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Guinea-Bissau: Internal displacement in brief

Various obstacles have continued to hamper sustainable return and reintegration

31 December 2002 | Summary

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (December 2002)

Over 500,000 people have been displaced in the Democratic Republic of Congo this year, due mainly to intensified violence in the northeastern Ituri and eastern South Kivu regions. Despite a ceasefire and the withdrawal of foreign troops, over 2.5 million of about 50 million Congolese are now displaced. Most have been uprooted by fighting between rebel groups, attacks on civilians, and resource plundering.

19 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (December 2002)

Thousands of people who fled new fighting in the Republic of Congo are now facing a humanitarian crisis without aid in the war-torn Pool region. More than 40,000 of the newly displaced people are suffering malnutrition and face a looming catastrophe, in an area too insecure for humanitarian aid deliveries.

13 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of internal displacement Cote d'Ivoire

Many thousands of people have fled fighting, hardship and demolition of their houses in Cote d'Ivoire since a military uprising in September. Displaced civilians remain vulnerable, as the crisis looks set to deepen in the region.

02 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought, recurrent themes in the Horn of Africa. Out of a population of 3.5 million, more than 1 million people were forced to flee their homes during a ferocious border conflict with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998. Most were able to return following a ceasefire two years later, and by November 2002 only 58,180 people remained displaced (UN, November 2002, p.1).

27 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (November 2002)

Five years after the end of the brutal civil war that killed an estimated 200,000 people and forced more than half the country's 2.8 million population to flee their homes – 1.2 million of whom were internally displaced (US DOS, 1998) – lasting peace and stability in Liberia remained a pipe dream in 2002.

05 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (October 2002)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid–1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and unrelenting attacks since June 2002 by LRA troops in Kitgum, Pader and Gulu have displaced at least 50,000 additional people in northern Uganda only, according to official estimates. This rose the total number of displaced in the country to close to 700,000 IDPs, by contrast to an estimated 550,000 in February 2002.

11 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement : Zimbabwe (October 2002)

Since the release in July 2002 of the first version of this profile on internal displacement in Zimbabwe, the general food situation has become even more disastrous and there are clear indicators that an increasing number of people have been internally displaced by continuous political violence and the ongoing eviction of the commercial farmers.

08 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (September 2002)

In January 2002, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of Sierra Leone declared that his country's eleven year civil war was finally over. Just a few days earlier the UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) declared that more than 45,000 former fighters had handed in their weapons, marking the end of the government's disarmament programme.

23 September 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (September 2002)

Since 1993, the ethnic war in Burundi has caused the death of at least 250,000 persons, the vast majority of which have been civilians. The establishment of a power–sharing transitional government in November 2001 including ethnic Hutu and Tutsi representation, was seen by local and international observers as a positive step to solve the conflict.

11 September 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Angola: Profile of Internal Displacement (August 2002)

Angola bears the ignominy of having one of the largest internally displaced populations in the world, with some of the worst human development indicators, whilst at the same time producing vast mineral wealth that ends up on faraway foreign markets and consistently eludes ordinary Angolans.

09 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria (July 2002)

Approximately 500,000 people were forced to flee their homes after ethnic violence rocked Nigeria in October 2001, the majority of whom returned to their homes by mid-2002. Available figures suggested that towards July 2002, a total of at least 30,000 people remained internally displaced in Nigeria.

19 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement

Since the 1970s Somalia has been in a state of fluctuating complex emergency, characterized by more than one interstate and internal wars, major famines, and a serious humanitarian crisis in the 1990s, partly the result of international mismanagement. The Somali conflict has centered around the appropria tion of resources such as land, relief items, as well as control over the livestock trade.

03 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement : Zimbabwe (June 2002)

Zimbabwe - until the mid-1990s grouped among the more prosperous and politically stable countries in Africa -- has since then seen both her economy and political stability deteriorate. Population movements, both voluntary and forced, have become an increasingly visible aspect of the new situation.

15 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Senegal

Despite being hailed as a relatively peaceful and stable country in the African context, Senegal has been the scene of intermittent clashes between government forces and rebels of the separatist Mouvement des forces démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC) since the early 1980s.

12 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guinea Bissau

Although the prevailing instability in Guinea-Bissau following the civil war of 1998 – 1999 improved slightly, the political situation at the end of 2001 remained 'dangerous and volatile' (UN SC, 14 December 2001). While nearly all of the 300,000 to 350,000 persons initially displaced by the conflict in 1998 were thought to have returned to their homes, a string of ongoing political crises in 2001 and early 2002 continued to threaten peace and democracy in the country.

10 June 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (June 2002)

The Republic of Congo had been slowly recovering from a decade of political violence that left the country's infrastructure severely damaged and its people highly impoverished. Until March 2002, a tenuous peace was holding in the country, and the majority of the estimated 800,000 persons previously displaced by conflict had returned home.

06 June 2002 | Country Profile

Political tensions increase risk of future violence and displacement

While nearly all of those displaced by the conflict in 1998 were thought to have returned, a string of ongoing political crises in 2001 and early 2002 continued to threaten peace and democracy.

01 June 2002 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (May 2002)

Five years after the end of the brutal civil war that killed an estimated 200,000 people and forced more than half the country's 2.8 million population to flee their homes – 1.2 million of whom were internally displaced (US DOS, 1998) – lasting peace and stability in Liberia remained a pipe dream in 2002.

21 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (May 2002)

Since 1993, the ethnic war in Burundi has caused the death of at least 250,000 persons, the vast majority of which have been civilians. The establishment of a power–sharing transitional government in November 2001 including ethnic Hutu and Tutsi representation was seen by local and international observers as a positive step to solve the conflict.

14 May 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid–1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and about 550,000 people remained internally displaced by February 2002 (OCHA, March 2002).

10 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Angola: Profile of Internal Displacement (April 2002)

The sheer magnitude of the problem of internal displacement in Angola is numbing. The figures are staggering and the conditions that surround them nearly unimaginable. At the end of 2001, the UN put the total number of persons displaced since the beginning of the decades-long conflict at 4.1 million – a third of the country's 12 million inhabitants.

04 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya (April 2002)

Internal displacement in Kenya came to the forefront during the 1990s when escalated ethnic violence became closely linked to the re-introduction of multi party politics. As of March 2001 more than 200,000 Kenyans who had to leave their homes in the Rift Valley during the 1990s still remained internally displaced. The exact national figure is presently uncertain, return and resettlement have been spontaneous and new people have become displaced during recent years.

01 April 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (March 2002)

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

26 March 2002 | Country Profile

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