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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda

Described by a senior UN official as the “world’s biggest neglected humanitarian crisis”, the conflict in northern Uganda has now dragged on for more than 17 years. The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has more than doubled from about 650,000 in July 2002 to 1.4 million as of December 2003. The escalation of the conflict since June 2003 meant hundreds of thousands of people have poured into camps after fleeing direct attacks by the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army and regular fighting between the warring parties.

18 December 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic (October 2003)

The overthrowing of President elect, Ange-Felix Patassé by former General Francois Bozizé on 15 March 2003 marked the culmination of six months of fighting between rebels and troops loyal to the government of the Central African Republic (CAR). An estimated 200-300,000 were displaced by the fighting which was accompanied by massive violations of human rights, including rapes, summary executions and looting.

27 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (October 2003)

Almost one quarter of a million displaced Sierra Leoneans were resettled or had returned in their areas of origin by the end of 2002, according to UN figures, officially ending the situation of internal displacement in the country and further consolidating its recovery after more than a decade of devastating civil war.

15 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

During the 1990s more than half a million Kenyans were internally displaced because of violence along inter-ethnic lines instigated by the ruling KANU (Kenya African National Union) in response to the introduction of multi-party democracy. By repeatedly attacking tribal groups connected to opposition parties, KANU, which had been in office since independence in 1963, managed to cling to power until being finally voted in December 2002.

06 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement

Sudan is home to the world’s largest internally displaced population. An estimated four million people are currently internally displaced, and despite a ceasefire in 2002, fighting has continued in Sudan’s 20 year old civil war, causing hundreds of thousands more people to be displaced.

01 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Angola (September 2003)

Despite a successful ceasefire more than a year ago, and impressive rates of return, conditions for many of Angola’s millions of internally displaced people (IDPs) remain some of the most difficult and vulnerable of any in the world. Since April 2002, when the ceasefire was signed, up until June 2003, almost 2 ½ million internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their areas of origin. Many more of the remaining 1,4 million IDPs are expected to follow during the course of the year 2003. The majority of the returning and returned IDPs continue to receive assistance at distribution points established in the aftermath of the cease-fire. In spite of the improved humanitarian situation, overall levels of vulnerability are high with continued reports of human rights violations against returning IDPs perpetrated by the authorities.

09 September 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Senegal

Displacement of civilians caused by intermittent clashes between Senegalese government forces and rebels of the separatist Mouvement des forces démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC) continued to be reported in 2002 and 2003.

19 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (August 2003)

Over 360,000 people were displaced by a military confrontation between Ethiopia and Eritrea, which rose from a border dispute in May 1998. Many of them were able to return home after a ceasefire was declared in June 2000. As of August 2003, there were between 169,000 and 228,000 people unable to return to their areas of origin.

11 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)

Thousands of people displaced by fighting in the Republic of Congo may soon return home, encouraged by a new climate of peace that could finally end more than a decade of intermittent civil war.

04 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Almost three years after UN stopped classing people as IDPs in Rwanda, there are still nearly 200,000 relocated families in inadequate shelter. Their conditions are little different from those officially classified as internally displaced, despite UN claims that the situation in the country has “advanced beyond” this.

23 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile Internal Displacement: Burundi (June 2003)

As fierce fighting in Burundi has surged in recent months in defiance of the December 2002 ceasefire agreements, civilians are once again suffering displacement, death and disease. The smooth handover of power to a Hutu president, Domitien Ndayizeye, by his Tutsi predecessor Pierre Buyoya on 1 May 2003, has also failed to halt the conflict that has killed an estimated 300,000 people since its outbreak in 1993.

23 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (June 2003)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid-1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and unrelenting attacks by LRA troops in Kitgum, Pader and Gulu have displaced close to 200.000 additional people between July-August 2002 and May 2003 (OCHA August 2002, May 2003).

23 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement

Despite hopes raised by the peace deal and cease fire signed in October 2002, Somalis continue to flee a war unabated for over ten years. About 350,000 persons are internally displaced, about 5 percent of the Somali population. Most displaced are from southern minority groups and continue to suffer political and economic discrimination.

07 June 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria

Internal displacement in Nigeria was already in the headlines 30 years ago, when some two million people died and several millions became internally displaced during the Biafran war (1967-1970). While displacement of this magnitude has not reappeared since then, Nigeria has over the past four years seen a dramatic increase in communal violence.

28 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Many thousands of civilians have fled their homes in the latest round of inter-ethnic fighting to erupt in Bunia, the main town in DR Congo’s northeastern Ituri district, prompting top UN officials to warn of possible genocide. With rival ethnic militias battling for control of the town, amid reports of widespread killing and looting, UN peacekeepers (MONUC) are outnumbered and overwhelmed.

20 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic (May 2003)

Since its independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been an unstable country. Despite the economic potential of its natural resources (diamonds, gold, uranium and timber) and favourable environmental conditions for farming, CAR remains one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half of its 3.7 million inhabitants live in rural areas. Consequently, the ongoing conflict has hit people particularly hard in rural areas, as well as in Bangui and its suburb. The political, economical and social situation has worsened since the mid-1990s. Since 1996, people have regularly been forced to flee because of the violence associated with repeated mutinies, attempted military coups and prolonged fighting between government forces and rebels, including arbitrary killings and sexual violence.

14 May 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (April 2003)

Some 220,000 internally displaced Sierra Leoneans were resettled in their areas of origin by the end of 2002, according to UN figures, officially ending the situation of internal displacement in the country and further consolidating its recovery after more than a decade of devastating civil war.

03 April 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2003)

In 1993, Ethiopia and Eritrea, a former Ethiopian province, separated on good terms, thereby creating two sovereign states. In May 1998, however, tensions over a region under Ethiopian administration escalated into an all-out war, with Ethiopia accusing Eritrea of invading its territory.

17 March 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Angola (February 2003)

More than 1 million internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their areas of origin in Angola following the ceasefire in April 2002. Many more of the remaining 2.8 million IDPs are expected to follow in 2003. Yet returning IDPs face ongoing human rights abuses and grim humanitarian conditions. Those IDPs returning to areas without humanitarian support and with no basic social services in place will be among the most vulnerable populations in 2003.

18 February 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (February 2003)

Many thousands of people have been temporarily displaced in recent months by fighting between the Burundian government and two armed Hutu rebel groups. Up to 100,000 people are being displaced each month in worst affected areas, many of them moving from hilltop to hilltop in search of safety. Temporarily displaced people, most of them women and children, are among the most vulnerable people in Burundi.

05 February 2003 | Country Profile

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