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IDMC

Challenges of forced displacement within Iraq

More than 2.8 million people were estimated to have been internally displaced in Iraq as of November 2008. Approximately 1.6 million were thought to have been displaced by sectarian and generalised violence since the Al Askari mosque bombing of February 2006, and approximately 190,000 more had been displaced by military operations and generalised violence from 2003 to 2005. An estimated 1.2 million were displaced by the policies of the former government of Saddam Hussein. In addition, it is estimated that more that two million Iraqis have sought refuge in neighbouring countries.

29 December 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Kenya: No durable solutions for internally displaced yet

Widespread violence following the December 2007 elections, which were marred by accusations of election irregularities, displaced up to 600,000 people in Kenya. Despite government claims that the vast majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) have returned home or been resettled, civil society and media sources report that hundreds of thousands of people remain displaced.

23 December 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

India: New and protracted displacement ongoing in absence of formalised response

In 2007-2008, civilians in various parts of India continued to be displaced by internal armed conflict and separatist, ethnic or communal violence, as well as conflict stemming from the threat of development-induced displacement. Over one third of the country’s 608 districts were affected by insurgent movements in 2007.

22 December 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Russian Federation: Displaced people still struggling to lead a normal life

Up to 136,000 people remain displaced in Russia more than fifteen years after the beginning of armed conflict in the republics of the north Caucasus. Hundreds of thousands of people fled their homes as a result of an inter-ethnic conflict in North Ossetia in 1992 and separatist and counter-terrorist conflicts in Chechnya in 1994 and 1999.

12 November 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uganda: Focus shifts to securing durable solutions for IDPs

Significant improvements in the security situation in northern Uganda have allowed about half of the more than 1.8 million people who had been internally displaced by the conflict to return to their villages, while another quarter have moved to transit sites nearer to their homes.

03 November 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Timor-Leste: IDPs returning home, but to ongoing poverty and lack of access to basic services

Two years after violent conflict erupted in Dili in May 2006, some of the 100,000 people who remained displaced in April 2008 have started returning home. About a third of these internally displaced people (IDPs) were in camps in the capital, and the rest with relatives and friends in the districts where they had sought refuge after the violence.

31 October 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Afghanistan: Increasing hardship and limited support for growing displaced population

Hundreds of thousands of people in Afghanistan have been internally displaced by armed conflict, ethnic tensions or human rights violations, natural disasters such as drought, or secondary displacement in the case of refugees and deportees who have returned from neighbouring countries.

28 October 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Colombia: Rate of new displacement highest in two decades

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had by June 2008 displaced 2,649,139 people according to the government, and 4,361,355 people according to a reliable non-governmental source. An alarming trend of rising internal displacement has been registered since 2006, and the highest rate of displacement in 23 years was recorded in the first semester of 2008.

17 October 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Escalating displacement in North Kivu despite ceasefire agreement

Fighting between Congolese armed forces and dissident troops and militias, as well as widespread human rights violations committed by all groups, has caused the displacement of at least 150,000 people in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from January to July 2008, mostly in North Kivu province.

30 September 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Occupied Palestinian Territory: Forced displacement continues

Forced displacement has a long history in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), as both a consequence and root cause of the Israeli-Palestinian/Arab conflict over resources and land. Certain patterns of displacement in their severity and consistency attest to a policy of forced displacement for the purpose of acquiring land, redefining demographic boundaries, and divesting Palestinians of ownership guaranteed under international law.

10 September 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Broader and improved support for durable solutions required

Twelve years after the war ended, the State Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees (MHRR) of Bosnia and Herzegovina estimated in June 2008 that some 125,000 registered internally displaced people (IDPs) remain. This figure is likely to remain stable in view of the limited number of returns over the past three years and the lack of support for other durable solutions.

28 August 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sri Lanka: Returns in the east but new displacements in the north

The 25-year-old civil war in Sri Lanka, stemming from historical differences between the Sinhalese majority and the Tamil minority, has led to more than 70,000 deaths and the displacement of over a million people, almost half of whom continue to be internally displaced persons (IDPs) today.

