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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

When the KANU (Kenya African National Union) government was voted out in December 2002 after almost 40 years in power, around 350,000 remaining internally displaced people (IDPs) regained hopes of returning to the land they had been forced to flee during the 1990s. However, the new government has not lived up to expectations that it would resolve the causes of the displacement and resettle or compensate the IDPs.

30 November 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Kenya: Tensions rise as government fails to address internal displacement

When the KANU (Kenya African National Union) government was voted out in December 2002 after almost 40 years in power, around 350,000 remaining internally displaced people (IDPs) regained hopes of returning to the land they had been forced to flee during the 1990s.

30 November 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Internally displaced Somalis face uncertain future after years of state collapse

An enormous task confronts the new President of Somalia, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, if he is to restore security and a functioning government after 13 years of total state collapse. Despite rising expectations in the new government, Somalis continue to flee warfare, which has lasted for over a decade, claimed up to half a million lives and left the country with some of the lowest development indicators in the world.

24 November 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement (November 2004)

An enormous task confronts the new President of Somalia, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, if he is to restore security and a functioning government after 13 years of total state collapse. Despite rising expectations in the new government, Somalis continue to flee warfare, which has lasted for over a decade, claimed up to half a million lives and left the country with some of the lowest development indicators in the world.

24 November 2004 | Country Profile

Internally displaced Somalis face uncertain future after years of state collapse

Despite expectations after the installation of a new government, Somalis continue to face an uncertain future after years of state collapse.

01 November 2004 | Publication

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. More than three million people have died as a result of the conflict which was accompanied by widespread human rights violations, including systematic killings and rape. The UN estimates that over 2.3 million people remain displaced.

25 October 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cote d'Ivoire (October 2004)

More than two years after the attempted coup that effectively split Côte d’Ivoire in half, the faltering peace process has once again all but collapsed – dashing hopes of safe and sustainable return for some 500,000 internally displaced Ivorians.

19 October 2004 | Country Profile

Sierra Leone: Internal displacement in brief

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre is no longer actively following the situation in Sierra Leone.

01 October 2004 | Summary

IDMC

Exit Paper: Sierra Leone

With the return of Sierra Leone’s internally displaced people following the end of the armed conflict in 2002, the Global IDP Project is no longer actively monitoring the situation in that country.

01 October 2004 | Briefing Paper

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (September 2004)

After 14 years of intermittent civil war in which rival factions killed up to a quarter of a million people and systematically plundered and destroyed the country, Liberia’s estimated 430,000 internally displaced people may finally see some cause for optimism.

30 September 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Zimbabwe: A hidden displacement crisis

Internal displacement in Zimbabwe – once the second richest country in sub-Saharan Africa – has been caused by various internal and external factors that have since the late 1990s assured the country’s severe economic and social decline. Population movements have become an increasingly visible and common reality against a backdrop of political violence and a critical humanitarian situation.

08 September 2004 | Overview

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement : Zimbabwe

Internal displacement in Zimbabwe – once the second richest country in sub-Saharan Africa – has been caused by various internal and external factors that have since the late 1990s assured the country’s severe economic and social decline. Population movements have become an increasingly visible and common reality against a backdrop of political violence and a critical humanitarian situation.

07 September 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic

More than a year after the coup of March 2003, which followed six months of intense fighting, insecurity and small-scale displacement persist. The new "Transitional Government" is planning elections for January 2005 but has not succeeded in restoring state structures and peace sufficiently to allow people to resume pursuit of normal livelihoods.

04 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

At the height of the (1998-2000) border war with Ethiopia there were 1.1 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Eritrea. This number has fallen but there are still 60,000 people who cannot return home because of the tensions that persist around the border demarcation process. The physical marking out of the frontier, originally scheduled to start in May 2003, has been delayed indefinitely.

03 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

There are some 130,000 people internally displaced (IDPs) in Ethiopia due to conflicts. This figure includes 62,000 persons in Tigray who have been displaced by the military confrontation which arose from a border dispute in May 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Since 2003, about 51,000 people in Gambella have been displaced by ethnic clashes and power struggles.

13 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cote d'Ivoire (June 2004)

Since Côte d’Ivoire’s faltering peace process all but collapsed with the violent suppression of an opposition demonstration in Abidjan in March 2004, when government security forces and allied militia killed at least 120 civilians, the deteriorating security situation has further endangered thousands of already vulnerable internally displaced people (IDPs) throughout the country.

24 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)

The civil wars that hit the Republic of Congo intermittently in the decade after 1992, the year of the first democratic elections, displaced up to 800,000 people. Most of these had either returned or settled down in their areas of displacement when hostilities broke out again in March 2002.

26 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement (May 2004)

Since the 1980s, the conflict ravaging Sudan has generated the world's largest internally displaced population. Over four million people have fled their homes to escape fighting between government troops, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and several smaller militia groups.

19 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (May 2004)

Despite the apparent move towards peace in Liberia in recent months – witnessed by the signing of the August 2003 peace agreement, the flight into exile of former president Charles Taylor and the deployment of an eventual 15,000-strong UN peacekeeping mission – the situation of thousands of the country’s displaced remains desperate.

17 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement (May 2004)

Despite hopes raised by the ceasefire signed in October 2002, Somalis continue to flee a war which has continued for over ten years. Some 375,000 people are internally displaced, about five per cent of the population of a country which has been in a state of collapse longer than any other.

06 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Angola

The ceasefire agreed between the Angolan government and UNITA in 2002 ended 27 years of civil war and provided the momentum for millions of internally displaced people (IDPs) to return home. More than four million people were displaced before the ceasefire. In early 2004, 450,000 of them were still waiting to go back to their homes, while around 400,000 were expected to settle permanently in their current place of residence. The majority of those IDPs who were able to return have faced a lack of basic services and food insecurity, as well a widespread threat of land mines.

30 March 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi

Since the early 1990s, hundreds of thousands of Burundians have fled their homes to escape fighting between the government and Hutu rebel groups seeking to put an end to the political dominance of the Tutsi minority.

26 March 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement (March 2004)

Since the 1980s, the conflict ravaging Sudan has generated the world's largest internally displaced population. Over four million people have fled their homes to escape fighting between government troops, the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and several smaller militia groups.

15 March 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan

A government decision to cancel elections in 1991 sparked off fighting between government forces and Islamist groups that ravaged Algeria throughout the 1990s. As government forces gained control in the major towns, armed attacks, massacres and large-scale human rights violations continued in rural areas, leading to massive displacement from the countryside to the outskirts of nearby cities. The precise number of Algerians displaced by the political violence is impossible to assess given the information void that has pervaded the conflict in Algeria since its onset.

04 March 2004 | Country Profile

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