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IDMC

South Sudan: New displacement adds to critical humanitarian situation in the country since independence

After more than 50 years of civil war, the Republic of South Sudan declared independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011. Until that point, Sudan had been the largest country in Africa and as of the end of 2010 it was home to up to 5.2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) – more than any other country in the world (IDMC, 23 December 2010).

26 June 2012 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nigeria: Increasing violence continues to cause internal displacement

Internal displacement is a common consequence across Nigeria of inter-communal and political violence, flooding and forced evictions. While some of the conflicts appear to be caused by overlapping and mutually reinforcing regional, religious and ethnic divisions, but violence often stems from competition for scarce opportunities and communal resources.

08 June 2012 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uganda: Need to focus on returnees and remaining IDPs in transition to development

Since the 2006 signing of a cease-fire agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army there has been significant return of those displaced by conflict in northern Uganda. The overwhelming majority of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or resettled in new locations.

24 May 2012 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Secure tenure and land access still challenges for long-term IDPs

Up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) were living in mid-2011 in settlements in the north and centre of Burundi. They had been displaced by inter-ethnic and inter-communal violence which broke out after a 1993 coup d’état and the fighting between government forces and rebel groups which followed.

18 August 2011 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uganda: Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations.

28 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Durable solutions elusive as southern IDPs return and Darfur remains tense

At the end of 2010 at least 4.5 million people were internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten states of Southern Sudan.

23 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

21 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nigeria: Simmering tensions cause new displacement in the “middle belt”

In early 2010, unresolved conflicts and simmering tensions between different social and ethnic groups led to renewed displacement in the city of Jos in the heart of the “middle belt” region of Nigeria. As in the rest of the country, no clear figures on the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) were available for this latest incident of violence.

03 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Central African Republic: New displacement due to ongoing conflict and banditry

Armed conflict pitting government forces against various armed groups in northern areas of the Central African Republic (CAR) caused the internal displacement of more than 200,000 people between 2005 and 2008. Following the signing of peace and reconciliation agreements, their number fell to around 108,000, but since 2009 clashes between the army and a splinter rebel group, and attacks on civilians by the Lord’s Resistance Army have caused a new wave of displacement. As of November 2010, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) was estimated at over 192,000.

01 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Displacement and worsening humanitarian situation as a result of ongoing violence and conflict

Renewed fighting in Mogadishu and other areas of Somalia since May 2009 has displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians and also exacerbated the already desperate humanitarian situation of existing internally displaced people (IDPs), in particular the children and women among them.

30 July 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Chad: Prevailing insecurity blocking solutions for IDPs

Around 170,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad and living in 38 camps in mid-2010, as a result of internal armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence over land and natural resources, and attacks by bandits against civilians. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) had little or no means of sustaining themselves, making humanitarian assistance vital. Chad also hosts 270,000 Sudanese refugees in 12 camps along the eastern border with Sudan, and 81,000 Central African refugees in 11 camps along the southern border with CAR.

02 July 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Kenya: Speedy reform needed to deal with past injustices and prevent future displacement

In early 2008, an estimated 650,000 Kenyans were displaced and a further 1,300 lost their lives during two months of intense communal violence after the announcement of presidential and parliamentary election results.

10 June 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Rising inter-tribal violence in the south and renewed clashes in Darfur cause new waves of displacement

As of May 2010, at least 4.9 million people are internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten States of Southern Sudan, with unknown numbers of internally displaced people in the other northern and eastern States.

28 May 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Zimbabwe: Official acknowledgment of displacement yet to be translated into strategies for durable solutions

Hundreds of thousands of people in Zimbabwe remain internally displaced as a result of government policies and actions. The two largest groups of internally displaced people (IDPs) are farm workers and their families who have been displaced as a result of the fast-track land reform programme, which began in 2000 and continues to this day; and people displaced as a result of arbitrary evictions in Zimbabwe’s towns and cities.

21 May 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Chad: IDPs in east facing continuing violence and hardship

Around 168,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad in September 2009, as a result of conflict and human rights abuses related to tensions between Chad and Sudan, internal armed conflict, and inter-ethnic attacks against civilians. This number had fallen slightly from a 2008 high of 185,000, about one fifth of the population of eastern Chad. A profiling report showed in 2008 that 95 per cent of these internally displaced people (IDPs) were located in the Department of Dar Sila, and that almost 60 per cent were women between the ages of 15 and 40.

21 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Political and security crises, access limits and donor cuts increasing IDP vulnerability

Political stalemate, security crisis and the continuing conflict in Somalia between the UN-backed coalition government and armed opposition groups continue to expose internally displaced people (IDPs) to violations of their rights under international humanitarian and human rights law. An estimated one and a half million people were internally displaced in south and central Somalia as of November 2009.

10 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nigeria: Download Download the profile in English

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

19 November 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Long-term IDPs need land security

The security situation in Burundi improved markedly after the last rebel group in the country laid down its arms at the end of 2008, and no new conflict-induced displacement was reported in 2009. However, up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in sites in northern and central Burundi. Most of them, displaced in the 1990s or early 2000s following inter-ethnic violence and fighting between the government and rebel groups, have integrated in the neighbouring towns and villages they fled to, and the majority reportedly wish to remain in these sites.

01 October 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Algeria: National reconciliation fails to address needs of IDPs

Although Algeria has been affected by large-scale internal displacement caused by the internal conflict that has ravaged the country since the early 1990s, very little information is available on the current situation of the displaced and their numbers. The European Union estimated in 2002 that violence had displaced one million people, while others put the number as high as 1.5 million.

29 September 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Congo: Peace and oil dividends fail to benefit remaining IDPs and other vulnerable populations

A decade of armed conflict from 1993 caused the internal displacement of 800,000 people in the Republic of the Congo. Sparked by disputed parliamentary elections, the conflict lasted until the government and the “Ninja” rebels, the armed wing of the National Resistance Council (Conseil national de résistance, CNR) which originated from among the Lari ethnic group, signed a ceasefire agreement in 2003.

25 September 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Ethiopia: Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government. It is difficult to establish the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) as neither the government nor any international organisation has undertaken a profiling exercise.

03 September 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uganda: Returns outpace recovery planning

Since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in 2006, about two thirds of the 1.8 million IDPs who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin.

19 August 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Democratic Republic of Congo: Massive displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions

Fighting between militia groups and Congolese armed forces supported by the UN, as well as attacks and violence against civilians, caused the displacement of some 800,000 people in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during the first six months of 2009. As a result of these and earlier episodes, an estimated two million people were displaced in North and South Kivu and Orientale Province as of the end of July 2009.

12 August 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: 4.9 million IDPs across Sudan face ongoing turmoil

IDMC profile of the situations of internal displacement in Sudan. As a result of Sudan’s numerous conflicts, about 4.9 million people remain internally displaced in the country; together they make up the single largest internally displaced population in the world.

27 May 2009 | Country Profile

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