27 August 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

The Many Faces of Displacement: IDPs in Zimbabwe

Hundreds of thousands of people have been internally displaced in Zimbabwe as a result of the actions of their own government. Most recently, tens of thousands of people have been displaced by a campaign of state-sponsored violence following the elections on 29 March 2008.

21 August 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Philippines: Displacement increases as Mindanao’s peace process stumbles on

Fighting and displacement in the Philippines have increased in the past two years. From less than 100,000 in 2006, the number of people displaced by conflict reached 170,000 in 2007 and has exceeded 290,000 during 2008. Most are in the southern region of Mindanao, where the government has been fighting secessionist Moro (Muslim) rebels groups for the past 30 years.

19 August 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Guatemala: 12 years after conflict, few solutions for IDPs or other victims

Almost twelve years after the end of Guatemala’s 36-year civil war in 1996, the merit of considering internally displaced people (IDPs) separately is open to debate. Some claim that the many problems still shared by IDPs and other groups of victims render the category obsolete, but others argue that the number of forcibly displaced people still unable to regain their land or reintegrate elsewhere means the distinction remains important.

12 August 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Massive displacement and humanitarian need

Through 2007 and 2008, the security and humanitarian situation in Somalia has continued to deteriorate. Fighting between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces and their Ethiopian allies, and insurgents including the Islamic Courts Union, has led to displacement on a scale never before witnessed in the country. Displacement caused by insecurity and conflict has continued in and around Mogadishu, with the IDP population reaching 1.1 million.

29 July 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Lebanon: Displaced, again

Over 24,000 people, mainly Palestine refugees and a small number of Lebanese remain displaced from Nahr el-Bared camp in northern Lebanon following three months of fighting there in 2007 between Fatah al-Islam and the Lebanese army.

23 July 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Azerbaijan: IDPs still trapped in poverty and dependence

Almost 15 years after signing a ceasefire agreement, Azerbaijan and Armenia have yet to resolve the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. In the absence of a peace agreement, some 570,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) are still prevented from returning to their homes in Azerbaijan.

14 July 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Struggling to integrate: Displaced people from Chechnya living in other areas of the Russian Federation

This report focuses on the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) from the Chechen Republic living outside of the north Caucasus. The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) visited the Russian Federation in March 2008, and interviewed IDPs of various ethnic backgrounds and their legal representatives in seven locations.

30 June 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nepal: Sustainability of IDP returns undermined by lack of assistance

More than 18 months after a peace agreement between Maoist rebels and the Nepalese government, an estimated 50,000 to 70,000 people displaced by ten years of civil war remain unable to return to their homes. Most are prevented from doing so by unresolved land and property issues, insecurity and a lack of assistance from the government.

19 June 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Pakistan: Displacement ongoing in a number of regions

Military operations against armed opposition groups in Pakistan have displaced hundreds of thousands of people in recent months, according to the limited information available. While many of the internally displaced people (IDPs) have apparently been able to return to their areas of origin after an end to the fighting, others remain displaced with little access to humanitarian assistance.

15 May 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Burundi: Internally displaced Burundians should not be forgotten during the peacebuilding process

Despite a marked improvement in the security situation in Burundi in recent years, some 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in settlements throughout the country, in addition to an unknown number living with host families. Many IDPs seem to have to a large extent integrated into the communities of neighbouring towns and villages, but there is little information on their situation, their needs or their aspirations.

01 May 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Uganda: Uncertain future for IDPs while peace remains elusive

With the peace process plagued by delays and confusion, and with conditions in return areas often worse than in the IDP camps, the future for IDPs in northern Uganda remains uncertain. In August 2006 the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) signed a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CHA), which led to significant improvements in the secu-rity situation in northern Uganda.

28 April 2008 | Country Profile

IDMC

Myanmar (Burma): No end in sight for internal displacement crisis

Despite intense international focus on the human rights situation in Myanmar (Burma) in 2007, forced displacement, as a result of conflict and human rights violations, is ongoing in the country. The government remains the perpetrator of the majority of violations against civilians, particularly those belonging to ethnic minority groups.

14 February 2008 | Country Profile

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