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IDMC

Pakistan: Flooding worsens situation for people displaced by conflict in north-west

Internal displacement in Pakistan’s north-western Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa (KP) has continued for at least six years, but reached a massive scale from 2008 to 2009. As of the end of July 2010, there were around two million internally displaced people (IDPs), 1.4 million of them registered by the government.

06 September 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

India: National and state authorities failing to protect IDPs

In 2009 and during the first half of 2010, at least 650,000 people in central India (Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal), north-east India (Assam, Mizoram-Tripura and Manipur), Jammu and Kashmir, Orissa and Gujarat were living in displacement due to armed conflict and ethnic or communal violence. An unknown number of displaced people were living in Indian cities.

02 September 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Yemen: IDPs facing international neglect

Following intermittent clashes between Al-Houthi groups and the Yemeni government in July 2009, the situation in Sa’ada governorate escalated into open conflict in the sixth round of hostilities since 2004. Tens of thousands of people were displaced from Sa’ada and Amran governorates, adding to those displaced by previous rounds of fighting. For many, it was their second or third displacement over the last few years.

03 August 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Displacement and worsening humanitarian situation as a result of ongoing violence and conflict

Renewed fighting in Mogadishu and other areas of Somalia since May 2009 has displaced hundreds of thousands of civilians and also exacerbated the already desperate humanitarian situation of existing internally displaced people (IDPs), in particular the children and women among them.

30 July 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Chad: Prevailing insecurity blocking solutions for IDPs

Around 170,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad and living in 38 camps in mid-2010, as a result of internal armed conflict, inter-ethnic violence over land and natural resources, and attacks by bandits against civilians. The majority of internally displaced people (IDPs) had little or no means of sustaining themselves, making humanitarian assistance vital. Chad also hosts 270,000 Sudanese refugees in 12 camps along the eastern border with Sudan, and 81,000 Central African refugees in 11 camps along the southern border with CAR.

02 July 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Kenya: Speedy reform needed to deal with past injustices and prevent future displacement

In early 2008, an estimated 650,000 Kenyans were displaced and a further 1,300 lost their lives during two months of intense communal violence after the announcement of presidential and parliamentary election results.

10 June 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Sudan: Rising inter-tribal violence in the south and renewed clashes in Darfur cause new waves of displacement

As of May 2010, at least 4.9 million people are internally displaced in Darfur, the Greater Khartoum area, South Kordofan and the ten States of Southern Sudan, with unknown numbers of internally displaced people in the other northern and eastern States.

28 May 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Zimbabwe: Official acknowledgment of displacement yet to be translated into strategies for durable solutions

Hundreds of thousands of people in Zimbabwe remain internally displaced as a result of government policies and actions. The two largest groups of internally displaced people (IDPs) are farm workers and their families who have been displaced as a result of the fast-track land reform programme, which began in 2000 and continues to this day; and people displaced as a result of arbitrary evictions in Zimbabwe’s towns and cities.

21 May 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Lao People's Democratic Republic: Lack of independent access to resettled ethnic Hmong raises concern about achievement of durable solutions

Since 2006, an estimated 7,700 Lao-Hmong who had sought refuge into neighbouring Thailand claiming persecution by the Lao government due to their role during the civil war have been forcibly sent back to Laos, both countries considering them as “illegal migrants”.

07 May 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Afghanistan: Armed conflict forces increasing numbers of Afghans to flee their homes

After large, and mostly spontaneous, return movements following the ousting of the Taliban regime in 2002, internal displacement is again on the rise, with new displacements as a result of the intensification of fighting in many regions.

15 April 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Little new displacement but around 2.8 million Iraqis remain internally displaced

Seven years after the March 2003 US-led invasion, Iraq remains deeply divided. There are few prospects of durable solutions for the approximately 15 per cent of the population who are displaced inside and outside Iraq. It is thought that there are almost 2.8 million internally displaced people (IDPs), close to half of whom were displaced prior to 2003. Though Iraq is no longer in the grip of a humanitarian crisis, daily life for all Iraqis is precarious. Public health, electricity, water and sanitation services remain inadequate.

04 March 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Armenia: Need to monitor progress towards durable solutions

Some 20 years after the beginning of Armenia’s war with Azerbaijan and related violence, the 8,400 people internally displaced by the conflict have received hardly any government attention because other larger refugee and internally displaced groups have made competing demands on the state budget in a time of economic transition and crisis. International organisations have also largely neglected their plight.

