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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq (February 2004)

The collapse of the regime of Saddam Hussein following the US-led war in Iraq in March 2003 created the political conditions for the 800,000 Kurds who had been forcibly displaced under a brutal policy of “Arabisation” to return to their homes.

19 February 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Lebanon

During the Lebanese civil war of 1975–1990, almost a third of the country's population was displaced. By 1990, as the war ended, in addition to the hundreds of thousands of people who had found refuge abroad, some 90,000 families, or about 450,000 persons remained internally displaced in Lebanon.

11 September 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories

Since Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem. According to the Israeli government, these measures have been taken for security and administrative reasons.

29 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

The tens of thousands of Palestinians who became displaced within Israel following the destruction of their localities as a result of the 1948 war between the new State of Israel and its Arab neighbors have received little international attention compared to the hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who became refugees.

27 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq

As many as 900,000 people could be displaced within Iraq as a result of a military intervention, according to UN estimates (UN OCHA 7 Jan 03, p10). The majority of the displaced would probably flee from the centre and the south of the country to northern Iraq, in the zone controlled by Iraqi Kurdish authorities. Internal displacement could result from fighting, but also from deliberate war strategy. The Iraqi regime could force people living in the South to flee, for instance by spreading the rumor that weapons of mass destruction will be used to generate panic and instigate large scale flight (CHC 23 Dec 02).

25 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories (November 2002)

Since Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.Palestinian Territories, according to the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) (McCann 4 Nov 2002).

13 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Lebanon

During the Lebanese civil war of 1975–1990, almost a third of the country's population was displaced. By 1990 when the war ended, in addition to the hundreds of thousands of people who had found refuge abroad, about 450,000 persons remained internally displaced in Lebanon (UNDP, 1997). Only approximately a third of them have returned home since.

19 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Syrian Arab Republic

Despite the international focus on the Middle East, little attention has been given to the tens of thousands of people displaced from the Syrian territory of the Golan Heights 35 years ago. The displacement occurred during the Six Day War in 1967 when Israel seized the Golan Heights, a strategic narrow stretch of land overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee.

12 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq

Iraq is host to the highest number of internally displaced people in the Middle East. Between 700,000 and 1 million people are estimated internally displaced in Iraq. Ethnic Kurds, Assyrians and Turkmen have suffered from several waves of displacement over the past two decades, mainly due to repression by the Iraqi government and to a lesser extent to inter–ethnic Kurdish fighting. Shia Arab populations in the south of Iraq have also been displaced from their homes due to government actions, particularly since 1991.

10 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories (February 2002)

The estimates of the number of people displaced due to house demolitions by the Israeli government vary depending on the period considered. There is no figure available on how many of these people are still displaced today.

06 February 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Israel

Following the United Nations vote on the partition of Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab State in November 1947 and the proclamation of the State of Israel in May 1948, armies from neighboring Arab nations entered the former Mandate of Palestine and fought against Israeli military forces. At the end of the war in 1949, no general peace settlement was achieved (UN GA Resolution 181 of 29 November 1947 & Government of Israel 14 May 1948 & U.S. DOS December 1998).

14 January 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq (July 2001)

From a security perspective, Iraq has been de facto divided since 1991 in two areas, northern Iraq, under Kurdish administrative control, and the rest of the country, under government control. USCR estimated that about 700,000 persons were internally displaced at the end of 2000, i.e. 600,000 in northern Iraq and about 100,000 in the government-controlled area (USCR 2001, p.179). Due to lack of information, there is however no reliable figure on internal displacement in Iraq.

25 July 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Lebanon

During the Lebanese civil war (1975-1990), almost a third of the population, both Christian and Muslim, were displaced at one point. About 450,000 persons had not returned to their former home by the end of the war and today 350,000 are still considered displaced (USCR 2000, p.200 & UNDP 1997).

12 June 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Syrian Arab Republic

It should be noted that according to information available for this profile, people displaced from the Golan did not resettle voluntarily and still wish to go back to their former homes. We therefore consider them as internally displaced persons. Comments and additional information regarding this issue as well as others are welcome and will be included in the updated version of this document.

14 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq (February 2001)

There are several causes of internal displacement to and within northern Iraq and today 800,000 persons are considered displaced in the north (USCR 2000, p.187). The most serious cause has been Iraqi government actions.

06 February 2001 | Country Profile

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