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Algeria: Internal displacement in brief

Informal settlements have grown significantly in Algiers, Blida, Médéa, Chlef, Tiaret, Sidi Bel Abbes, Relizane and Oran, and host many of those that were displaced

31 December 2010 | Summary

Eritrea: Internal displacement in brief

In 1993, in a referendum supported by Ethiopia, Eritreans voted almost unanimously for independence from Ethiopia.

31 December 2010 | Summary

IDMC

Uganda: Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations.

28 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Difficulties continue for returnees and remaining IDPs as development phase begins

In the four years passed since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army, return has taken place in northern Uganda at a rapid rate. More than 90 per cent of the 1.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs) who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin or have resettled in new locations. Only an estimated 182,000 IDPs remain in camps or transit sites as of December 2010.

28 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Durable solutions elusive as southern IDPs return and Darfur remains tense

At the end of 2010 at least 4.5 million people were internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten states of Southern Sudan.

23 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Sudan: Durable solutions elusive as southern IDPs return and Darfur remains tense

At the end of 2010 at least 4.5 million people were internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten states of Southern Sudan.

23 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

21 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDPs pay an unacceptable price

As of September 2010, there were more than 1.7 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the vast majority of them in the eastern provinces of North and South Kivu. Most fled their homes to escape fighting between rebels groups and the Congolese armed forces supported (in some cases) by the UN, while others are victims of direct attacks and violence perpetrated by the warring parties.

21 December 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nigeria: Simmering tensions cause new displacement in the “middle belt”

In early 2010, unresolved conflicts and simmering tensions between different social and ethnic groups led to renewed displacement in the city of Jos in the heart of the “middle belt” region of Nigeria. As in the rest of the country, no clear figures on the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) were available for this latest incident of violence.

03 December 2010 | Country Profile

Security remains fragile ahead of UN troop withdrawal and presidential election

Civilians have suffered a range of abuses, including killings, the looting and burning of villages, destruction of fields, loss of livelihoods, sexual violence and the abduction and recruitment of children.

01 December 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Central African Republic: New displacement due to ongoing conflict and banditry

Armed conflict pitting government forces against various armed groups in northern areas of the Central African Republic (CAR) caused the internal displacement of more than 200,000 people between 2005 and 2008. Following the signing of peace and reconciliation agreements, their number fell to around 108,000, but since 2009 clashes between the army and a splinter rebel group, and attacks on civilians by the Lord’s Resistance Army have caused a new wave of displacement. As of November 2010, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) was estimated at over 192,000.

01 December 2010 | Country Profile

National outrage: Violence against internally displaced women and girls in eastern Chad

IDMC examines widespread violence against internally displaced women and girls in Eastern Chad.

01 November 2010 | Publication

The Kampala Convention: Making it real

The adoption of the Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Africa by the African Union (AU) in October 2009 has been described as an historic accomplishment. The so-called Kampala Convention is the first legally binding regional instrument in the world to impose on states the obligation to protect and assist IDPs.

01 October 2010 | Publication

IDMC

Côte d’Ivoire: Quest for durable solutions continues as the electoral process moves forward

While the implementation of the Ouagadougou Peace Accord saw some progress in mid- 2010, in particular with the announcement of a new date for the elections and agreement on the voter list, fears of renewed violence and further displacement remain. At the same time, internally displaced people (IDPs) continue to struggle for durable solutions

22 September 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Southern Sudan: Overcoming obstacles to durable solutions now – building stability for the future

After two and a half decades of war, the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army brought relative peace to Southern Sudan and provided the opportunity for some reconstruction.

01 August 2010 | Briefing Paper

IDMC

Displacement and worsening humanitarian situation as a result of ongoing violence and conflict

Renewed fighting in Mogadishu and other areas of Somalia since May 2009 has displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians and also exacerbated the already desperate humanitarian situation of existing internally displaced people (IDPs), in particular the children and women among them.

30 July 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Somalia: Displacement and worsening humanitarian situation as a result of ongoing violence and conflict

Renewed fighting in Mogadishu and other areas of Somalia since May 2009 has displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians and also exacerbated the already desperate humanitarian situation of existing internally displaced people (IDPs), in particular the children and women among them.

30 July 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Chad: Prevailing insecurity blocking solutions for IDPs

Around 170,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad and living in 38 camps in mid-2010, as a result of internal armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence over land and natural resources, and attacks by bandits against civilians. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) had little or no means of sustaining themselves, making humanitarian assistance vital. Chad also hosts 270,000 Sudanese refugees in 12 camps along the eastern border with Sudan, and 81,000 Central African refugees in 11 camps along the southern border with CAR.

02 July 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Prevailing insecurity blocking solutions for IDPs

Around 170,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad and living in 38 camps in mid-2010, as a result of internal armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence over land and natural resources, and attacks by bandits against civilians. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) had little or no means of sustaining themselves, making humanitarian assistance vital.

02 July 2010 | Overview

Making the Kampala Convention work for IDPs

Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement and the experiences, laws and policies of African states, the Kampala Convention represents an important milestone in the protection of IDPs’ rights.

01 July 2010 | Publication

New displacement and challenges to durable solutions in Casamance

New clashes between the Senegalese army and members of the separatist Movement of Democratic Forces in the Casamance (MFDC) have caused new displacements since 2009 and hindered durable solutions for long-term internally displaced people (IDPs).

10 June 2010 | Overview

IDMC

Speedy reform needed to deal with past injustices and prevent future displacement

In early 2008, an estimated 650,000 Kenyans were displaced and a further 1,300 lost their lives during two months of intense communal violence after the announcement of presidential and parliamentary election results.

10 June 2010 | Overview

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