Counter-insurgency operations and related military activity remain the leading cause of conflict-induced displacement in the Philippines today. The main area of fighting and displacement is Mindanao, the second largest island in the country, where islamized ethnic groups have been struggling for autonomy or independence for the last thirty years.
17 December 2001 | Country Profile
27 November 2001 | Map
Episodes of internal displacement in Uzbekistan have mainly occurred as a result of a Government campaign against suspected supporters of Islamic extremist groups. Today, an estimated 3000 persons are displaced after fighting between Government forces and armed insurgents in the Uzbek-Tajik border areas in August 2000 (U.S.OSCE 22 February 2001).
09 November 2001 | Country Profile
Following the September 11 events in the USA, the situation of Afghanistan has taken a new dramatic turn with the civilians yet again paying the highest price. Accused of harboring Osama Ben Laden, the prime suspect of the terrorist attacks, the Taleban are now facing the most serious threat to their regime since they came to power in 1996.
31 October 2001 | Country Profile
During British colonial rule in India, Kashmir was a quasi-independent state with a majority Muslim population but a Hindu ruler. After British rule of the subcontinent ended in 1947, dispute over Kashmir has been the flash point for two wars between India and Pakistan (IMTD 2001). Alongside the rival claims of India and Pakistan a rebel Muslim separatist movement has been active in the territory since 1989.
01 October 2001 | Country Profile
In the wake of the financial crisis that hit the country in 1998, religious and ethnic violence as well as renewed aspiration for separatism started to surface throughout the country, spreading rapidly from one area to another and leading to the displacement of more than 530,000 people in 1999
20 August 2001 | Country Profile
The main cause of displacement in Sri Lanka is the armed conflict between the LTTE (The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) and Government forces. Other war-related causes of displacement include forced recruitment by the LTTE, human rights abuse by both sides and inter-communal violence in the east (UNHCR November 2000).
06 June 2001 | Country Profile
The main cause for conflict-induced displacement in Afghanistan today is the civil war between the Taliban, who control 95% of the country and the Northern Alliance, a multi-ethnic opposition group with a stronghold in the North. Population displacement has also been caused by natural disasters, which occur with alarming regularity. Afghanistan currently faces its worst drought since 1971, affecting all segments of the population.
26 April 2001 | Country Profile
The main cause for displacement in the Philippines today is the conflict between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), a Muslim insurgent group that strives for self-determination on the southern island of Mindanao.
27 March 2001 | Country Profile