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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement in Uganda

Described by a senior UN official as the “world’s biggest neglected humanitarian crisis”, the conflict in northern Uganda has now dragged on for more than 17 years. The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has more than doubled from about 650,000 in July 2002 to 1.4 million as of December 2003. The escalation of the conflict since June 2003 meant hundreds of thousands of people have poured into camps after fleeing direct attacks by the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army and regular fighting between the warring parties.

18 December 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Bangladesh

More than 500,000 people may be internally displaced in Bangladesh due to conflict over land and religious persecution. The majority (estimates range between 60,000 to 500,000) remains displaced in the aftermath of a 25-year long armed conflict in the Chittagong Hill Tracts in the southeastern part of Bangladesh.

01 December 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Indonesia (November 2003)

With the exception of the province of Aceh where in May 2003 the government launched a huge military operation and imposed martial law, most of Indonesia’s former hot spots are now in a post-conflict recovery phase. The crackdown in Aceh, which ended a five month-long peace agreement with rebels from the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), has led to the government effectively sealing off the province to foreign aid workers.

13 November 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic (October 2003)

The overthrowing of President elect, Ange-Felix Patassé by former General Francois Bozizé on 15 March 2003 marked the culmination of six months of fighting between rebels and troops loyal to the government of the Central African Republic (CAR). An estimated 200-300,000 were displaced by the fighting which was accompanied by massive violations of human rights, including rapes, summary executions and looting.

27 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: India

At least 650,000 persons are internally displaced in India due to conflicts in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat and the North-East. There has also been incidents of communal violence in Kerala which has led to temporary displacement.

27 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Mexico

In 1994 in the south-eastern state of Chiapas, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), known as the“ Zapatistas”, led an uprising calling for better land and civil rights for the marginalized indigenous people of Mexico. The government responded violently, sending in troops, and the ensuing conflict – which also involved paramilitary groups –, displaced up to 35,000 people.

17 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Sierre Leone (October 2003)

Almost one quarter of a million displaced Sierra Leoneans were resettled or had returned in their areas of origin by the end of 2002, according to UN figures, officially ending the situation of internal displacement in the country and further consolidating its recovery after more than a decade of devastating civil war.

15 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nepal (October 2003)

A ceasefire agreement signed between the monarchic government and Maoist rebels at the start of 2003, crumbled after peace talks broke down in August and fighting resumed. Since the conflict started in the mid-1990s, hundreds of thousands people have been uprooted across the country.

10 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

During the 1990s more than half a million Kenyans were internally displaced because of violence along inter-ethnic lines instigated by the ruling KANU (Kenya African National Union) in response to the introduction of multi-party democracy. By repeatedly attacking tribal groups connected to opposition parties, KANU, which had been in office since independence in 1963, managed to cling to power until being finally voted in December 2002.

06 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement

Sudan is home to the world’s largest internally displaced population. An estimated four million people are currently internally displaced, and despite a ceasefire in 2002, fighting has continued in Sudan’s 20 year old civil war, causing hundreds of thousands more people to be displaced.

01 October 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sri Lanka: Profile of Internal Displacement (September 2003)

More than 300,000 people, out of a total displaced population of 800,000, have returned home since a ceasefire ended 20 years of hostilities in 2002. Despite the ceasefire, however, many remain displaced, while many of those who have been able to return have not done so in safety and dignity. Returning IDPs face safety threats, property dispossession, landlessness and a lack of basic infrastructure and basic services.

16 September 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Lebanon

During the Lebanese civil war of 1975–1990, almost a third of the country's population was displaced. By 1990, as the war ended, in addition to the hundreds of thousands of people who had found refuge abroad, some 90,000 families, or about 450,000 persons remained internally displaced in Lebanon.

11 September 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Angola (September 2003)

Despite a successful ceasefire more than a year ago, and impressive rates of return, conditions for many of Angola’s millions of internally displaced people (IDPs) remain some of the most difficult and vulnerable of any in the world. Since April 2002, when the ceasefire was signed, up until June 2003, almost 2 ½ million internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their areas of origin. Many more of the remaining 1,4 million IDPs are expected to follow during the course of the year 2003. The majority of the returning and returned IDPs continue to receive assistance at distribution points established in the aftermath of the cease-fire. In spite of the improved humanitarian situation, overall levels of vulnerability are high with continued reports of human rights violations against returning IDPs perpetrated by the authorities.

09 September 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories

Since Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem. According to the Israeli government, these measures have been taken for security and administrative reasons.

29 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Senegal

Displacement of civilians caused by intermittent clashes between Senegalese government forces and rebels of the separatist Mouvement des forces démocratiques de Casamance (MFDC) continued to be reported in 2002 and 2003.

19 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Philippines

Hundreds of thousands of civilians in the Philippines have this year been forced to leave their homes and livelihoods, once again displaced by the fighting between the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).

13 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia (August 2003)

Over 360,000 people were displaced by a military confrontation between Ethiopia and Eritrea, which rose from a border dispute in May 1998. Many of them were able to return home after a ceasefire was declared in June 2000. As of August 2003, there were between 169,000 and 228,000 people unable to return to their areas of origin.

11 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)

Thousands of people displaced by fighting in the Republic of Congo may soon return home, encouraged by a new climate of peace that could finally end more than a decade of intermittent civil war.

04 August 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Rwanda

Almost three years after UN stopped classing people as IDPs in Rwanda, there are still nearly 200,000 relocated families in inadequate shelter. Their conditions are little different from those officially classified as internally displaced, despite UN claims that the situation in the country has “advanced beyond” this.

23 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Turkmenistan

Since 2002, President Saparmurat Niyazov has increased Turkmenistan’s international isolation by making forced relocation an official means of oppression of those he views as disloyal to his regime. With the adoption of special decrees in November 2002 and January 2003, internal displacement has become a serious threat to the ethnic Uzbek minority in the country.

21 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Turkey’s desire to be part of the European Union, and the reforms it is currently undergoing in order to be considered for entry, are seen by many as a “window of opportunity” to improve its human rights record, particularly where minority and IDP rights are concerned Indeed, in 2002 the UN Special Representative on IDPs, following his visit to the country, noted a change in the Government’s attitude.

16 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Uzbekistan

Approximately 3,000 persons remain displaced as of 2003, as a result of forced transfer from their villages along the border with Tajikistan by the government of Uzbekistan. Since their displacement in 2000, these people have been living in destitute villages which the government has hastily put up for their relocation.

03 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan

Insecurity and lack of assistance are major constraints to IDP return. Continued instability, poor economic progress and harsh living conditions have meant the huge wave of IDPs returning home in 2002 has not been sustained in the first half of this year.

01 July 2003 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile Internal Displacement: Burundi (June 2003)

As fierce fighting in Burundi has surged in recent months in defiance of the December 2002 ceasefire agreements, civilians are once again suffering displacement, death and disease. The smooth handover of power to a Hutu president, Domitien Ndayizeye, by his Tutsi predecessor Pierre Buyoya on 1 May 2003, has also failed to halt the conflict that has killed an estimated 300,000 people since its outbreak in 1993.

23 June 2003 | Country Profile

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