Bangladesh: Progress on internal displacement response needed

Twenty years of armed struggle in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), pitting the armed forces and Bengali settlers against indigenous groups seeking greater autonomy, formally ended in 1997 with the signing of the CHT Peace Accord.

30 December 2011 | Country Profile


Indonesia: Durable solutions remain elusive for many IDPs while thousands are newly displaced by military operations in Papua

During 2011, thousands of people were displaced by renewed inter-communal violence in Maluku province and by counter-insurgency operations targeting Free Papua Movement (OPM) rebels in Papua province.

22 December 2011 | Country Profile


Myanmar: Displacement continues in context of armed conflicts

In November 2010 the first national elections since 1990 were held in Myanmar. While the party set up by the previous government and the armed forces retain most legislative and executive power, the elections may nevertheless have opened up a window of opportunity for greater civilian governance and power-sharing.

19 July 2011 | Country Profile


Philippines:Durable solutions still out of sight for many IDPs and returnees in Mindanao

Nearly two years after the end of hostilities between the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the government, up to 5,000 displaced families are still thought to be living in camps and relocation sites in southern Mindanao, most of them in the province of Maguindanao.

10 June 2011 | Country Profile


Armed conflict forces increasing numbers of Afghans to flee their homes

The UN and ICRC have recorded that 730,000 people have been internally displaced in Afghanistan due to conflict since 2006, an average of 400 a day. At the end of January 2011, 309,000 people remained internally displaced due to armed conflict, human rights abuses and other generalised violence. This figure was higher than at any time since 2005.

04 April 2011 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: IDPs and returnees remain in need of protection and assistance

In late 2010, over 320,000 people who had fled their homes due to the armed conflict before and after 2008 were estimated to remain internally displaced in Sri Lanka. Meanwhile, over 190,000 IDPs had returned to their homes, but were still in need of protection and assistance.

14 January 2011 | Country Profile


Pakistan: Flooding worsens situation for people displaced by conflict in north-west

Internal displacement in Pakistan’s north-western Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa (KP) has continued for at least six years, but reached a massive scale from 2008 to 2009. As of the end of July 2010, there were around two million internally displaced people (IDPs), 1.4 million of them registered by the government.

06 September 2010 | Country Profile


India: National and state authorities failing to protect IDPs

In 2009 and during the first half of 2010, at least 650,000 people in central India (Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal), north-east India (Assam, Mizoram-Tripura and Manipur), Jammu and Kashmir, Orissa and Gujarat were living in displacement due to armed conflict and ethnic or communal violence. An unknown number of displaced people were living in Indian cities.

02 September 2010 | Country Profile


Lao People's Democratic Republic: Lack of independent access to resettled ethnic Hmong raises concern about achievement of durable solutions

Since 2006, an estimated 7,700 Lao-Hmong who had sought refuge into neighbouring Thailand claiming persecution by the Lao government due to their role during the civil war have been forcibly sent back to Laos, both countries considering them as “illegal migrants”.

07 May 2010 | Country Profile


Afghanistan: Armed conflict forces increasing numbers of Afghans to flee their homes

After large, and mostly spontaneous, return movements following the ousting of the Taliban regime in 2002, internal displacement is again on the rise, with new displacements as a result of the intensification of fighting in many regions.

15 April 2010 | Country Profile


Myanmar: Increasing displacement as fighting resumes in the east

Displacement as a result of armed conflict and human rights violations continues in Myanmar. Between August 2008 and July 2009, an estimated 75,000 people from ethnic minority communities in eastern Myanmar were forced to flee their homes. In several areas it is impossible to estimate the number of internally displaced people (IDPs).

29 January 2010 | Country Profile


Nepal: Failed implementation of IDP Policy leaves many unassisted

Repeated Maoist commitments to return confiscated houses and land are yet to be honoured in several districts, and internally displaced people (IDPs) from non-Maoist political parties have found it particularly hard to recover property. The government return package has been limited to those officially registered, and in many districts, up to half of IDPs have been unable to register for assistance.

