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IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya

When the KANU (Kenya African National Union) government was voted out in December 2002 after almost 40 years in power, around 350,000 remaining internally displaced people (IDPs) regained hopes of returning to the land they had been forced to flee during the 1990s. However, the new government has not lived up to expectations that it would resolve the causes of the displacement and resettle or compensate the IDPs.

30 November 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Iraq (November 2004)

More than a million people remain internally displaced in Iraq today, though figures are uncertain given the poor security in the country. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) were forcibly displaced under the previous regime, which targeted communities perceived to be in political opposition as well as using forcible displacement as one of its tactics to gain control of resource-rich areas.

24 November 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Internally displaced Somalis face uncertain future after years of state collapse

An enormous task confronts the new President of Somalia, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, if he is to restore security and a functioning government after 13 years of total state collapse. Despite rising expectations in the new government, Somalis continue to flee warfare, which has lasted for over a decade, claimed up to half a million lives and left the country with some of the lowest development indicators in the world.

24 November 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Profile of internal Displacement (November 2004)

An enormous task confronts the new President of Somalia, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, if he is to restore security and a functioning government after 13 years of total state collapse. Despite rising expectations in the new government, Somalis continue to flee warfare, which has lasted for over a decade, claimed up to half a million lives and left the country with some of the lowest development indicators in the world.

24 November 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. More than three million people have died as a result of the conflict which was accompanied by widespread human rights violations, including systematic killings and rape. The UN estimates that over 2.3 million people remain displaced.

25 October 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Afghanistan (October 2004)

Nearly three years after the fall of the Taleban, conditions in Afghanistan still do not allow for the return of all the internally displaced people (IDPs). Although undeniable progress has been made in many sectors,for the majority of Afghans living outside Kabul, the last three years have certainly not brought about the changes in their living conditions they had hoped for.

25 October 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cote d'Ivoire (October 2004)

More than two years after the attempted coup that effectively split Côte d’Ivoire in half, the faltering peace process has once again all but collapsed – dashing hopes of safe and sustainable return for some 500,000 internally displaced Ivorians.

19 October 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Liberia (September 2004)

After 14 years of intermittent civil war in which rival factions killed up to a quarter of a million people and systematically plundered and destroyed the country, Liberia’s estimated 430,000 internally displaced people may finally see some cause for optimism.

30 September 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Nepal

One year after the collapse of a seven-month ceasefire between the monarchy and Maoist rebels in August 2003, Nepal is faced with both a deep crisis of governance and a renewed spate of fighting and violence all across the country.

08 September 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement : Zimbabwe

Internal displacement in Zimbabwe – once the second richest country in sub-Saharan Africa – has been caused by various internal and external factors that have since the late 1990s assured the country’s severe economic and social decline. Population movements have become an increasingly visible and common reality against a backdrop of political violence and a critical humanitarian situation.

07 September 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Lebanon

No updated reliable survey exists to determine the current number of internally displaced people (IDPs). Estimates range, hugely, between 50,000 and 600,000. According to the Lebanese Ministry of the Displaced, 79,500 people have been able to return since the end of the conflict, excluding returnees to the South and West Bekaa areas.

27 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Guatemala

An estimated 200,000 people were killed during Guatemala’s 36-year civil war, mostly at the hands of the armed forces and their paramilitary allies. About one million people became internally displaced or fled the country. The war began in the early 1960s with an insurgency by guerrilla forces fighting for economic and political reforms, following a century and a half of authoritarian regimes and the exclusion of the indigenous majority from wealth and power in Guatemala.

26 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Central African Republic

More than a year after the coup of March 2003, which followed six months of intense fighting, insecurity and small-scale displacement persist. The new "Transitional Government" is planning elections for January 2005 but has not succeeded in restoring state structures and peace sufficiently to allow people to resume pursuit of normal livelihoods.

04 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Eritrea

At the height of the (1998-2000) border war with Ethiopia there were 1.1 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Eritrea. This number has fallen but there are still 60,000 people who cannot return home because of the tensions that persist around the border demarcation process. The physical marking out of the frontier, originally scheduled to start in May 2003, has been delayed indefinitely.

03 August 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

There are some 130,000 people internally displaced (IDPs) in Ethiopia due to conflicts. This figure includes 62,000 persons in Tigray who have been displaced by the military confrontation which arose from a border dispute in May 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Since 2003, about 51,000 people in Gambella have been displaced by ethnic clashes and power struggles.

13 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Palestinian Territories

Internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (Occupied Territories) has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel. Since Israel’s occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Occupied Palestinian Territories: Thousands displaced by house demolitions and Separation Barrier

Internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (Occupied Territories) has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel. Since Israel’s occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank in 1967, Israel has ordered the demolition of thousands of homes in the Palestinian Territories and has confiscated land, such as in East Jerusalem.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile in Internal Displacement: Indonesia and East Timor

With the exception of the province of Aceh, where a military operation has been ongoing since May 2003, and Maluku province where tension remains high after an outbreak of intercommunal violence in April 2004, most of Indonesia's former hot spots have now been in a post-conflict recovery phase for the past two years. The crackdown in Aceh has led to the government effectively sealing off the province to foreign aid workers.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Myanmar (Burma)

Decades of conflict between the Burmese army and ethnic insurgent groups demanding increased political autonomy from Rangoon have devastated the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians in Burma’s border areas.

09 July 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Cote d'Ivoire (June 2004)

Since Côte d’Ivoire’s faltering peace process all but collapsed with the violent suppression of an opposition demonstration in Abidjan in March 2004, when government security forces and allied militia killed at least 120 civilians, the deteriorating security situation has further endangered thousands of already vulnerable internally displaced people (IDPs) throughout the country.

24 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Peru

The removal of President Alberto Fujimori in 2000 paved the way for the restoration of democracy in Peru and the beginning of a reconciliation process following the end of a civil war that ravaged the country for more than twenty years.

24 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: India

At least 600,000 people are internally displaced in India due to conflicts in the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat and the North-East. The ceasefire between India and Pakistan in November 2003 substantially improved the security situation along the Line of Control and the international border between Indian- and Pakistani-controlled Kashmir.

09 June 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Croatia

The official number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed hostilities between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. In April 2004, the government reported that 11,493 people remained in a situation of internal displacement, including 9,791 ethnic Croats and 1,702 ethnic Serbs. These figures disguise a huge disparity in return patterns between ethnic Serbs and Croats. While most of the 220,000 ethnic Croats displaced by the conflict have returned, only one third of the over 300,000 ethnic Serb IDPs and refugees have been able to do so.

27 May 2004 | Country Profile

IDMC

Profile of Internal Displacement: Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)

The civil wars that hit the Republic of Congo intermittently in the decade after 1992, the year of the first democratic elections, displaced up to 800,000 people. Most of these had either returned or settled down in their areas of displacement when hostilities broke out again in March 2002.

26 May 2004 | Country Profile

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