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Sudan: Internal displacement in brief

At least 470,000 people were newly displaced in Sudan in 2013.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Liberia: Internal displacement in brief

Liberia’s civil war forced some 500,000 people to flee their homes between 1989 and 2003.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Kenya: Internal displacement in brief

Since its independence, Kenya has experienced numerous waves of internal displacement caused by generalised violence, disasters and development projects.

31 December 2013 | Summary

South Sudan: Internal displacement in brief

There were at least 383,000 people displaced by violence and human rights violations in South Sudan as of the end of 2013.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Internal displacement in Sub-Saharan Africa

There were 12.5 million IDPs in the 21 sub-Saharan countries that IDMC monitors as of the end of 2013, more than a third of the global total. Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan had the largest populations of IDPs in Africa.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Central African Republic: Internal displacement in brief

Profiling exercises carried out in the areas of Kabo and Bamingui-Bangoran revealed that the majority of IDPs surveyed would prefer not to return to their places of origin

31 December 2013 | Summary

Zimbabwe: Internal displacement in brief

There was no information on the number of IDPs in Zimbabwe in 2013. In the absence of a comprehensive survey, the only figures available are estimates based on past needs assessments.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Uganda: Internal displacement in brief

Attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the government’s strategy of forcibly relocating civilians in displacement camps caused large-scale displacement in northern Uganda in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Nigeria: Internal displacement in brief

The Islamist armed group Boko Haram carried out an increasing number of brutal attacks during 2013, which triggered significant new displacement in north-eastern Nigeria.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Ethiopia: Internal displacement in brief

In Ethiopia both natural and man-made disasters displace thousands every year. As of December 2013 there were 316,000 people internally displaced in the country according to IOM and its partners.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Senegal: Internal displacement in brief

Sporadic clashes between the Senegalese army and the separatist Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC) reduced in number and intensity during 2013.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Burundi: Internal displacement in brief

No new displacements were reported in Burundi during 2013, despite tensions ahead of elections in 2015.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Chad: Internal displacement in brief

Armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence and attacks by criminal groups known as coupeurs de route forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes in Chad between 2006 and 2008.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Côte d'Ivoire: Internal Displacement in brief

Most of the one million people displaced by violence following the November 2010 elections in Côte d’Ivoire had managed to return to their homes by the end of 2013, thanks to significant security improvements in Abidjan and the west of the country.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Democratic Republic of Congo: Internal displacement in brief

There were at least 2,963,700 IDPs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as of the end of 2013, a slight increase on the figure for 2012.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Somalia: Internal displacement in brief

Somalia has witnessed more than two decades of conflict, violence, human rights violations and disasters, all of which have triggered repeated waves of displacement.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Mali: Internal displacement in brief

Mali began a slow recovery from crisis during 2013, after France led a military offensive in January to counter Islamist armed groups that made an unexpected push south from their stronghold in the north of the country.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Niger: Internal displacement in brief

Humanitarians have focused efforts on responding to the increasing food insecurity in the country, by targeting vulnerable groups including IDPs

31 December 2011 | Summary

Algeria: Internal displacement in brief

Informal settlements have grown significantly in Algiers, Blida, Médéa, Chlef, Tiaret, Sidi Bel Abbes, Relizane and Oran, and host many of those that were displaced

31 December 2010 | Summary

Eritrea: Internal displacement in brief

In 1993, in a referendum supported by Ethiopia, Eritreans voted almost unanimously for independence from Ethiopia.

31 December 2010 | Summary

Congo: Internal displacement in brief

No study of whether former IDPs have achieved durable solutions has been carried out, leaving unanswered the question of whether internal displacement has really ended

31 December 2008 | Summary

Rwanda: Internal displacement in brief

The Rwandan government encourages returns and considers returnees as a vulnerable group, at least in the context of economic development

31 December 2008 | Summary

Angola: Internal displacement in brief

Many IDPs settled in the towns and cities they had originally fled to, hoping to build livelihoods there, and so many of the urban poor are former IDPs living on land that is not theirs

12 December 2008 | Summary

Togo: Internal displacement in brief

The ongoing shaky political and security situation continues to impede full-scale return

31 December 2005 | Summary

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