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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998, causing the displacement of an estimated 100,000 Eritreans from the border areas (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting in February 1999 caused a new wave of displacement (RI 25 June 1999, SCF August 1999), bringing the total number of IDPs to 266,200 by the end of 1999. On 12 May 2000, Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea that led to a flow of people fleeing artillery and aerial bombardments, and forced the original IDP population to flee even further from the border.

02 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (March 2001)

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998 immediately displacing some 177,000 people (UNCTE 2 February 1999, p. 2). Intense fighting in February 1999 led to further displacement. Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea in May 2000, followed by a cease-fire agreement on 18 June 2000.

02 March 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone

Escalated rebel activity since May 2000 has hindered access to large areas of Sierra Leone, making the collection and verification of countrywide figures for the total internally displaced population difficult. Humanitarian agencies often refer to registered IDPs when providing figures, but a large number of non-registered IDPs live with host families or in hiding.

01 January 2001 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

By the end of 2000, it is unclear how many Kenyans remained displaced given the spontaneous resettlement of some populations and new displacement of others during recent years. USCR estimated that 100,000 Kenyans remained internally displaced by the end of 1999 (USCR 2000)

21 December 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi

Large-scale political and communal violence has plagued Burundi since 1993, following the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye. The current President, Major Buyoya, took power in a military coup in 1996. In response to the coup, governments of neighboring states imposed an economic embargo. The embargo was lifted in January 1999, after Buyoya agreed to a power sharing agreement in the National Assembly and began negotiations for a peace settlement with opposing parties and armed opposition groups.

07 December 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (November 2000)

The present situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s when political instability accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions caused several hundreds of thousands of people to become displaced and/or forced to resettle (USCR 1995, p.82).

24 November 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Six years after the genocide Rwanda is still living with consequences. Although most people who fled their homes in the aftermath of the genocide have returned home, problems of displacement continued in 1997/98 with a rebel insurgency in the north. Currently about 1.5 million people are considered by the UN to be in a 'refugee-like situation' (OCHA 10 Oct 2000).

30 October 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Badame area broke out into a major military confrontation in May 1998, displacing an estimated 100,000 Eritreans from the border areas (USCR 1999, p.64). Renewed fighting in February 1999 caused a new wave of displacement (RI 25 June 1999, SCF August 1999), bringing the total number of IDPs to 266,200 by the end of 1999. On 12 May 2000, Ethiopia initiated a major military offensive deep into Eritrea which forced the original IDP population to flee even further from the border.

11 October 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone

Escalated rebel activity since May 2000 has made it impossible to collect and verify updated and country-wide figures for the total internally displaced population in Sierra Leone.

12 September 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (July 2000)

The present situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s when political instability accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions caused several hundreds of thousands of people to become displaced and/or forced to resettle (USCR 1995, p.82).

27 July 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internal Displacement in Burundi

Population displacement, which has been a regular feature of communal violence in Burundi since 1993, now affects more than 670,000 persons or about 10% of the total population. Most of the long-term displaced are living in the 320 sites throughout the country.

30 June 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced Persons in Sierra Leone

Limited access to rebel controlled areas has made humanitarian organisations hesitant to estimate the total number of IDPs in Sierra Leone, but FAO reported the total IDP population to be 1,2 million by the end of 1999 – about one-fourth of the total population (FAO 4 February 2000, para. 4.2).

01 May 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced Persons in Eritrea

A border dispute in the Badme area between Eritrea and Ethiopia in May 1998 broke out into a major military confrontation. Intense fighting in February 1999 caused waves of people to flee from the border areas. In July 1998 a peace proposal was formulated under the auspices of the OAU, the UN, USA and the European Union. Eritrea has accepted the proposal however Ethiopia wants further revisions to the technical aspects of its implementation (UNDP EUE 24 March 2000).

01 April 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced Person in Ethiopia

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Badme area escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998. Since then the war has been characterised by months of relative quiet interrupted by renewed fighting along the border down to the Assab area. Intense fighting took in particular place in February 1999 causing waves of people to flee the attacks in the border areas.

01 April 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced in Uganda

Internal displacement in Uganda is the result of armed conflict in northern and western areas. Although the conflict cannot be considered a countrywide civil war, it affects about one quarter of the country's 45 districts (UN November 1999). The UN estimated the number of IDPs to be 621,958 by the end of January 2000 (UNHCU 18 February 2000, p.6).

01 February 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced Persons in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

The present situation of internal displacement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a result of events which started in the early 1990s when political instability accompanied by inter-ethnic rivalry in the central and eastern regions caused several hundreds of thousands of people to become displaced and/or forced to resettle (

01 February 2000 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally Displaced in Uganda

Internal displacement in Uganda is the result of armed conflict in northern and western areas. Although the conflict cannot be considered a countrywide civil war, it affects about one quarter of the country's 45 districts (UN November 1999).

01 December 1999 | Country Profile

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