Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza offensive adds to scale of displacement

According to the UN, 2009 marked one of the most violent periods experienced by the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza since the occupation began in 1967. The three-week Israeli offensive in Gaza launched in December 2008 cost the lives of over 1,000 Palestinians and led to the displacement of over 100,000 people.

30 December 2009 | Country Profile


Serbia: IDPs still seeking housing solutions and documentation to access their rights

In 1999, over 245,000 members of local minorities fled from or within Kosovo in fear of reprisals from the majority Albanian population after NATO air strikes forced the withdrawal of Yugoslav troops and ended years of oppression of ethnic Albanians. Kosovo’s declaration of independence in February 2008 created new uncertainty for those still displaced.

29 December 2009 | Country Profile


Mexico: Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

23 December 2009 | Country Profile


Chad: IDPs in east facing continuing violence and hardship

Around 168,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad in September 2009, as a result of conflict and human rights abuses related to tensions between Chad and Sudan, internal armed conflict, and inter-ethnic attacks against civilians. This number had fallen slightly from a 2008 high of 185,000, about one fifth of the population of eastern Chad. A profiling report showed in 2008 that 95 per cent of these internally displaced people (IDPs) were located in the Department of Dar Sila, and that almost 60 per cent were women between the ages of 15 and 40.

21 December 2009 | Country Profile


Somalia: Political and security crises, access limits and donor cuts increasing IDP vulnerability

Political stalemate, security crisis and the continuing conflict in Somalia between the UN-backed coalition government and armed opposition groups continue to expose internally displaced people (IDPs) to violations of their rights under international humanitarian and human rights law. An estimated one and a half million people were internally displaced in south and central Somalia as of November 2009.

10 December 2009 | Country Profile


Guatemala: Violence and inequality still blocking solutions for IDPs

Structural inequality, restricted political participation and discriminatory state policies are at the core of Guatemala’s challenges today as they were 50 years ago when its war started. 14 years have passed since the signing of the peace accord which marked the end of the country’s conflict and promised durable solutions for those people displaced.

08 December 2009 | Country Profile


Pakistan: Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

02 December 2009 | Country Profile


Israel: Short-term and protracted displacements following various conflicts

During or shortly after the conflict which accompanied the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, some 46,000 to 48,000 people lost their homes and subsequently remained in Israel. Many of them found refuge in nearby villages in which they had relatives, family and friends. They subsequently moved from one village to another, mainly to reunite with people from their village of origin.

30 November 2009 | Country Profile


Nigeria: Download Download the profile in English

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

19 November 2009 | Country Profile


Sri Lanka: Continuing humanitarian concerns and obstacles to durable solutions for recent and longer-term IDPs (November 2009)

The protracted armed conflict in Sri Lanka between government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ended in May 2009. The final intense stages of combat were conducted predominantly in the northern LTTE-controlled Vanni region.

10 November 2009 | Country Profile


Philippines: Cycle of conflict and neglect: Mindanao's displacement and protection crisis

In August 2008, the suspension of an agreement on the issue of an autonomous Muslim (Moro) homeland between the government of the Philippines and the rebels of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) led to the collapse of the peace talks and triggered renewed fighting throughout the southern island region of Mindanao.

05 November 2009 | Country Profile


Turkey: Need for continued improvement in response to protracted displacement

Around one million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Turkey continue to face protracted displacement, with many obstacles still standing in the way of durable solutions. Prevailing insecurity in south-eastern Turkey, the continuing presence of village guard militias and of mines, and under-development continue to bar their return. Integration in urban areas is still fraught with difficulties in the absence of targeted assistance, as IDPs, most of them Kurdish, face socio-economic marginalisation and discrimination.

26 October 2009 | Country Profile


Russian Federation: Monitoring of IDPs and returnees still needed

At least 80,000 people are still internally displaced in Russia, more than 15 years after they were first forced to flee their homes. While large-scale hostilities ended several years ago, violence is still extensive in the North Caucasus and human rights abuses continue with perpetrators enjoying impunity. The economy is improving in Chechnya and reconstruction has brought impressive results in Grozny, but corruption and weak local governance continue to delay full recovery.