23 February 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Myanmar: Increasing displacement as fighting resumes in the east

Displacement as a result of armed conflict and human rights violations continues in Myanmar. Between August 2008 and July 2009, an estimated 75,000 people from ethnic minority communities in eastern Myanmar were forced to flee their homes. In several areas it is impossible to estimate the number of internally displaced people (IDPs).

29 January 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nepal: Failed implementation of IDP Policy leaves many unassisted

Repeated Maoist commitments to return confiscated houses and land are yet to be honoured in several districts, and internally displaced people (IDPs) from non-Maoist political parties have found it particularly hard to recover property. The government return package has been limited to those officially registered, and in many districts, up to half of IDPs have been unable to register for assistance.

28 January 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Kosovo: Need to support minority communities to prevent further displacement and allow durable solutions

Kosovo’s declaration of independence in 2008 created new uncertainty for 230,000 IDPs from Kosovo residing in Serbia and the 19,700 displaced within Kosovo; this overview focuses on the latter group. Despite initial fears of the contrary, there have been no major incidents targeting minority communities and no further displacement since 2008. Serbia has not recognised the independence of Kosovo, continuing to regard it as a UN-governed entity within its sovereign territory.

22 January 2010 | Country Profile

IDMC

Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza offensive adds to scale of displacement

According to the UN, 2009 marked one of the most violent periods experienced by the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza since the occupation began in 1967. The three-week Israeli offensive in Gaza launched in December 2008 cost the lives of over 1,000 Palestinians and led to the displacement of over 100,000 people.

30 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Serbia: IDPs still seeking housing solutions and documentation to access their rights

In 1999, over 245,000 members of local minorities fled from or within Kosovo in fear of reprisals from the majority Albanian population after NATO air strikes forced the withdrawal of Yugoslav troops and ended years of oppression of ethnic Albanians. Kosovo’s declaration of independence in February 2008 created new uncertainty for those still displaced.

29 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Mexico: Limited response to displacement following local and regional conflicts

Mexico’s southern states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero have witnessed forced internal displacement caused by a number of insurgencies seeking cultural and territorial autonomy and by national security forces using repressive measures to defeat them.

23 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Chad: IDPs in east facing continuing violence and hardship

Around 168,000 people were internally displaced in eastern Chad in September 2009, as a result of conflict and human rights abuses related to tensions between Chad and Sudan, internal armed conflict, and inter-ethnic attacks against civilians. This number had fallen slightly from a 2008 high of 185,000, about one fifth of the population of eastern Chad. A profiling report showed in 2008 that 95 per cent of these internally displaced people (IDPs) were located in the Department of Dar Sila, and that almost 60 per cent were women between the ages of 15 and 40.

21 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Somalia: Political and security crises, access limits and donor cuts increasing IDP vulnerability

Political stalemate, security crisis and the continuing conflict in Somalia between the UN-backed coalition government and armed opposition groups continue to expose internally displaced people (IDPs) to violations of their rights under international humanitarian and human rights law. An estimated one and a half million people were internally displaced in south and central Somalia as of November 2009.

10 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Guatemala: Violence and inequality still blocking solutions for IDPs

Structural inequality, restricted political participation and discriminatory state policies are at the core of Guatemala’s challenges today as they were 50 years ago when its war started. 14 years have passed since the signing of the peace accord which marked the end of the country’s conflict and promised durable solutions for those people displaced.

08 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Pakistan: Millions of IDPs and returnees face continuing crisis

The ongoing wave of displacement in Pakistan is the single largest population movement recorded in the country since it was created in 1947.

02 December 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Israel: Short-term and protracted displacements following various conflicts

During or shortly after the conflict which accompanied the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, some 46,000 to 48,000 people lost their homes and subsequently remained in Israel. Many of them found refuge in nearby villages in which they had relatives, family and friends. They subsequently moved from one village to another, mainly to reunite with people from their village of origin.

30 November 2009 | Country Profile

IDMC

Nigeria: Download Download the profile in English

Internal displacement caused by both communal violence and internal armed conflict is a recurrent phenomenon in most states in Nigeria. The parties to the fighting have sought political, economic and social advantages in a country with endemic poverty, low levels of education and a huge and alienated youth population.

19 November 2009 | Country Profile

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