Reducing displacement risk in the Greater Horn of Africa

This thematic report presents the first baseline for displacement risk associated with sudden-onset disasters in the countries of the Greater Horn of Africa with the ultimate aim of reducing future displacement.

26 September 2017 | Publication

“A recipe for violence”: The impact of Burundi’s downward spiral on displacement

An eye witness account on the current displacement situation in Burundi where thousands of people are fleeing their homes due to political unrest.

22 December 2015 | Blog Post

Burundi: guarded optimism that long-term IDPs may achieve durable solutions

In Burundi, thousands of IDPs still live in protracted displacement. Their prospects for durable solutions might increase with the forthcoming elections and the renewed engagement of the government.

04 March 2015 | Overview

Why now is not the time for UN watchdogs to drop the ball on the DRC

With reports of the re-emergence of the notorious M23 armed group within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), IDMC’s argues for the renewal of the mandate of the ‘United Nations Group of Experts’, due to expire February 2014.

14 January 2014 | Blog Post

Multiple crises hamper prospects for durable solutions

DRC is home to an estimated 2.7 million IDPs, making it one of the largest internal displacement crises in the world. Despite international attention being focussed on other areas of the world at the moment, the humanitarian community cannot allow the people of DRC to be left in the shadows.

14 January 2014 | Overview

Democratic Republic of Congo: Internal displacement in brief

There were at least 2,963,700 IDPs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as of the end of 2013, a slight increase on the figure for 2012.

31 December 2013 | Summary

Africa’s ground-breaking convention on internal displacement reaches first anniversary

In a report released one year after the Kampala Convention came into force, the African Union Commission together with the IDMC take a look back to see what progress has been

06 December 2013 | Blog Post



IDMC's Rwanda page provides an overview of the latest figures and key concerns facing internally displaced people in the country.

31 July 2012 | Country Page



31 July 2012 | Country Profile Page

Secure tenure and land access still challenges for long-term IDPs

IDPs lack security of tenure in the settlements they live in, and many are far from the land on which they depend for survival

18 August 2011 | Overview

Peace and oil dividends fail to benefit remaining IDPs and other vulnerable populations

A quarter of the population were internally displaced during the 1990s by armed conflict in the Pool region between government forces and rebels

25 September 2009 | Overview

Rwanda: Internal displacement in brief

The Rwandan government encourages returns and considers returnees as a vulnerable group, at least in the context of economic development

31 December 2008 | Summary

Internal displacement in Rwanda

01 November 2005 | Map


Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Almost five years after the UN stopped counting internally displaced people (IDPs) in Rwanda, there are still 180,000 relocated families living under plastic sheeting, in damaged shelters or temporarily occupying other people's homes.

12 July 2005 | Country Profile


Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

In 1998 and 1999 the Rwandan government and the UN recognised around 650,000 people in makeshift camps as internally displaced (IDPs) in the north-western prefectures of Ruhengeri and Gisenyi. These IDPs have been uprooted when an insurgency in the two provinces was put down by the Tutsi-dominated government in 1997-1998. In December 2000, the UN ceased to consider them as such, arguing that “governmental and international efforts to stabilise the situation through durable solutions have advanced beyond the threshold of what still could be called internal displacement”.

12 July 2005 | Country Profile

Ensuring durable solutions for Rwanda's displaced: A chapter closed too early

More than four years after the issue of internal displacement was taken off the agenda in Rwanda, conditions in the villages inhabited by the resettled IDPs call for renewed attention to the question of whether internal displacement has ended with the implementation of durable solutions, as required by the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.

08 July 2005 | Overview

Ensuring durable solutions for Rwanda's displaced: a chapter closed too early

This research focuses on the question of whether durable solutions to the issue of internal displacement have been implemented in Rwanda.

01 July 2005 | Publication


Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Almost three years after UN stopped classing people as IDPs in Rwanda, there are still nearly 200,000 relocated families in inadequate shelter. Their conditions are little different from those officially classified as internally displaced, despite UN claims that the situation in the country has “advanced beyond” this.

23 July 2003 | Country Profile


Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

More than seven years after the genocide, 70 percent of the Rwandan population remains under the poverty line and approximately 192,000 families still live in inadequate shelters (U.S. DOS 4 March 2002 & Brookings Initiative in Rwanda November 2001 Annex 4 III). Most of them were resettled in 1998-1999 by the Rwandan government in the context of the "villagization" process.

05 March 2002 | Country Profile


Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Seven years after the genocide, 66 percent of the Rwandan population remain under the poverty line and up to 1.5 million people live in inadequate shelters (WFP 4 December 2000 & OCHA 2 February 2001). Many were resettled in 1998-1999 by the Rwanda government in the context of the villagization process and there is a debate at the international level whether they should still be counted as internally displaced.

23 May 2001 | Country Profile


Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Six years after the genocide Rwanda is still living with consequences. Although most people who fled their homes in the aftermath of the genocide have returned home, problems of displacement continued in 1997/98 with a rebel insurgency in the north. Currently about 1.5 million people are considered by the UN to be in a 'refugee-like situation' (OCHA 10 Oct 2000).

30 October 2000 | Country Profile


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