Afghanistan: Fighting in the south sets off new wave of displacement

Fierce fighting between NATO troops and insurgents in southern Afghanistan has sent tens of thousands of people fleeing from their homes in a new wave of displacement. Although numbers are unverified, the government said that more than 20,000 families had been displaced due to the fighting in the provinces of Helmand, Kandahar and Uruzgan as of November 2006.

22 December 2006 | Country Profile


Lebanon: Displaced return amidst growing political tension

Some 200,000 people are estimated to remain in a situation of internal displacement in Lebanon following the hostilities between the Shiite militant and political organisation Hizbollah and Israeli security forces in summer 2006.

15 December 2006 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: Escalation of conflict leaves tens of thousands of IDPs without protection and assistance

The protracted armed conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has escalated dramatically since the beginning of 2006, with an estimated 3,300 people having been killed and over 200,000 internally displaced, in addition to the hundreds of thousands uprooted earlier on in the conflict and by the tsunami of December 2004.

04 November 2006 | Country Profile


Democratic Republic of the Congo: IDP return picks up despite glaring lack of reintegration support

Since the mid-1990s, millions of Congolese have fled their homes to escape fighting between rebel groups and the national government in a complex conflict which has, at times, involved as many as nine neighbouring states. Close to four million people are estimated to have died as a result of the conflict which has been accompanied by widespread human rights violations.

31 October 2006 | Country Profile


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sectarian divide continues to hamper residual return and reintegration of the displaced

More than ten years after the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, there are still some 180,200 people internally displaced in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Further to a re-registration exercise completed by the authorities in 2005, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) dropped from 309,000 at the end of 2004 to 187,000 in Spring 2005. This decrease can be explained by the number of returns which had taken place since the previous registration in 2000 and by the fact that many displaced have decided to integrate locally.

25 October 2006 | Country Profile


Nepal: IDP return still a trickle despite ceasefire

Nearly six months after nationwide protests forced the king to end 14 months of absolute rule and the Maoists rebels called a ceasefire, only a few thousand people have reportedly returned to their homes, the majority of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) preferring to wait for better security guarantees and more assistance to make the journey home.

16 October 2006 | Country Profile


Pakistan: Tens of thousands displaced by army operations against insurgent groups

Army operations targeting insurgent groups in Waziristan and Balochistan are the main causes of conflict-induced displacement in Pakistan today. There is no official information on the number of people displaced and access of journalists and aid workers to the affected areas is tightly restricted.

10 October 2006 | Country Profile


Somalia: Window of opportunity for addressing one of the world’s worst internal displacement crises (October 2006)

The take-over by the Islamist Court Union (ICU) of Mogadishu and large parts of Somalia’s centre and south have added a high degree of unpredictability to an already very precarious political situation. The effect on humanitarian activities for over two million vulnerable people, including an estimated 400,000 people internally displaced by drought and conflict remains very uncertain.

04 October 2006 | Country Profile


Profile of Internal Displacement: Ethiopia

A border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Badme area escalated into a major military confrontation in May 1998. Since then the war has been characterised by months of relative quiet interrupted by renewed fighting. Intense fighting took place in particular during February 1999 causing waves of people to flee the border areas.

26 September 2006 | Country Profile


Nigeria: Heightened risk of violence and displacement ahead of 2007 elections

Ethno-religious conflict is endemic in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999. Since internal displacement in Nigeria is often short-term, and most IDPs seek refuge with host families, data on the scope of the problem is scarce and no accurate estimates of the current number of IDPs exist.

21 September 2006 | Country Profile


Georgia: IDPs’ living conditions remain miserable, as national strategy is being developed

Tens of thousands of people displaced from Georgia's secessionist territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been living in limbo for more than a decade, waiting for an elusive solution to conflicts which broke out in the early 1990s.

01 September 2006 | Country Profile


Sudan: Slow IDP return to south while Darfur crisis continues unabated

Today IDMC released a new profile of the situations of internal displacement in Sudan. As a result of Sudan’s numerous conflicts, about 4.9 million people remain internally displaced in the country; together they make up the single largest internally displaced population in the world.

17 August 2006 | Country Profile


Liberia: Key challenge is ensuring sustainability of IDP return

In April 2006 the IDP return process in Liberia was officially declared over. More than 314,000 IDPs had been returned to their areas of origin in 18 months and a total of 35 camps were closed, formally marking the end of a 17-year era during which much of Liberia’s 3 million population had at some time been internally displaced.

