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‘I am a Refugee in My Own Country’: Conflict-Induced Internal Displacement in Kenya

This report outlines the complex issues around internal displacement in Kenya.

01 December 2006 | Publication

IDMC

IDP return picks up despite glaring lack of reintegration support

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting be-tween rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by wide-spread human rights violations.

31 October 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDP return picks up despite glaring lack of reintegration support

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

31 October 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Côte d’Ivoire: IDPs face deepening protection crisis as political tensions rise again

With the impossibility of holding elections by 31 October as scheduled, and the unwillingness of politicians to unblock the deepening impasse in the peace process, Côte d’Ivoire’s 750,000 IDPs are increasingly in need of protection and assistance.

09 October 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Somalia: Window of opportunity for addressing one of the world’s worst internal displacement crises (October 2006)

The take-over by the Islamist Court Union (ICU) of Mogadishu and large parts of Somalia’s centre and south have added a high degree of unpredictability to an already very precarious political situation. The effect on humanitarian activities for over two million vulnerable people, including an estimated 400,000 people internally displaced by drought and conflict remains very uncertain.

04 October 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Fear of renewed displacement as rise of Islamists heightens tensions

The take-over by the Islamist Court Union (ICU) of Mogadishu and large parts of Somalia’s centre and south have added a high degree of unpredictability to an already very precarious political situation. The effect on humanitarian activities for over two million vulnerable people, including an estimated 400,000 people internally displaced by drought and conflict remains very uncertain.

02 October 2006 | Overview

Uganda: Only Peace Can Restore the Confidence of the Displaced, 2nd Edition

Updated report produced with the Refugee Law Project (RLP) assesses the implementation of the recommendations made by the UN Secretary-General's Representative on IDPs following his visit to Uganda in August 2003.

01 October 2006 | Publication

Internal displacement in DRC

01 October 2006 | Map

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Badme area escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998. Since then the war has been characterised by months of relative quiet interrupted by renewed fighting. Intense fighting took place in particular during February 1999 causing waves of people to flee the border areas.

26 September 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Senegal: New fighting threatens return of remaining IDPs

Despite the scarcity of information on the numbers, it is estimated that during 2005 more than 65 percent of the people displaced from their homes in the southern region of Casamance were able to return.

25 September 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Heightened risk of violence and displacement ahead of 2007 elections

Ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Since internal dis-placement in Nigeria is often short-term, and most IDPs seek refuge with host families, data on the scope of the problem is scarce and no accurate estimates of the current number of IDPs exist.

21 September 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Nigeria: Heightened risk of violence and displacement ahead of 2007 elections

Ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Since internal displacement in Nigeria is often short-term, and most IDPs seek refuge with host families, data on the scope of the problem is scarce and no accurate estimates of the current number of IDPs exist.

21 September 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Slow IDP return to south while Darfur crisis continues unabated

More than one year after the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which ended 21 years of civil war between the central government and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army, there are still an estimated five million internally displaced people in Sudan, including 1.8 million from the separate conflict in the western Darfur region.

17 August 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Sudan: Slow IDP return to south while Darfur crisis continues unabated

Today IDMC released a new profile of the situations of internal displacement in Sudan. As a result of Sudan’s numerous conflicts, about 4.9 million people remain internally displaced in the country; together they make up the single largest internally displaced population in the world.

17 August 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Liberia: Key challenge is ensuring sustainability of IDP return

In April 2006 the IDP return process in Liberia was officially declared over. More than 314,000 IDPs had been returned to their areas of origin in 18 months and a total of 35 camps were closed, formally marking the end of a 17-year era during which much of Liberia’s 3 million population had at some time been internally displaced.

03 August 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Algeria: Return continues amid improved security

Conflict between the government and insurgent groups displaced at least one million Algerians between 1992 and 2002. Fighting and attacks targeting the civil population forced large numbers to flee rural areas and find security in nearby urban centres. Today, government forces have largely regained control over rural areas and a large majority of the former insurgents have accepted an amnesty offered by President Bouteflika and approved by the Algerian people in a referendum during fall 2005.

04 July 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Return continues amid improved security

Conflict between the government and insurgent groups displaced at least one million Algerians between 1992 and 2002. Fighting and attacks targeting the civil population forced large numbers to flee rural areas and find security in nearby urban centres.

04 July 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Uganda: Renewed international and national attention yields only limited improvements for the displaced

Between 1.7 and two million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), as continued insecurity caused by Karamojong warriors has resulted in new displacement in the eastern part of the country.

30 June 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Uganda: Profile of Internal displacement (June 2006)

Between 1.7 and two million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), as continued insecurity caused by Karamojong warriors has resulted in new displacement in the eastern part of the coun-try. While the number of attacks on civilians has decreased, LRA rebels continue to maintain a presence in northern Uganda and the overall security situation remains fluid and unpredictable. Abuses of civilians continue to be committed by the Ugandan military, and in particular by local defence units.

30 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Eritrea: Uncertain future for thousands of returning IDPs

The vast majority of the 1.1 million people displaced by the 1998-2000 border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have long gone home. But Ethiopia's refusal to accept the decision of an international arbitration commission has left some 40,000 Eritrean internally displaced people (IDPs) still unable to return. Discussions between the two countries and the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission (EEBC) in May 2006 ended without result, apart from the UN Security Council’s decision to further reduce the border monitoring presence of the UN Mission to Eritrea and Ethiopia (UNMEE). Precise IDP figures are unavailable, but the total was expected to fall throughout 2006 from the 2005 total of 45,000. The Eritrean government gave a figure of 8,900 households as of March 2006.

13 June 2006 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uncertain future for thousands of returning IDPs

The vast majority of the 1.1 million people displaced by the 1998-2000 border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have long gone home. But Ethiopia's refusal to accept the decision of an international arbitration commission has left some 40,000 Eritrean internally displaced people (IDPs) still unable to return.

13 June 2006 | Overview

IDMC

Côte d’Ivoire: Protection needs of IDPs remain acute, despite modest political progress

After almost four years of seemingly intractable political crisis that has kept Côte d’Ivoire split in half and some 700,000 IDPs in government-controlled areas, there may at last be room for a small glimmer of optimism about the prospects of peace.

09 June 2006 | Overview

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