Algeria: Towards durable solutions for IDPs?

While security has steadily improved in the past few years, potential obstacles to finding durable solutions for IDPs seem to persist with access to livelihoods remaining the major concern. Moreover, as confirmed by the April and December 2007 bombings in the capital Algiers and by a number of other security incidents throughout 2007, clashes continue between the Algerian security forces and remaining armed groups, notably the organisation called “al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb”. This latest resurgence in violence seems at the same time to challenge the process of national reconciliation promoted by President Bouteflika and approved by the Algerian people in a 2005 referendum.

19 December 2007 | Country Profile


Cyprus: Lack of political settlement prevents the displaced from fully enjoying their property rights

More than 30 years after having been displaced, more than 200,000 Greek and Turkish Cypriots still have unresolved issues related to their displacement. While they no longer have humanitarian needs and have largely integrated in the places they have settled, the displaced are still unable to take back possession of the property they left behind, or return to their homes.

18 December 2007 | Country Profile


Serbia: Final status for Kosovo - Towards durable solutions for IDPs or new displacement risk?

After eight years of international administration over Kosovo, the situation of the estimated 227,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Serbia and Kosovo is hanging on the resolution of Kosovo’s status. The failure of the United Nations Security Council to adopt the Ahtisaari proposal on the final status of Kosovo has prolonged uncertainty which impedes progress towards durable solutions.

10 December 2007 | Country Profile


Resisting displacement by combatants and developers: Humanitarian Zones in north-west Colombia

In the north-western department of Chocó, near Colombia’s border with Panama, forcibly displaced people have established “Humanitarian Zones” in a bid to hang on to their land and livelihoods. These zones are occupied by groups who have joined together to remain on or near the collective land which they were forced to leave as a result of a major military campaign in 1996.

05 November 2007 | Country Profile


Syria: Forty years on, people displaced from the Golan remain in waiting

The situation of tens of thousands of Syrian Arabs displaced from the Golan Heights forty years ago is still far from resolved. They fled their homes in disputed circumstances during the Six Day War in 1967, when Israel seized the Golan, a strategic strip of land overlooking the Jordan Valley and the Sea of Galilee. Since then, Israel has prevented the displaced from returning to their homes.

31 October 2007 | Country Profile


Ethiopia: Addressing the rights and needs of people displaced by conflict

Relatively little is known about the extent and nature of conflict-induced internal displacement in Ethiopia. Numerous small-scale conflicts and displacement situations receive little to no attention.

30 October 2007 | Country Profile


Nigeria: Institutional mechanisms fail to address recurrent violence and displacement

Outbreaks of violence leading to significant situations of internal displacement are frequent in Nigeria, with at least 14,000 people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced since military rule ended in 1999.

29 October 2007 | Country Profile


Georgia: New IDP strategy awaits implementation

Tens of thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) from Georgia’s secessionist territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been waiting more than a decade for a solution to their displacement following conflicts which broke out in the early 1990s.

11 October 2007 | Country Profile


Sudan: Outlook for IDPs remains bleak

In southern Sudan, around 140,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) returned to their homes in the first six months of 2007, adding to more than one million IDPs estimated to have returned since the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the central government and the southern-based Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army.

03 October 2007 | Country Profile


Sudan: Profile of Internal Displacement

Over half a million people have been displaced in Sudan, aggravating the world's largest internal displacement crisis despite a peace deal signed last year. Since January 2002, some 550,000 Sudanese fled attacks by the Khartoum government in southern oil-rich regions, and at least 30,000 more fled fighting between government and rebel groups.

03 October 2007 | Country Profile


Civilians in the way of conflict: Displaced people in Sri Lanka

Since mid-2006, a dramatic escalation in the civil war in Sri Lanka between government forces and the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has resulted in over 4,000 deaths and the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people. The latest phase of the 24-year conflict has also prolonged the misery of large numbers of civilians already displaced by the conflict between 1983 and 2002, and by the December 2004 tsunami.

26 September 2007 | Country Profile


Timor-Leste: Unfulfilled protection and assistance needs hamper the return of the displaced

More than a year after riots and fighting rocked Timor-Leste and sent over 150,000 people to seek refuge, the majority of the internally displaced people (IDPs) are still unable or unwilling to return, and remain in camps in and around the capital, Dili, or hosted by friends and families in Dili and in the districts.