03 August 2006 | Country Profile


Indonesia: Support needed for return and re-integration of displaced Acehnese following peace agreement

In the wake of the peace agreement signed in August 2005 between Acehnese separatist rebels and the government, putting an end to 30 years of conflict in Indonesia's westernmost province of Aceh, thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) who were forced to leave their homes during the conflict started returning.

19 July 2006 | Country Profile


Algeria: Return continues amid improved security

Conflict between the government and insurgent groups displaced at least one million Algerians between 1992 and 2002. Fighting and attacks targeting the civil population forced large numbers to flee rural areas and find security in nearby urban centres. Today, government forces have largely regained control over rural areas and a large majority of the former insurgents have accepted an amnesty offered by President Bouteflika and approved by the Algerian people in a referendum during fall 2005.

04 July 2006 | Country Profile


Colombia: Government "peace process" cements injustice for IDPs

Forced displacement in Colombia is primarily a way to seize agricultural land from peasants and small farmers, and only to a lesser degree the unintended consequence of fighting between warring parties. Much of the violence is deliberately aimed at civilians to dislodge them from their homes and lands. It is a struggle that has been going on for centuries, but now involves national and international commercial interests, part of an internal war pitting the government and paramilitary forces against two guerrilla groups and a related war on drugs.

30 June 2006 | Country Profile


Uganda: Profile of Internal displacement (June 2006)

Between 1.7 and two million people remain internally displaced in northern Uganda as a result of the conflict between the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), as continued insecurity caused by Karamojong warriors has resulted in new displacement in the eastern part of the coun-try. While the number of attacks on civilians has decreased, LRA rebels continue to maintain a presence in northern Uganda and the overall security situation remains fluid and unpredictable. Abuses of civilians continue to be committed by the Ugandan military, and in particular by local defence units.

30 June 2006 | Country Profile


Palestinian Territories: West Bank Wall main cause of new displacement amid worsening humanitarian situation

Since 2005, internal displacement in the Occupied Palestinian Territories has largely been the result of house demolitions and land confiscation by the government of Israel in connection with the construction of the West Bank Wall.

21 June 2006 | Country Profile


Eritrea: Uncertain future for thousands of returning IDPs

The vast majority of the 1.1 million people displaced by the 1998-2000 border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea have long gone home. But Ethiopia's refusal to accept the decision of an international arbitration commission has left some 40,000 Eritrean internally displaced people (IDPs) still unable to return. Discussions between the two countries and the Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Commission (EEBC) in May 2006 ended without result, apart from the UN Security Council’s decision to further reduce the border monitoring presence of the UN Mission to Eritrea and Ethiopia (UNMEE). Precise IDP figures are unavailable, but the total was expected to fall throughout 2006 from the 2005 total of 45,000. The Eritrean government gave a figure of 8,900 households as of March 2006.

13 June 2006 | Country Profile


Guatemala: Ten years after peace accords, key provisions benefiting the displaced remain unimplemented

The signing of a peace accord in 1996 marked the end of the 36-year-old civil war in Guatemala but not the end of the structural injustices that triggered it. Key commitments, such as the resettlement of the displaced, redistribution of land and compensation for the uprooted people and other victims of the conflict have as of June 2006 only to a very limited degree been implemented.

09 June 2006 | Country Profile


Iraq: Sectarian violence, military operations spark new displacement, as humanitarian access deteriorates

An estimated 81,000 people were forced to flee their homes in a matter of two months by sectarian violence sparked by an attack on the Al-Ashkari shrine in Samarra in February. These newly-displaced people are in addition to more than one million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Iraq, the majority forced out by conflict and human rights violations under the former regime.

23 May 2006 | Country Profile


Myanmar (Burma): Worst army attacks in years displace thousands

Human rights abuses in ethnic minority areas are the single most important cause of conflict-induced internal displacement in Burma and the scale of atrocities committed by the Burmese army is unparalleled within Asia.

10 May 2006 | Country Profile


Zimbabwe: Government obstructs humanitarian access to displaced as new evictions loom

In May 2005, the Zimbabwean government initiated an extraordinary campaign of forced evictions and demolitions resulting in the internal displacement of an estimated 570,000 people, many of whom remain in transit camps and have limited access to assistance.

05 May 2006 | Country Profile


Ethiopia: Government recognition of conflict IDPs crucial to addressing their plight

Internal displacement due to conflict occurs in different parts of Ethiopia. It is caused mainly by ethnic tensions exacerbated by the government’s regionalisation policy along ethnic lines, tight political control from the centre, and widespread resource shortages in a chronically food-insecure country.

26 April 2006 | Country Profile


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