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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo (December 2002)

Over 500,000 people have been displaced in the Democratic Republic of Congo this year, due mainly to intensified violence in the northeastern Ituri and eastern South Kivu regions. Despite a ceasefire and the withdrawal of foreign troops, over 2.5 million of about 50 million Congolese are now displaced. Most have been uprooted by fighting between rebel groups, attacks on civilians, and resource plundering.

19 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) (December 2002)

Thousands of people who fled new fighting in the Republic of Congo are now facing a humanitarian crisis without aid in the war-torn Pool region. More than 40,000 of the newly displaced people are suffering malnutrition and face a looming catastrophe, in an area too insecure for humanitarian aid deliveries.

13 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of internal displacement Cote d'Ivoire

Many thousands of people have fled fighting, hardship and demolition of their houses in Cote d'Ivoire since a military uprising in September. Displaced civilians remain vulnerable, as the crisis looks set to deepen in the region.

02 December 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

Internal displacement in Eritrea stems from a combination of war and drought, recurrent themes in the Horn of Africa. Out of a population of 3.5 million, more than 1 million people were forced to flee their homes during a ferocious border conflict with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998. Most were able to return following a ceasefire two years later, and by November 2002 only 58,180 people remained displaced (UN, November 2002, p.1).

27 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Philippines

Despite some positive developments during 2002, in particular the signing in May of the implementing guidelines of the June 2001 peace agreement between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the return of nearly all those displaced by the 2000 conflict, armed clashes between the MILF and the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and paramilitary groups have persistently triggered new displacements during 2002, mainly in the southern island of Mindanao.

18 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories (November 2002)

Since Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.Palestinian Territories, according to the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) (McCann 4 Nov 2002).

13 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (November 2002)

Five years after the end of the brutal civil war that killed an estimated 200,000 people and forced more than half the country's 2.8 million population to flee their homes – 1.2 million of whom were internally displaced (US DOS, 1998) – lasting peace and stability in Liberia remained a pipe dream in 2002.

05 November 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Russian Federation (October 2002)

Displaced Chechens face mounting pressure to return to their homeland, despite widespread insecurity in the war-torn republic and Russian government promises not to force people back. Some 5,000 people have returned to Chechnya already this year under a new campaign by Chechen, Ingush and Moscow authorities to return all Chechens by the end of 2002. Two tent camps for displaced people have been closed down.

28 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan

Since large homeward movements earlier this year, the return of displaced Afghans has slowed considerably amid ongoing insecurity and dwindling aid for reintegration. Almost 1 million Afghans are displaced now, a sizeable number of them uprooted in the US-led war on terrorism.

26 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda (October 2002)

Internal displacement in Uganda has been caused by separate armed conflicts in northern and western areas as well as violent looting and cattle raids in the East since the mid–1990s. Conflict has affected about one quarter of the country's 45 districts, and unrelenting attacks since June 2002 by LRA troops in Kitgum, Pader and Gulu have displaced at least 50,000 additional people in northern Uganda only, according to official estimates. This rose the total number of displaced in the country to close to 700,000 IDPs, by contrast to an estimated 550,000 in February 2002.

11 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement : Zimbabwe (October 2002)

Since the release in July 2002 of the first version of this profile on internal displacement in Zimbabwe, the general food situation has become even more disastrous and there are clear indicators that an increasing number of people have been internally displaced by continuous political violence and the ongoing eviction of the commercial farmers.

08 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

With a current population estimated at 16 million persons, Kurds constitute the largest ethnic minority in Turkey (26 percent of the total population). Since the origin of the Turkish Republic, the Kurds have been denied any rights as an ethnic minority, and manifestations of Kurdish identity have often been repressed brutally by Turkish authorities.

04 October 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (September 2002)

In January 2002, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of Sierra Leone declared that his country's eleven year civil war was finally over. Just a few days earlier the UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) declared that more than 45,000 former fighters had handed in their weapons, marking the end of the government's disarmament programme.

23 September 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Burundi (September 2002)

Since 1993, the ethnic war in Burundi has caused the death of at least 250,000 persons, the vast majority of which have been civilians. The establishment of a power–sharing transitional government in November 2001 including ethnic Hutu and Tutsi representation, was seen by local and international observers as a positive step to solve the conflict.

11 September 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia

In the wake of the financial crisis that hit Indonesia in 1998, religious and ethnic violence as well as renewed aspirations for separatism started to surface throughout the country, spreading rapidly from one area to another and leading to the displacement of more than half a million people in 1999.

30 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Macedonia

Internal displacement has only been a recent phenomenon in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (hereafter referred to as Macedonia). People only became displaced in the beginning of 2001 when the National Liberation Army (NLA) took up arms to fight for the rights of ethnic Albanian community in Macedonia.

26 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Croatia

The number of internally displaced people in Croatia has decreased radically since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2002, the Croatian government reported that only 22,000 persons remain internally displaced.

13 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Angola: Profile of Internal Displacement (August 2002)

Angola bears the ignominy of having one of the largest internally displaced populations in the world, with some of the worst human development indicators, whilst at the same time producing vast mineral wealth that ends up on faraway foreign markets and consistently eludes ordinary Angolans.

09 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The main cause of displacement in Peru has been the almost 20 years of internal conflict between the Peruvian Armed Forces and the armed opposition groups Sendero Luminoso and the Túpac Amaru revolutionary Movement (MRTA), which initiated their armed attacks in 1980 and 1984 respectively.

01 August 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

Civilians in Burma have become internally displaced mainly as a result of the intensified efforts by the military rulers since the late 1980s to control areas populated by ethnic minority groups.

20 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nigeria (July 2002)

Approximately 500,000 people were forced to flee their homes after ethnic violence rocked Nigeria in October 2001, the majority of whom returned to their homes by mid-2002. Available figures suggested that towards July 2002, a total of at least 30,000 people remained internally displaced in Nigeria.

19 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The main cause of displacement in Peru has been the almost 20 years of internal conflict between the Peruvian Armed Forces and the armed opposition groups Sendero Luminoso and the Túpac Amaru revolutionary Movement (MRTA), which initiated their armed attacks in 1980 and 1984 respectively.

16 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement

Since the 1970s Somalia has been in a state of fluctuating complex emergency, characterized by more than one interstate and internal wars, major famines, and a serious humanitarian crisis in the 1990s, partly the result of international mismanagement. The Somali conflict has centered around the appropria tion of resources such as land, relief items, as well as control over the livestock trade.

03 July 2002 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Lebanon

During the Lebanese civil war of 1975–1990, almost a third of the country's population was displaced. By 1990 when the war ended, in addition to the hundreds of thousands of people who had found refuge abroad, about 450,000 persons remained internally displaced in Lebanon (UNDP, 1997). Only approximately a third of them have returned home since.

19 June 2002 | Country Profile

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