12 October 2009 | Country Profile


Burundi: Long-term IDPs need land security

The security situation in Burundi improved markedly after the last rebel group in the country laid down its arms at the end of 2008, and no new conflict-induced displacement was reported in 2009. However, up to 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) remain in sites in northern and central Burundi. Most of them, displaced in the 1990s or early 2000s following inter-ethnic violence and fighting between the government and rebel groups, have integrated in the neighbouring towns and villages they fled to, and the majority reportedly wish to remain in these sites.

01 October 2009 | Country Profile


Algeria: National reconciliation fails to address needs of IDPs

Although Algeria has been affected by large-scale internal displacement caused by the internal conflict that has ravaged the country since the early 1990s, very little information is available on the current situation of the displaced and their numbers. The European Union estimated in 2002 that violence had displaced one million people, while others put the number as high as 1.5 million.

29 September 2009 | Country Profile


Lebanon: Difficulties continue for people displaced by successive conflicts

A number of displacement situations have persisted in Lebanon since the 1975-1990 civil war, invasions and an 18-year occupation of southern Lebanon by Israel, a 33-day war in July 2006 between Israel and Hezbollah, the destruction in 2007 of the Nahr el-Bared camp for Palestinian refugees, and localised sectarian violence in 2008.

28 September 2009 | Country Profile


Congo: Peace and oil dividends fail to benefit remaining IDPs and other vulnerable populations

A decade of armed conflict from 1993 caused the internal displacement of 800,000 people in the Republic of the Congo. Sparked by disputed parliamentary elections, the conflict lasted until the government and the “Ninja” rebels, the armed wing of the National Resistance Council (Conseil national de résistance, CNR) which originated from among the Lari ethnic group, signed a ceasefire agreement in 2003.

25 September 2009 | Country Profile


Ethiopia: Human rights violations and conflicts continue to cause displacement

For decades, Ethiopia has been affected by famine and conflict. In 2009, there have been various reports of internal displacement resulting from conflicts and human rights violations perpetrated by the army and groups opposed to the government. It is difficult to establish the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) as neither the government nor any international organisation has undertaken a profiling exercise.

03 September 2009 | Country Profile


Croatia: Housing rights and employment still preventing durable solutions

The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Croatia has fallen significantly since the armed conflict between the Croat majority and the Serb minority ended in 1995. At the end of the war, around 250,000 people were displaced within Croatia, of whom 32,000 were Croatian Serbs. By June 2009, the number of IDPs had fallen to about 2,400, including over 1,600 ethnic Serbs.

01 September 2009 | Country Profile


Uganda: Returns outpace recovery planning

Since the signing of a Cessation of Hostilities Agreement between the government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army in 2006, about two thirds of the 1.8 million IDPs who lived in camps at the height of the crisis have returned to their areas of origin.

19 August 2009 | Country Profile


Democratic Republic of Congo: Massive displacement and deteriorating humanitarian conditions

Fighting between militia groups and Congolese armed forces supported by the UN, as well as attacks and violence against civilians, caused the displacement of some 800,000 people in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during the first six months of 2009. As a result of these and earlier episodes, an estimated two million people were displaced in North and South Kivu and Orientale Province as of the end of July 2009.

12 August 2009 | Country Profile


Bangladesh: Indigenous people and religious minorities still affected by displacement

Armed conflict and human rights violations including forced evictions and government policies discriminating against religious minorities have displaced at least tens of thousands of people in Bangladesh.

16 July 2009 | Country Profile


Georgia: IDPs in Georgia still need attention

Large-scale displacement was caused in August 2008 by conflict between Georgia and the Russian Federation over the fate of the secessionist territory of South Ossetia. Most of the people displaced were later able to return to their homes in areas adjacent to the administrative border with South Ossetia, and most ethnic Ossetians returned to their homes in South Ossetia. However, some 37,000 ethnic Georgians who fled South Ossetia have not been able to return by mid-2009.

09 July 2009 | Country Profile


Colombia: New displacement continues, response still ineffective

The protracted internal armed conflict in Colombia had to May 2009 displaced almost 3.1 million people according to the government, and over 4.6 million people according to a reliable non-governmental source. Nevertheless, under-registration in the government’s system remains pervasive.

03 July 2009 | Country Profile


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