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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation

Attempts by the Russian federal authorities to stabilise the military, political and socio-economic situation in Chechnya during 2003 have so far failed to reduce levels of violence in the province to allow for the safe return of the more than 200,000 people who remain internally displaced.

15 January 2004 | Country Profile

Moldova: Internal displacement in brief

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre is no longer actively following the situation in Moldova

31 December 2003 | Summary

Protecting internally displaced persons in the OSCE area: A neglected commitment

IDMC regional report outlines plight of three million displaced people in Europe and Central Asia forced from their homes as a result of armed conflicts or human rights violations still wait for durable solutions.

01 October 2003 | Publication

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Turkey’s desire to be part of the European Union, and the reforms it is currently undergoing in order to be considered for entry, are seen by many as a “window of opportunity” to improve its human rights record, particularly where minority and IDP rights are concerned Indeed, in 2002 the UN Special Representative on IDPs, following his visit to the country, noted a change in the Government’s attitude.

16 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Armenia

The Government of Armenia estimates that around 72,000 people are internally displaced as a result of the war with Azerbaijan over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh (1992-1994). This figure includes an undetermined number of refugees from Azerbaijan who were initially settled inside Armenia and then became displaced again due to military operations in the border areas (UNHCHR 6 November 2000, paras 9, 11).

03 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cyprus

The crisis of internal displacement in Cyprus is almost 30 years old, the longest-standing in Europe and in the world. However, the situation of IDPs in Cyprus differs radically from other populations caught in protracted displacement, as most humanitarian consequences of the crisis on the displaced population have long been solved.

03 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Azerbaijan

The large number of internally displaced persons in Azerbaijan has been the most visible sign of the unsettled conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh. Almost 10 years after the ceasefire agreement in 1994, more than 570,000 persons displaced from Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding districts under Armenian occupation continue to live in very precarious conditions, compared to the rest of the population.

05 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (March 2003)

Russia should stop pressing internally displaced persons (IDPs) to return to Chechnya, and hold its forces to account for rights violations in the war-torn republic. Chechen IDPs in Ingushetia have been under constant pressure from Russian and Ingush authorities to go back to Chechnya, where civilians have faced widespread violence and severe human rights violations.

10 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (February 2003)

Displaced Chechens face mounting pressure to return to their homeland, despite widespread insecurity in the war-torn republic and Russian government promises not to force people back. Some 5,000 people have returned to Chechnya already this year under a new campaign by Chechen, Ingush and Moscow authorities to return all Chechens by the end of 2002. Several tent camps for displaced people have been closed down.

20 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Bosnia and Herzegovina

The determination of the international community in implementing the right to return of the displaced persons and refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina has paid off. The constant pressure on the local actors has finally opened the door to the return of displaced persons to areas dominated by hostile nationalist forces, particularly since 2000.

31 January 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (October 2002)

Displaced Chechens face mounting pressure to return to their homeland, despite widespread insecurity in the war-torn republic and Russian government promises not to force people back. Some 5,000 people have returned to Chechnya already this year under a new campaign by Chechen, Ingush and Moscow authorities to return all Chechens by the end of 2002. Two tent camps for displaced people have been closed down.

28 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

With a current population estimated at 16 million persons, Kurds constitute the largest ethnic minority in Turkey (26 percent of the total population). Since the origin of the Turkish Republic, the Kurds have been denied any rights as an ethnic minority, and manifestations of Kurdish identity have often been repressed brutally by Turkish authorities.

04 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Macedonia

Internal displacement has only been a recent phenomenon in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (hereafter referred to as Macedonia). People only became displaced in the beginning of 2001 when the National Liberation Army (NLA) took up arms to fight for the rights of ethnic Albanian community in Macedonia.

26 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Croatia

The number of internally displaced people in Croatia has decreased radically since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2002, the Croatian government reported that only 22,000 persons remain internally displaced.

13 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (May 2002)

Existing data suggest that up to 460,000 persons are currently displaced in the Russian Federation as a result of armed conflict and violence in North Caucasus. The exact scope of internal displacement can, however, not be determined with precision. The vast majority of displaced persons have been forced to leave their homes in Chechnya, a region devastated by two conflicts in less than a decade.

29 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (October 2001)

Existing data suggest that at least 500,000 persons are currently displaced in the Russian Federation as a result of armed conflict and violence in North Caucasus. The exact scope of internal displacement can however not be determined with precision. The vast majority has been forced to leave their homes in Chechnya devastated by two conflicts in less that a decade.

12 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (March 2001)

Existing data suggest that at least 510,000 persons are currently displaced in the Russian Federation, mostly as a result of the two armed conflicts over the last decade in the northern Caucasian Republic of Chechnya. Of this figure, only 140,000 of them, mostly ethnic Russians who left North Caucasus during the first conflict in Chechnya (1994- 1996), are currently registered by the Federal authorities as "forced migrants".

23 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation

A wide variety of population migration movements in the territories of the former Soviet Union has consistently made comprehensive and reliable figures on the internally displaced population within the Russian Federation difficult to establish. The complexity of the situation is best reflected by the various terms applying to internally displaced persons in the region

10 October 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internal Displacement in Russian Federation (June 2000)

A wide variety of population migration movements in the territories of the former Soviet Union has consistently made comprehensive and reliable figures on the internally displaced population within the Russian Federation difficult to establish.

09 June 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internal Displacement in the Russian Federation (April 2000)

A wide variety of population migration movements in the territories of the former Soviet Union has consistently made comprehensive and reliable figures on the internally displaced population within the Russian Federation difficult to establish.

01 April 2000 | Country Profile

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