07 September 2007 | Country Profile


Israel: Multiple patterns of internal displacement affect several ethnic and religious groups

Internal displacement in Israel has been caused by conflict between Israel and its neighbours, as well as by Israeli policies towards its citizens. Several waves of displacement have occurred since the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, affecting Arab, Bedouin and Jewish citizens. There is little information available on internal displacement in Israel.

30 August 2007 | Country Profile


Zimbabwe: New evictions likely as humanitarian crisis worsens

In May 2005, the Zimbabwean government initiated an extraordinary campaign of forced evictions and demolitions resulting in the internal displacement of an estimated 570,000 people, many of whom remain in transit camps and have limited access to assistance.

20 August 2007 | Country Profile


Russian Federation: Government efforts help only some IDPs rebuild their lives

Despite the efforts of the Russian government and the international community, more than 150,000 people remain displaced in Russia more than a decade after the beginning of armed conflict. Hundreds of thousands of people fled their homes as a result of an inter-ethnic conflict in North Ossetia in 1992 and separatist conflicts in Chechnya which started in 1994 and again in 1999.

13 August 2007 | Country Profile


Liberia: Focus for IDP returnees moves from conflict to development

With the return of the remaining registered internally displaced people (IDPs) in December 2006, the process of resolving Liberia’s internal displacement crisis was considered complete.

27 July 2007 | Country Profile


Turkey: Profile of Internal Displacement

Renewed clashes between government forces and Kurdish militants in south-eastern Turkey have raised fears of a return to violence in the two-decade-old conflict which led to the internal displacement of hundreds of thousands of people, most of them Kurds. Despite the clashes, the conditions for the return of the displaced have continued to improve as the overall security situation remained largely stable and the Turkish government has taken a number of concrete steps to facilitate the return process.

26 July 2007 | Country Profile


Turkey: Progress on national IDP policy paves way for further reforms

Turkey’s internally displaced people (IDPs) face uncertain prospects as a recent upsurge in violence in the south-eastern provinces threatens to undermine the positive impact of major human rights reforms which have been adopted since Turkey became a candidate for EU membership in 1999.

26 July 2007 | Country Profile


Internally displaced in Chad: Trapped between civil conflict and Sudan’s Darfur crisis

Over the last two years, an estimated 172,600 people have been internally displaced in the south-eastern regions of Chad bordering Sudan’s Darfur, including more than 120,000 within the last seven months. They have been displaced by a combination of armed conflict between the government and rebel groups, cross-border raids by militias from neighbouring Sudan, and increasing inter-communal violence.

11 July 2007 | Country Profile


Peru: Compensation pending for victims of forced displacement

The Government has registered the first 3,000 of the estimated 150,000 remaining IDPs in Peru, as part of a process to compensate all victims of the internal armed conflict which ended in 2000.

08 June 2007 | Country Profile


India: Large numbers of IDPs are unassisted and in need of protection

Civilians have fled fighting and have sometimes been directly targeted by militant groups in Kashmir, the North-East and in several states of eastern and central India. Insurgency and retaliatory operations by security forces are the major immediate cause of conflict-related displacement in India.

03 May 2007 | Country Profile


Democratic Republic of the Congo: Returns outnumber new displacements in the east

Despite successful elections held in the second half of 2006 and an overall increase in the level of stability, over a million people remained displaced in the east of the the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as of March 2007. Operations by Congolese armed forces to disarm militias, as well as human rights violations committed by both these forces and the militias, continued to cause frequent displacement in eastern provinces.

26 April 2007 | Country Profile


Congo: Returnees face lack of support

Four years after a peace agreement brought an end to more than a decade of conflict in the Republic of Congo's Pool region in the south of the country, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), returnees and residents still face considerable humanitarian challenges.

18 April 2007 | Country Profile


Somalia: Massive new displacements as power struggle in Mogadishu flares up again

Since the rout of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU) by Somalia's transitional government and its Ethiopian allies during the last days of 2006, southern Somalia and the capital Mogadishu have slipped gradually back towards the violence and anarchy of recent years.

14 April 2007 | Country Profile


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