Croatia: Internal displacement in brief

The main obstacles to the return of the remaining ethnic Croat IDPs were the limited social services and livelihood opportunities in their places of origin, whereas ethnic Serb IDPs continued to struggle to assert their rights

31 December 2010 | Summary


Serbia: Ten years after displacement, returns remain stalled but integration prospects improving

As of December 2010, there were an estimated 230,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) from Kosovo within Serbia, including an estimated 20,000 displaced Roma people who were never registered as displaced. In addition, 19,000 people remain displaced within Kosovo. The most vulnerable IDPs are Roma people, who tend to lack documentation and frequently endure extreme poverty in squalid informal settlements.

22 December 2010 | Country Profile


Ten years after displacement, returns remain stalled but integration prospects improving

In 2008 Kosovo adopted a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) from Serbia. The United Nations General Assembly subsequently referred the UDI to the International Court of Justice, which issued a July 2010 advisory opinion affirming that it was “in accordance with international law.”

22 December 2010 | Overview


Azerbaijan: After some 20 years, IDPs still face barriers to self-reliance

Over 586,000 people remain internally displaced in Azerbaijan after the Nagorno-Karabakh war ended with a ceasefire in 1994. The figure includes approximately 230,000 children born to internally displaced people (IDPs) since they fled their homes. Insecurity near the line of contact with Armenia continues to disrupt the livelihoods of IDPs and others who live nearby.

10 December 2010 | Country Profile

After some 20 years, IDPs still face barriers to self-reliance

IDPs’ main concern is their inadequate living conditions as many still live in dilapidated public buildings and makeshift accommodation, some with poor security of tenure

10 December 2010 | Overview

General map of Azerbaijan, Dec 2010

01 December 2010 | Map


Georgia: Towards Durable Solutions for IDPs

With the adoption of the State Strategy for Internally Displaced Persons-Persecuted (IDPs) in 2007, the government of Georgia exhibited a policy shift. While continuing to maintain return as a settlement option for IDPs, the strategy also supports the integration of IDPs at their current residence.

01 September 2010 | Briefing Paper


Russian Federation: IDPs still face challenges related to their displacement

In Chechnya, armed violence and two rounds of conflict between separatists and government forces, first between 1994 and 1996 and then again since 1999, have caused some 800,000 people to flee their homes.

01 August 2010 | Briefing Paper

Principle Versus practice: Case study on education and displacement in Turkey

This case study focuses on two factors that affect displaced children’s ability to exercise their right to education: poverty and discrimination in Turkey.

01 August 2010 | Publication


CESCR Submission Russian Federation 2010

In this submission to the UN’s Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on Russia, IDMC highlights problems IDPs face with discrimination, housing and social security.

03 May 2010 | Human Rights Mechanism


Armenia: Need to monitor progress towards durable solutions

Some 20 years after the beginning of Armenia’s war with Azerbaijan and related violence, the 8,400 people internally displaced by the conflict have received hardly any government attention because other larger refugee and internally displaced groups have made competing demands on the state budget in a time of economic transition and crisis. International organisations have also largely neglected their plight.

23 February 2010 | Country Profile

Need to monitor progress towards durable solutions

Remaining IDPs will not achieve durable solutions until their specific needs are identified and addressed, reconciliation initiatives established and a peace agreement is realised

23 February 2010 | Overview


Need to support minority communities to prevent further displacement and allow durable solutions

In February 2008 Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The UN General Assembly subsequently voted to refer the independence declaration to the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion. As of December 2009, 64 countries had recognised Kosovo. For the purpose of this overview, references to the situation in “Serbia” since 2008 do not include Kosovo.

22 January 2010 | Overview


Kosovo: Need to support minority communities to prevent further displacement and allow durable solutions

Kosovo’s declaration of independence in 2008 created new uncertainty for 230,000 IDPs from Kosovo residing in Serbia and the 19,700 displaced within Kosovo; this overview focuses on the latter group. Despite initial fears of the contrary, there have been no major incidents targeting minority communities and no further displacement since 2008. Serbia has not recognised the independence of Kosovo, continuing to regard it as a UN-governed entity within its sovereign territory.

22 January 2010 | Country Profile


 Europe the Caucasus and Central Asia ×  2010 ×