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IDMC

Algeria: Towards durable solutions for IDPs?

While security has steadily improved in the past few years, potential obstacles to finding durable solutions for IDPs seem to persist with access to livelihoods remaining the major concern. Moreover, as confirmed by the April and December 2007 bombings in the capital Algiers and by a number of other security incidents throughout 2007, clashes continue between the Algerian security forces and remaining armed groups, notably the organisation called “al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb”. This latest resurgence in violence seems at the same time to challenge the process of national reconciliation promoted by President Bouteflika and approved by the Algerian people in a 2005 referendum.

19 December 2007 | Country Profile

Former IDPs share the common challenge of recovery and reconstruction

Only 15% of people who returned moved through an organised process, while 70% returned spontaneously, without any aid from local authorities or humanitarian organisations

12 December 2007 | Overview

IDMC

CRC Submission 2007

Chad’s current crisis of internal displacement due to conflict is relatively new, dating back to 2006. From the beginning of 2006 to August 2007, approximately 180,000 people were displaced, most of whom were women and children.

01 December 2007 | Human Rights Mechanism

IDMC

Worsening humanitarian crisis as internal displacement escalates in the east

Following major new displacement in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a total of at least 1.4 million people remained internally displaced in the DRC as of No-vember 2007. Fighting between Congolese armed forces and dissident troops and militias, as well as widespread human rights violations committed by all groups, caused the dis-placement of at least 500,000 people in eastern DRC in 2007, particularly in North Kivu province.

29 November 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Ethiopia: Addressing the rights and needs of people displaced by conflict

Relatively little is known about the extent and nature of conflict-induced internal displacement in Ethiopia. Numerous small-scale conflicts and displacement situations receive little to no attention.

30 October 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Institutional mechanisms fail to address recurrent violence and displacement

Outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Complex displacement patterns and the marked lack of detailed and consistent data on the scope of the problem consistently aggravate the already poorly coordinated humanitarian response.

29 October 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Nigeria: Institutional mechanisms fail to address recurrent violence and displacement

Outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999.

29 October 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Outlook for IDPs remains bleak

In southern Sudan, around 140,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their homes in the first six months of 2007, adding to more than one million IDPs estimated to have returned since the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) be-tween the central government and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army.

12 October 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Sudan: Outlook for IDPs remains bleak

In southern Sudan, around 140,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their homes in the first six months of 2007, adding to more than one million IDPs estimated to have returned since the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the central government and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army.

03 October 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement

Over half a million people have been displaced in Sudan, aggravating the world's largest internal displacement crisis despite a peace deal signed last year. Since January 2002, some 550,000 Sudanese fled attacks by the Khartoum government in southern oil-rich regions, and at least 30,000 more fled fighting between government and rebel groups.

03 October 2007 | Country Profile

Internal displacement in Ethiopia

01 October 2007 | Map

Ethiopia: Addressing the rights and needs of people displaced by conflict

Relatively little is known about the extent and nature of conflict-induced internal displacement in Ethiopia. This report aims to explore the issues faced by internally displaced people in more detail using information gathered by IDMC during a fact-finding mission in 2007

01 October 2007 | Publication

IDMC

New evictions likely as humanitarian crisis worsens

In May 2005, the Zimbabwean government initiated an extraordinary campaign of forced evictions and demolitions resulting in the internal displacement of an estimated 570,000 people, many of whom remain in transit camps and have limited access to assistance.

20 August 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Zimbabwe: New evictions likely as humanitarian crisis worsens

In May 2005, the Zimbabwean government initiated an extraordinary campaign of forced evictions and demolitions resulting in the internal displacement of an estimated 570,000 people, many of whom remain in transit camps and have limited access to assistance.

20 August 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Liberia: Focus for IDP returnees moves from conflict to development

With the return of the remaining registered internally displaced people (IDPs) in December 2006, the process of resolving Liberia’s internal displacement crisis was considered complete.

27 July 2007 | Country Profile

Focus for IDP returnees moves from conflict to development

Despite the fact that the humanitarian crisis is over, the humanitarian needs of many people in Liberia remain considerable

27 July 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Internally displaced in Chad: Trapped between civil conflict and Sudan’s Darfur crisis

Over the last two years, an estimated 172,600 people have been internally displaced in the south-eastern regions of Chad bordering Sudan’s Darfur, including more than 120,000 within the last seven months. They have been displaced by a combination of armed conflict between the government and rebel groups, cross-border raids by militias from neighbouring Sudan, and increasing inter-communal violence.

11 July 2007 | Country Profile

Internally displaced in Chad: Trapped between civil conflict and Sudan's Darfur crisis

IDMC recommendations solutions for decades long crisis of forced displacement in East Chad caused by armed conflict, cross-border raids from neighbouring Sudan and spiralling inter-communal violence.

01 July 2007 | Publication

IDMC

CEDAW Submission Kenya 2007

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), established in 1998 by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), monitors conflict-induced internal displacement worldwide. The Geneva-based Centre runs an online database providing comprehensive and regularly updated information and analysis on internal displacement in more than 50 countries. It contributes to improving national and international capacities to protect and assist the millions of people around the globe who have been displaced within their own country as a result of conflicts or human rights violations.

14 June 2007 | Human Rights Mechanism

IDMC

Côte d’Ivoire: Progress in the peace process allows cautious optimism for IDPs

Côte d’Ivoire’s 700,000 or more internally displaced persons (IDPs) are witnessing a new opportunity for cautious optimism, after the Government and rebel Forces Nouvelles leaders directly negotiated and signed the Ouagadougou Peace Accord on 4 March 2007.

07 June 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Returns outnumber new displacements in the east

Despite successful elections held in the second half of 2006 and an overall increase in the level of stability, over a million people remained displaced in the east of the the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as of March 2007. Operations by Congolese armed forces to disarm militias, as well as human rights violations committed by both these forces and the militias, continued to cause frequent displacement in eastern provinces.

27 April 2007 | Overview

IDMC

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Returns outnumber new displacements in the east

Despite successful elections held in the second half of 2006 and an overall increase in the level of stability, over a million people remained displaced in the east of the the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as of March 2007. Operations by Congolese armed forces to disarm militias, as well as human rights violations committed by both these forces and the militias, continued to cause frequent displacement in eastern provinces.

26 April 2007 | Country Profile

IDMC

Massive new displacements as power struggle in Mogadishu flares up again

Since the rout of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) by Somalia's transitional government and its Ethiopian allies during the last days of 2006, southern Somalia and the capital Mogadishu have slipped gradually back towards the violence and anarchy of recent years.

24 April 2007 | Overview

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