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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria

Conflict-induced displacement in Nigeria is caused by several, individual conflicts. Available figures suggested that towards the end of 2001, a total of some 400,000 people were internally displaced, of which 300,000 resulted from the latest ethnic clashes in central Nigeria during October 2001.

28 November 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (November 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998 and caused the internal displacement of some 177,000 Ethiopians (UNCTE 2 February 1999, p. 2). More people were displaced when the fighting intensified in February 1999.

27 November 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea (October 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated in May 1998 into a major military confrontation that immediately caused the displacement of an estimated 100,000 Eritreans (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting during 1999 made the total number of IDPs reach 266,200 by the end of the year (UN January 2000, p.2).

31 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi

Despite hope of political stabilization in Burundi, there is still no cease-fire between the government and two of a number of rebel groups operating in Burundi. About 633,000 people are internally displaced, both in sites and dispersed throughout the country-side, out of a total population of 6.65 million (UN OCHA 12 October 2001).

22 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (October 2001)

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

08 October 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement

After a somewhat hopeful start in 2001, an upsurge in inter-clan fighting and a return to drought conditions have pushed Somalia back on the forsaken path that it has followed for over a decade. With little hope for peace in the near future, the people of Somalia remain some of the most vulnerable in the world.

01 August 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda

Internal displacement in Uganda is caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas, as well as violent cattle raids in the east. Although the conflict cannot be considered a countrywide civil war, it affects about one quarter of the country's 45 districts (UN November 1999).

09 June 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Seven years after the genocide, 66 percent of the Rwandan population remain under the poverty line and up to 1.5 million people live in inadequate shelters (WFP 4 December 2000 & OCHA 2 February 2001). Many were resettled in 1998-1999 by the Rwanda government in the context of the villagization process and there is a debate at the international level whether they should still be counted as internally displaced.

23 May 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (April 2001)

The dramatic situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s. At this time, political instability, accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions, had already resulted in the displacement of several hundred thousand people.

09 April 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998, causing the displacement of an estimated 100,000 Eritreans from the border areas (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting in February 1999 caused a new wave of displacement (RI 25 June 1999, SCF August 1999), bringing the total number of IDPs to 266,200 by the end of 1999. On 12 May 2000, Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea that led to a flow of people fleeing artillery and aerial bombardments, and forced the original IDP population to flee even further from the border.

02 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998 immediately displacing some 177,000 people (UNCTE 2 February 1999, p. 2). Intense fighting in February 1999 led to further displacement. Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea in May 2000, followed by a cease-fire agreement on 18 June 2000.

02 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone

Escalated rebel activity since May 2000 has hindered access to large areas of Sierra Leone, making the collection and verification of countrywide figures for the total internally displaced population difficult. Humanitarian agencies often refer to registered IDPs when providing figures, but a large number of non-registered IDPs live with host families or in hiding.

01 January 2001 | Country Profile

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