction of property. According to official figures, 353,000 people were displaced during the conflict, while international observers and Turkish NGOs estimate that the total number may be as high as 1 to 4.5 million.

05 April 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Georgia

Tens of thousands of people displaced from Georgia's secessionist territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been waiting to return home for more than a decade. Since a ceasefire was enforced in South Ossetia and Abkhazia in 1992, more than 200,000 people have lived in precarious conditions, mostly accommodated in collective centres dependent on meagre state benefits.

18 March 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Moldova

Following its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Moldova - one of the poorest countries in Europe - faced its own internal secessionist uprising as the Russian and Ukrainian population in the Transdniestrian region sort independence. The armed conflict internally displaced up to 51,000 people and forced up to 80,000 people to seek refuge in third countries, mainly in neighbouring Ukraine.

11 March 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Serbia & Montenegro

More than 225,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) – mainly ethnic Serbs and Roma who fled Kosovo when Yugoslav forces withdrew in 1999 – are still waiting to return from Serbia and Montenegro to their pre-war homes in the now UN-administered province. Although the ethnic Albanian majority in Kosovo generally appears to have become more tolerant vis-à-vis the return of the displaced and an operational framework has been put in place to facilitate returns, a number of obstacles still prevent IDPs from going back to their places of origin.

03 March 2004 | Country Profile

Republic of Moldova: Uncertainty about the integration of displaced from the Transdniestrian region

Following its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Moldova - one of the poorest countries in Europe - faced its own internal secessionist uprising as the Russian and Ukrainian population in the Transdniestrian region sought independence.

01 March 2004 | Overview

Fear prevents remaining IDPs from returning home

To ensure the success of returns in the country, it is necessary that the national authorities and the international community continue to monitor the needs of the remaining displaced population

26 February 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Macedonia

Macedonia has been regarded as a “success story” for having achieved the fastest returns of people displaced by conflict in the Balkans. Over 95 per cent of the people uprooted during the brief but intense conflict between ethnic Albanian armed groups and Macedonian security forces in 2001 have been able to return.

26 February 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Eight years after the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, there are still 330,000 people internally displaced in Bosnia-Herzegovina. While the international community has largely succeeded in implementing the right of displaced people and refugees to return in Bosnia-Herzegovina the plight of many internally displaced people remains unresolved.

28 January 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation

Attempts by the Russian federal authorities to stabilise the military, political and socio-economic situation in Chechnya during 2003 have so far failed to reduce levels of violence in the province to allow for the safe return of the more than 200,000 people who remain internally displaced.

15 January 2004 | Country Profile

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