28 January 2010 | Country Profile


Pakistan: Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

02 December 2009 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: Continuing humanitarian concerns and obstacles to durable solutions for recent and longer-term IDPs (November 2009)

The protracted armed conflict in Sri Lanka between government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ended in May 2009. The final intense stages of combat were conducted predominantly in the northern LTTE-controlled Vanni region.

10 November 2009 | Country Profile


Philippines: Cycle of conflict and neglect: Mindanao's displacement and protection crisis

In August 2008, the suspension of an agreement on the issue of an autonomous Muslim (Moro) homeland between the government of the Philippines and the rebels of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) led to the collapse of the peace talks and triggered renewed fighting throughout the southern island region of Mindanao.

05 November 2009 | Country Profile


Bangladesh: Indigenous people and religious minorities still affected by displacement

Armed conflict and human rights violations including forced evictions and government policies discriminating against religious minorities have displaced at least tens of thousands of people in Bangladesh.

16 July 2009 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: Civilians displaced by conflict facing severe humanitarian crisis (May 2009)

The protracted armed conflict in Sri Lanka between government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) appeared to be nearing an end in 2009 with the LTTE cornered in a small area of the northern Vanni region. However, there remained almost half a million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the country.

01 May 2009 | Country Profile


Indonesia: In search of durable solutions for all

In early 2009, sometimes ten years after being first displaced by inter-communal violence opposing different ethnic or religious groups, or by separatist struggles between rebel groups and security forces, tens of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) in many provinces of Indonesia are still struggling to find durable solutions that would enable them to end their displacement.

20 March 2009 | Country Profile


Myanmar: No end in sight for internal displacement crisis

Displacement as a result of conflict and human rights violations continued in Myanmar in 2008. An estimated 66,000 people from ethnic minority communities in eastern Myanmar were forced to become displaced in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict and human rights abuses. As of October 2008, there were at least 451,000 people reported to be internally displaced in the rural areas of eastern Myanmar.

05 March 2009 | Country Profile


India: New and protracted displacement ongoing in absence of formalised response

In 2007-2008, civilians in various parts of India continued to be displaced by internal armed conflict and separatist, ethnic or communal violence, as well as conflict stemming from the threat of development-induced displacement. Over one third of the country’s 608 districts were affected by insurgent movements in 2007.

22 December 2008 | Country Profile


Timor-Leste: IDPs returning home, but to ongoing poverty and lack of access to basic services

Two years after violent conflict erupted in Dili in May 2006, some of the 100,000 people who remained displaced in April 2008 have started returning home. About a third of these internally displaced people (IDPs) were in camps in the capital, and the rest with relatives and friends in the districts where they had sought refuge after the violence.

31 October 2008 | Country Profile


Afghanistan: Increasing hardship and limited support for growing displaced population

Hundreds of thousands of people in Afghanistan have been internally displaced by armed conflict, ethnic tensions or human rights violations, natural disasters such as drought, or secondary displacement in the case of refugees and deportees who have returned from neighbouring countries.

28 October 2008 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: Returns in the east but new displacements in the north

The 25-year-old civil war in Sri Lanka, stemming from historical differences between the Sinhalese majority and the Tamil minority, has led to more than 70,000 deaths and the displacement of over a million people, almost half of whom continue to be internally displaced persons (IDPs) today.

27 August 2008 | Country Profile


Philippines: Displacement increases as Mindanao’s peace process stumbles on

Fighting and displacement in the Philippines have increased in the past two years. From less than 100,000 in 2006, the number of people displaced by conflict reached 170,000 in 2007 and has exceeded 290,000 during 2008. Most are in the southern region of Mindanao, where the government has been fighting secessionist Moro (Muslim) rebels groups for the past 30 years.

19 August 2008 | Country Profile


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